"Campo de' Fiori (Flora)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Friday 10th June 2011
Before the 15th century it was a camp covered by green grass and flowers, which was used as a pasture land. This probably gave the name to the square: Campo dei Fiori (Campo di Flora). It became an important place due to the transfer of the traffic from the slopes of the Capitoline Hill to the new city which grew in direction to the new residence in Vatican after return of popes from Avignon. Since the 12th century the zone was dominated by the Orsini family, which possessed houses and towers erected on the place of so called "trullo", i.e. ruins of Teatro di Pompeo.
Once a simple meadow, today is a square and one of the most characteristic places of the city. A jewel among jewels, piazza Campo de' Fiori is placed between piazza Navona and piazza Farnese and is the typical scenario of old Rome.
According to the order of Eugenius IV the square was paved in 1440, and the other works were executed in the end of the century, when the first fountain was built here and substituted a hundred years later by Gregory XIII by a famous "terrina" (tureen), which is now located in front of Church Nuova (at Piazza della Chiesa Nuova).
The square was a site of market, hotels, inns, book-shops and houses of famous courtesans. As one of the city centers here the executions took place as well. In 1600 Giordano Bruno was burnt in this square as a heretic, by the Inquisition, to who was erected a simple monument in 1889, by Ettore Ferrari. This is why the image is almost unchanged compared to Alinari’s pictures of the 19th century.
In the end of past century Campo dei Fiori was enlarged due to demolition on the side where the present fountain stands (also so called Fontana di Campo de' Fiori/ Fountain of Campo de' Fiori). This is also a site of a daily market with a big section of flower-vendors and a center of a distinctive district of the city, with numerous artisans' workshops.
The picturesque market that lives up the square is very typical of the city. It was moved here from piazza Navona in 1869, and it owes its name to a wonderful field full of flowers, a pasture for animals until the 15th century. The market has still wooden stands and the umbrellas protect the products from any weather.
In the middle of the square is the 19th century statue of the philosopher Giordano Bruno, sent to the stake in 1600 because he was considered an heretic. Campo de' Fiori is an example of continuity between ancient and present Rome.
Campo de' Fiori
Piazza Capo di Ferro, 20 (between piazza Navona and piazza Farnese)
00186, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Regola (Campo de' Fiori-Piazza Farnese) (Roma centro)
Campo de' Fiori is Shown By "Map H Zone" As "18"
Bus: 64, 62, 40, 44, 46, 8, 628, 87, 81, 70, 492, 280, 271.