Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri (St. Mary of the Angels and the Martyrs)

"Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri (St. Mary of the Angels and the Martyrs)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Tuesday 17th May 2011

inside interior of Santa Maria degli Angeli

The hall of Tepidarium of the Baths of Diocletian (Terme di Diocleziano) was adapted for the Basilica di S.Maria degli Angeli by Michelangelo in 1560 according to a wish of Pius IV. But it had to be built much earlier in 1378 when two benefactors, Niccolo' da Nola and Napoleone Orsino, left to the pope Urban V the sum of 3000 golden florins to construct a Carthusian church inside of the Baths of Diocletian. But the pope used these money to restore the basilica di Santa Croce in Gerusalemme entrusting works to the Carthusian monks.
Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri (St. Mary of the Angels and the Martyrs)

Basilica di S.Maria degli Angeli has the following dimensions: 91m long, 27m wide and 28m high. Michelangelo used eight monolithic columns of red granite 14m high each. In 1749 L.Vanvitelli made some modifications: transfer of the main entrance to the hall of Calidarium and thus the orientation was altered. The Michelangelo's nave of vast proportions was converted into a transept.
interior of Basilica di S.Maria degli Angeli
The church contains the tombs of C.Maratta and S.Rosa (vestibule). The monument to Pius IV was executed according to a Michelangelo's design, which also inspired the monument to the nephew of the pope cardinal Giovanni Antonio Serbelloni (apse). By the transept is a fine colossal statue of St Bruno (founder of Carthusians), by J.A.Houdon (1766) about which exists a little interesting story: once Clement XIV admiring the statue exclaimed: "This is a statue that speaks !". But he corrected himself immediately: "Or better say, the statue that would speak, if it would not be prohibited by the Rule", because one of the norms of the Carthusian Rule was to keep silence ... forever.

The huge paintings were moved here from St Peter's where were substituted by mosaics, and include: Mass of St Basil, by P.Subleyras; Fall of Simon Magus, by P.Batoni; Martyrdom of St Sebastian, by Domenichino; Death of Ananias and Sapphira, by Pomarancio; Baptism of Christ, by C.Maratta.
painting of Basilica di S.Maria degli Angeli
The architectural complex appears singularly evocative for the harmony of the structures, respected by the quite delicate decoration, added during the 1700s. The most famous work is the "Martirio di San Sebastiano" by Domenichino. In the sacristy one can find the original project by Michelangelo. Santa Maria degli Angeli is the favourite church for the official religious services.

Address:
Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri (St. Mary of the Angels and the Martyrs)
Piazza della Repubblica
00185, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Castro Pretorio (Porta Pia) (Roma centro)
Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri (St. Mary of the Angels and the Martyrs) is Shown By "Map F Zone" As "13"
Bus: 40Exp, 57, 60Exp, 64, 65, 75,170, 175, 492, H.
Metro: Metro A: Repubblica, or a short walk from Termini. Stazione Termini Busline: 16, 38, 75, 86, 90, 217, 310, 360, 649, 714.
Hours: Open 7:00am-06:30pm., Sunday: 7:00am-07:30pm.
Telephone: 0039 06 4880812
Fax: 0039 06 4870749
Website: http://www.santamariadegliangeliroma.it/

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