Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano)

"Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Monday 4th July 2011

The Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano) were executed by Apollodorus of Damascus in only five years and built by Traiano (Trajan) in 109 AD on the project of Apollodoro di Damasco, the most famous architect of that era. The huge complex of the Baths of Trajan required the construction of a massive cistern known since the Middle Ages as “Seven Rooms” which, almost perfectly preserved on the edge of the Colle Oppio Park (Parco del Colle Oppio), ensured the supply of water to the baths.

Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano)
It is known that these thermal baths, also used by women, were still in use during the IV and V century.The structure was on a surface of almost one square kilometre, on the south side of the hill, on a terrace that was partly on the Domus Aurea. On the walking part of the thermal baths a large enclosure with an exedra included a green area, in the centre of which there was the actual thermal building with specular rooms on the side of a central axis.

They were introducing the new approach to public service: apart from the baths and gyms, there were also libraries, meeting halls and expositions; the halls were richly decorated with the statues, columns and etc. The construction and functioning of the baths were very advanced, as the hydro supply systems show. The conspicuous ruins include an exedra which was decorated as a nymphaeum and a hall with two apses.
Terme di Traiano
Various colossal ruins of the thermal complex can still be visible nowadays: of the external enclosure are still preserved the NE, SW and part of the SE exedrae, apart from the grand central hemicycle on the SW side which is still perfectly preserved on the lower level. The ruins of the NW exedra are preserved in the cellars of the buildings in Via in Selci 79b. Of the central body there is part of the structure inside the park : the exedra and the eastern gymnasium, the apse of the room on the South side and part of the walling of the basilica reused as a hunting lodge by the Brancaccio family. The Golden Palace of Nero (Domus Aurea) exists beneath the Terme, which appears as a Lair of Romulus.

Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano)
Viale Monte Oppio (or Via del Monte Oppio)
00184, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Monti (Colosseo - S.Giovanni - S.Maria Maggiore) (Roma centro)
Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano) is Shown By "Map K Zone" As "65"
Entrance: Free to Access.
Info and Booking: Tel. 06. 39967800 (Mon-Fri 9am-5pm; Sat 9am-1.30pm).

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