Church/ Basilica of St. Stephen in the Round (Santo Stefano Rotondo)

"Church/ Basilica of St. Stephen in the Round (Santo Stefano Rotondo)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 6th July 2011

This Church or Basilica of St. Stephen in the Round on the Celian Hill (Chiesa di Santo Stefano Rotondo al Celio) doesn't have any other construction, adapted for religious needs, similar to it in Rome; its complex design was probably taken from eastern models or from the church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, as well as ancient Roman buildings. It was dedicated to the martyr Stephen and was built in the 5th century on the remains of the ancient constructions. The original plan includes three concentric rings, the largest 65m in diameter, intersected by the four arms of a Greek Cross.

outer ring of St. Stephen in the Round (Santo Stefano Rotondo).
The outer ring and three of the arms were pulled down by Nicolas V in 1450, so that the diameter was reduced to 40m. The vestibule is formed by the one remaining arm of the Greek Cross. The circular nave has a double ring of antique granite and marble columns, 34 in the outer and 22 in the inner series. It is decorated with 34 frescoes of late Renaissance by Pomarancio and others representing the scenes of tortures of the Christians during their martyrdom: people smashed under very heavy stones with the intestines and eyes coming out of the bodies; torn into pieces by lions; drowned with the stones attached to the neck; burnt alive; blinded; hanged; people who's bones were strained, teeth and other parts of the body pulled out and etc.
partial view with columns of St. Stephen in the Round (Santo Stefano Rotondo).
The altar is by B.Rossellino. The church preserves a marble throne of St Gregory Magno and various records about presence of Hungarian priests. In 1452 it was assigned to Hungarian order of St Paul and later, to the German-Hungarian College. After the Hospice and Church of St Stephen of the Hungarians in Vatican were destroyed for the construction of Sacristy, the memory about a king St Stephen moved to the church of S.Stefano Rotondo, in a chapel built in 1778 by P.Camporese.
inside interior of St. Stephen in the Round (Santo Stefano Rotondo)
One of Italy’s most antique churches with a round plan, probably built during C.V and consecrated to religion by Pope Simplicio at the end of C.V. It is preceded by a porch with five arcades on high antique granite columns, with Corinthian capitals. Not to be missed out the interior of the small church, absolutely unusual and very particular, rich, along the walls, of frescoes by Pomarancio, Tempesta and others, quite impressive for the representation of the atrocities performed on christian martyrs. One of the chapels contains a byzantine mosaic dated C. VII which portrays two martyrs buried inside the church.
inside marble throne of St Gregory Magno of S.Stefano Rotondo
Commonly named Santo Stefano Rotondo, the church is the National church in Rome of Hungary dedicated to Saint Stephen and Saint Stephen of Hungary. The minor basilica is also the rectory church of the Pontifical Collegium Germanicum et Hungaricum.

Address:
Church/ Basilica of St. Stephen in the Round (Santo Stefano Rotondo)
Via di Santo Stefano Rotondo, 7 (Via della Navicella)
00184, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Celio (Terme di Caracalla) (Roma centro)
Church/ Basilica of St. Stephen in the Round (Santo Stefano Rotondo) is Shown By "Map K Zone" As "80"
Church Hour: To visit the church please book at number 06 421199 Masses: Upon request.
Winter Hour: Monday to Saturday 09:30am-12:30pm 02:00pm-05:00pm, Sunday 09:30am-12:30pm, Closed Monday
Summer Hour: Monday to Saturday 09:30am-12:30pm 03:00pm-06:00pm, Sunday 09:30am-12:30pm, Closed Monday.
Telephone: 0039 06 421199
Fax: 0039 06 42119125
Email: sant...@cgu.it

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