Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

"Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Tuesday 26th April 2011

Scaurus, Marcus Aemilius (163-89 b.C.) Roman politician (a leader of conservative senatorial aristocrats) and general, a husband of Caecilia Metella.

Scaurus was born into an impoverished patrician family and acquired wealth in business before entering public life.

He became a consul in 115, and in the same year defeated Ligurians and Carnians (Alpine tribes), for which was awarded a triumph.

In 114 he was elected a senior senator, and three years later was corrupted by the Numidian king Jugurtha in Africa to accept a peace unfavourable to Rome.

In 104 Scaurus took charge of the grain supply.

In 109 being a censor he laid out a highway Aemilia Scauri between Genoa and Tortona, reconstructed Ponte Milvio in Rome and dried up the mashes of Trebbia.

Scaurus' daughter, Aemilia, married Gnaeus Pompey.

He was a good speaker, wrote three books of memories, which fragments survived till our days. Cicero estimated him highly and wrote that the world was almost ruled by a nod of his head, but there were also negative points of view on Scaurus expressed by other great personalities of the epoch.

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