"Angelico, Fra (circa1395-1455) (Beato Angelico) (Guido di Pietro) (Giov. da Fiesole)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 27th April 2011
Guido di Pietro named Beato Angelico, Italian painter, was born in Florence in circa1395 and died in Rome in 1455. Being already an artist he entered the monastery of San Domenico a Fiesole and became a prior in 1449.
His first famous works were Diurno domenicale 3 (Florence, Biblioteca Laurenziana); Trittico di San Pietro martire (Florence, Mus. di San Marco); Madonna con il Bambino e angeli (Franckfurt, Stadelsches Kunstinstitut), in which could be seen the influence of Lorenzo Monaco and Gentile da Fabriano. But very soon (before 1430) Angelico had got very much interest in work of Masaccio: Madonna e quattro santi (Parma, Pict. Gall.); Annunciazione (Madrid, Mus.del Prado).
Later he develops the inventions of light and color spreading and creates the new conception of space and proportions: Crocifissione (Fiesole, monastery of San Domenico); Annunciazione e Adorazione dei Magi, Giudizio Universale, Messale 558 (Mus. di San Marco); Incoronazione di Maria (Florence, Gall degli Uffizi).
In 40's of the 15th century, Beato Angelico was already renown as the greatest Florentine painter. With the series of such very important and prestigious works as Tabernacolo dei Linaioli (1433, Mus. di San Marco), Incoronazione di Maria (Paris, Louvre) and grandiose Pala di San Marco (see on the right a part of work representing "Sepulchre of saints Cosma and Damian") (1438, Mus. di San Marco), he gave the modern form of "sacred art", of Renaissance ideology, but of deeply religious origins and meaning.
The works created with the assistance and intervention of his pupils are considered to be less valuable in artistic sense: Madonna e santi (Berlin, Staatl.Mus.), Madonna della Stella (Mus. di San Marco), Annunciazione and Trittico di San Domenico in the city of Cortona (Mus.Diocesano) and impressive Polittico (see on the left the part of work representing "Meeting of S.Nicolas with the messenger of the emperor, and miraculous rescue of sailing-ship" in Perugia (1437, Gall.Naz.).
Since 1438 till 1446, Beato conducted the works over the decoration in frescoes of the new monastery of San Marco in Florence, and in particular he executed himself the following parts: Crocifissione (hall of Capitolo); Noli me tangere (see on the right), Trasfigurazione, Annunciazione, Cristo deriso, Incoronazione di Maria, Presentazione al Tempio (in the cells of the eastern wing); Madonna in trono e otto santi (in the eastern corridor).
In 1446 he depicted with frescoes the Chapel of Nicolas V in Vatican with the Storie di santo Stefano e san Lorenzo (see on the left one of frescoes "St.Laurence distributes alms to the poor"), these were his last masterpieces. Less importance have the ultimate works of the artist: Madonna del giglio (Amsterdam, Rijksmus); Giudizio finale (Rome, Palazzo Barberini). In 1447 Angelico, B.Gozzoli and others began decoration in frescoes of the vault of the chapel of San Brizio in Cathedral of the city of Orvieto.
Beato Angelico was considered to be a mysterious painter, who successfully tried to put together the ideas of Modern Times and old religious conceptions of human being and existence. The name Beato ("blessed") was given to him in refference to his life, which served as an exsemple for many years to come.As you visit 'Angelico, Fra (circa1395-1455) (Beato Angelico) (Guido di Pietro) (Giov. da Fiesole)' you may also like following articles . . .