Abruzzi (L'Aquila) - Southern Regions

"Abruzzi (L'Aquila) - Southern Regions" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Thursday 28th April 2011

Abruzzi (L'Aquila) - Southern Regions

In the ancient times the region was called Samnium, in the Middle Ages it was denominated Aprutium. The origins of the modern name, Abruzzi, come from the devision of the territory by the French Buorbon administration in Closer Abruzzo and Further Abruzzo ("abruzzo"- sing., "abruzzi"-pl. (it.)). The region that we know now was born only in 1963, because from 1860 till this year Abruzzi and Molise formed one region and only in 1963 were separated into two.

Area: 10 796 sq.km (4166 sq.miles) (3.5%), population: 1 275 000 inhabitants (2.2%), density of population: 118 inhab./sq.km.

The factors served as the obstacles for the population and economical development of the region were the following: geographical position far from the main roads connecting north and south of the country; lack of the plain zones, rigid climate and very scarce mineral resources. Nevertheless Abruzzi was already inhabited in pre-Roman epoch by various peoples. Later Romans created here well developed road network: via Salaria, Valeria, Claudia Nuova, Cecilia, Numicia.

After Romans Abruzzi came under the government of Lombards, Franks and Normans. The latter united the region with their south Italian kingdom.

The next after Romans who built or created something on this territory were the French Bourbons who constructed a number of roads among which the most important was Strada Regia.

United Italian state continued this work: dried up the territory of lake Fucino which gave 140 sq.km. of excellent agricultural land, railways and highways. In 1923 was established the national Park of Abruzzi covering the area of 400 sq.km and representing the precious natural complex of flora and fauna. During the 70's and 80's on the Adriatic coast was created the new industrial economy which together with tourism provide not rich but stable existence of the population.

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History

Man and Territory Economy and Resources

Archeology and Art

Origins

Between VIII and V centuries b.C. the region was inhabited by numerous Italic tribes of shepherds. . The pre-Roman sculpture Guerriero (warer) di Capestrano

Roman Epoch
(from II century b.C.)

Conquered by Romans after long wars the Italic peoples struggle against Rome to obtain the Roman citizenship. Attempt to dry up lake Fucino (42 a.C.) .

Middle Ages
(V - XV centuries)

The long period of decline, domination of Lombards, Franks, Normans, Swabian monarchy. Under Frederick II of Swabia the capital of a big part of Abruzzi is Sulmona. . Numerous churches and benedictian Abbeys influenced by Swabian and Norman cultures (abbey of San Clemente in Casauria, XII century; San Giovanni in Venere, XII century; S.Maria di Collemaggio in L'Aquila, XIV century).

Renaissance
(XV - XVI centuries)

Domination of Aragons; center of bloody uprisings against feudalists (end of XVI century) Poverty and unemployment Origins of manufacturing tradition of majolica

Modern Epoch (XVII-XVIII)

Short period of Austrian government; domination of Bourbons. Two earthquakes (1646 and 1703) gravely damaged some of the regional zones. .

XIX - XX centuries

In the beginning of XIX Bourbons rearrange the administrational organization dividing territory in provinces. I860-unification with Italy. Opening of the roads, railways, first industrial constructions (hydroenergy). In 1950 interventions of the Cassa per il Mezzogiorno (Fund for the southern Italy): improvement of agriculture in zone of the lake Fucino being dried up since 1875; construction of the highway Rome-L'Aquila; further development.  

Abruzzi (L'Aquila) Map:

Abruzzi (L'Aquila) Map

Position.

Abruzzi is located between the Adriatic and Apennines and borders on Marche (north), Latium (west), Molise (south) and the Adriatic sea (west).

Pescara

January: 6.5 C

July: 23.1 C

Climate.

The climate of Abruzzi is mild on the sea coasts and rigid in the inland zones with cold winters, rains and abundant snow.

Landscape.

The territory of the region is occupied mostly by mountains Central Apennines with its highest tops: Corno Grande 2912m, mountain Amaro 2795m, mountains of Laga 2458m. The part of inland is occupied by National Park of Abruzzi receiving hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. The hill zones are important for agriculture which didn't change its character with the ages. The main rivers of Abruzzi are: Tronto, Aterno-Pescara, Sangro, Trigno flowing into the Adriatic; Salto and Liri in direction of theTyrrhenian Sea. There are also two lakes: Scanno and Campotosto.

Altitudes

plain: 0%

hill: 35%

mountain: 65%

Tourism

Total: 20 000 000

Italians:90%

Foreigners:10%

Communications.

The communications in the region are not developed well. Only the seaside zone is well supplied with roads, highways and railways. The inland is badly connected with the rest of Italy, the situation was improved in last decades with the construction of two tracts Rome-L'Aquila and Valle del Pescara-Popoli-Avezzano.

Agriculture and breeding.

The products exported to the markets of Rome and Naples from Abruzzi: potato, corn, carrot, salads, cherry, saffron and liquorice. The traditional breeding of sheep is in the situation of fall because of reduced pasture area and quantity of shepherds. the fishing is quite profitable and gives 4% of national fishing product, its principal centers are the ports of Pescara, Giulianova, Ortona and Vasto.

Employment

agriculture: 8%

industry: 32%

service, tourism: 60%

Hydroenergy

Italy:

44 000 000 kWh

Abruzzi:

2 000 000 kWh

Thermoenergy

Italy:

128 000 000 kWh

Abruzzi:

100 000 kWh

Industry.

The industry in the region is very limited, nevertheless such sectors as textile, clothing, shoes, furniture and food productions are quite successful and export goes even abroad.
The other activities of the local population are commerce, public administration and tourism. The most frequently visited touristic places are Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzi and Roccaraso, adapted for winter sports.

Population.

Because of poor economical development lots of young people left their home land in search of work in the other regions of Italy. The greatest part of the population lives as many centuries ago in numerous little towns. Only 20 communes out of 305 have the population more than 10 000 inhabitants. The most densely populated is a province of Pescara, and less densiy - L'Aquila.

Births (per 1000)

Italy: 9.9

Abruzzi: 9.7

Deaths (per 1000)

Italy: 9.3

Abruzzi: 9.2

Remnant

Italy: 0.6

Abruzzi: 0.5

Inhabitants per car

Italy: 2.4

Abruzzi: 1.9

Expenses for sport/recreation

(liras per inhabitant)

Italy: 48 500

Abruzzi: 45 000

Life.

The life in Abruzzi is stable, even if during last decades the level of life grew higher. There is a big difference between life in the city and in the countryside, not touched by the economical progress. The best urban centers to live in Abruzzi are L'Aquila and especially Pescara. The average product per inhabitant of Abruzzi is lower than the national rate, but higher than south Italian one. The cost of life remained nearly the same in course of past 20 years while in other regions of Italy it increased a lot. The medical assistance is good and men and women live longer lives than an average Italian citizen. The diffusion of newspapers, magazines and information in general is quite modest, here people prefer to watch TV better than read; the expenses for sport and recreation are very low, as well as the level of criminality. Abruzzi is a land of tranquility and traditions.

Provinces and communes.

The territory of the region is divided into four provinces: L'Aquila, Chieti, Pescara and Teramo with 305 communes.

Monthly income

per inhabitant

1 130 000 It.Liras (565 US Dollars)

As you visit 'Abruzzi (L'Aquila) - Southern Regions' you may also like following articles . . .

Pescara (PE) (Abruzzi)

Region of Abruzzi (L'Aquila) in Southern Italy. The smallest province in the region. Surface 1225 sq.km.; 46 communes; agriculture, fishing, industries,

Teramo (TE) (Abruzzi)

Region of Abruzzi (L'Aquila) in Southern Italy. Surface 1948 sq.km.; 47 communes; agriculture, breeding, artisan production. Main centers: Giulianova, Roseto

Chieti (CH) (Abruzzi)

Region of Abruzzi (L'Aquila) in Southern Italy. Surface 2586 sq.km.; 104 communes; agriculture, breeding, fishing, industries. Main centers: Lanciano, Ortona

Aquila (L') (AQ) (Abruzzi)

Abruzzi (L'Aquila) region in Southern Italy. Surface 5034 sq.km.; 108 communes; mountainous relief; agriculture, breeding, sweets' industry, marble caves.

Southern Regions - Provinces and Main Towns, Population Density, Agriculture & Industry

Southern Regions of Italy - Provinces and Main Towns . inhabitants of main town sq.km inhabitants density Abruzzi (L'Aquila) 10 794 1 217