"Chiesa (Church) di Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Thursday 28th April 2011
The church grew out of a chapel built here by Pascal II in 1099 over the tombs of the Domitia family, which were believed to be the haunt of demons, because Nero was buried there. The origin of the name is not certain, and one of the versions is the fact that it was built on expenses of people of Rome (Commune of Rome) (popolo=people). The chapel was enlarged in 1227-1241 by Gregory IX and definitely amplified and turned into a church with present forms by B.Pontelli and A.Bregno under Sixtus IV. Bramante made an apse longer and Bernini gave the church and facade its baroque form.
Interior has a nave and two aisles divided by pilasters and semi-columns. Cappella della Rovere (first on the right) is decorated by paintings by Pinturicchio in 1485-1489, and contains two tombs of nephews of Sixtus IV della Rovere, by A.Bregno. Cappella Cybo (second on the right), erected by C.Fontana in 1682-1687, is an a Greek-cross plan with a dome and 16 columns; the huge altarpiece is by C.Maratta; at the sides are the tombs of the Cybo family. The 3rd chapel on the right is frescoed by the school of Pinturicchio (1504-1508) and has a worn majolica pavement. Cappella Chigi (the 2nd on the left) designed by Raphael for Agostino Chigi in 1513-1516; on the altar is the Birth of Virgin, by S.del Piombo; marble statues by G.L.Bernini and Lorenzetto; two tombs of Agostino and Sigismondo Chigi.
On the high altar is a painting Madonna del Popolo (13th century). Behind it there are masterpieces of A.Sansovino: two tombs of cardinal Girolamo della Rovere and Ascanio Sforza. The chapel of presbitery and an apse are by Bramante. In the baptistery are two ciboria by A.Bregno, and the tombs of cardinals Francesco Castiglione (1568) and Antonio Pallavicini (1507). The vault frescoes are by Pinturicchio. There are also rich fine stuccoes representing the history of Virgin. The first chapel on the left of the High altar are two masterpieces by Caravaggio: Crucifixion of St Peter and Conversion of St Paul.
SANTA MARIA DEL POPOLO Santa Maria del Popolo is one of the most significant buildings from Rome’s Renaissance, not only for its architectural elements, but also for the paintings and sculptures that make it a precious museum of Renaissance art. The former Augustinian convent adjoining the church hosted Martin Luther during his mission here in 1511. The chapels abund of funeral monuments and works of art.
Chiesa (Church) di Santa Maria del Popolo
Piazza del Popolo, 12
00187, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Campo Marzio (P.Spagna-P.Popolo-Pincio) (Roma centro)
Chiesa (Church) di Santa Maria del Popolo is Shown By "Map E Zone" As "6"
Subway: Fermata Flaminio (42 m N) - Metro Underground line: A
Bus 88 - 95 - 117 - 119 - 490 - 495 - 628 - 926 - 204
Telephone: 0039 06 3610836
Fax: 0039 06 3203155
Web site: www.santamariadelpopolo.it