Church/ Chiesa

The seven Basilicas - Pilgrim Churches of Rome

Medieval Basilicas of Rome - Pilgrim Churches of Rome, Italy During the years of imperial persecutions, the one of Diocleziano in particular was terrifying, the Christian worshippers were obliged to meet secretly in humble buildings very similar, at least from outside, to private homes. With the victory of Costantino over Massenzio in 312 the situation radically changed. The imperial architects committed to build new worship places...

Basilica of St. Giovanni in Laterano (St John Lateran)

Basilica of St. Giovanni in Laterano, Italy The cathedral, whose full name is: Patriarcal Arcibasilica and Cathedral of Holy Saviour, St. John the Baptist and Evangelist in Lateran (Arcibasilica Papale e Cattedrale del Santissimo Salvatore e dei Santi Giovanni Battista ed Evangelista in Laterano), rises from the same place where the basilica of Costantino was erected round 314. The ancient basilica had four aisles for...

Mausoleo di Santa Costanza (Santa Costanza Church), Rome

Mausoleo di Santa Costanza (Santa Costanza Church), Rome It is a mausoleum of two daughters of emperor Constantine: Constantia and Helena, annexed to the Basilica of St Agnes outside the Walls. It was built by Constantia before 354 as a mausoleum for herself and her sister. Quite soon it was used as a baptistery, and from 1254 as a church. Afterwards it was considered to be an ancient Temple of Bacchus, because of its mosaics...

Chiesa (Church) di Gesu' e Maria, Rome

Inside the Chiesa (Church) di Gesu' e Maria, Rome In 1615 the Augustinian brothers acquired a piece of land between modern Via di Gesu' e Maria and Via di S.Giacomo, between Via del Corso and Via del Babuino, which before was a villa of cardinal Flavio Orsini. The church was built many years later, in 1670, because all this time they were collecting money for its construction. The architect was C.Rainaldi. The exterior is...

All Saints Church (Anglicana All Saints), Rome

All Saints Church (Anglicana All Saints), Rome The church was erected in 1882-1887 on the site of destroyed Cappella di S.Antonio Abata belonging to the Convent of Gesu' e Maria. The project is by G.E.Street, the architects were Pietro Barucci and Vincenzo Canizzaro.The construction is an example of "gothic revival", which aspect is not quite appropriate for the zone in which it is located. Fig: All Saints Church, Via...

Church/Chiesa dei SS.Ambrogio e Carlo (San Carlo al Corso), Rome

Church/Chiesa dei SS.Ambrogio e Carlo (San Carlo al Corso), Rome Popularly the church is named Chiesa di S.Carlo al Corso. It is a "national" church of Lombards in Rome, built on the site of previous little medieval church of S.Nicola de Tofo. It was assigned to the Confraternity of Lombards by Sixtus IV as a sign of his favour to the colony of immigrants consisted in its greater part of masons, builders and other construction workers, who...

Church/Chiesa San Lorenzo in Lucina, Rome

Church/Chiesa San Lorenzo in Lucina, Rome It was built in the 4th-5th centuries on the site of the house of matron Lucina. In the beginning of the 12th century the church was reconstructed by order of Pascal II. The portico with six Ionic columns and a bell-tower of present church remained in the 12th century form. The interior was rearranged in 1650 by C.Fanzago. It has one nave and four chapels on each side. In...

Church /Chiesa di S.Maria in Campo Marzio (Santa Maria In Campo Marzio) , Rome

Church /Chiesa di S.Maria in Campo Marzio (Santa Maria In Campo Marzio) , Rome The church was probably built in the 7th century, but was completely reconstructed in present form on a Greek-cross plan in 1685 by G.A.De Rossi. It has a little courtyard-cloister created at the same time with a little 1577 fountain in the middle, and a good portico. Inside, over the high altar is a Madonna, part of a triptych probably of the 12th-13th century. Since 1920...

Church/ Chiesa di Sant'Ignazio di Loyola, Rome

Inside the Church of Saint Ignatius at Campo Marzio (Campus Martius) It was erected by Jesuits on the site of previous Chiesetta dell'Annunziata, which was also built by Jesuits in 1562-1564, with the help of cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi. The new church served the needs of students' community of the adjoining Collegio Romano. St Ignatius de Loyola was canonized in 1622, and construction of the church was begun in 1626 by project of Jesuit O....

Church of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere

Together with the adjoining monastery of Benedictians located here since the 16th century, the church of S.Cecilia is one of the most characteristic constructions of Trastevere district immersed in silence and loneliness of a Medieval part of the city. Notwithstanding the baroque period of reconstruction the church conserved its original character as a house of martyr (Cecilia...

Church of San Bonaventura al Palatino (Palatine Hill)

The Church of San Bonaventura al Palatino (Palatine Hill) was built in 1625 by initiative of cardinal Francesco Barberini and Blessed Bonaventura da Barcellona. It stands on the highest summit of the Palatine Hill. Previously this site was occupied by Conserva d'Acqua Claudia, water reservoir, which served all the needs of the imperial palaces. Its water came from the...

Church of San Cesareo in Palatio

The Church of San Cesareo in Palatio (Chiesa di S.Cesareo de Appia) was built over another Roman construction. It was restored in the end of the 16th century by G.Della Porta. Interior is represented by a hall with a rich golden ceiling and various Cosmatesque works like high altar, the bishop's throne, the ambo, the candelabrum, and the fronts of the side-altars. In the 4th...

Church/ Basilica of St. John at Latin Gate (San Giovanni a Porta Latina)

The Church/ Basilica of St. John at Latin Gate (Chiesa/ Basilica di San Giovanni a Porta Latina) was erected in the 5th century, and reconstructed in 722 and in 1191. Interior is on basilican plan with a nave and two aisles divided by 5 ancient columns on each side. The church preserved the traces of fine 12th century frescoes representing 46 different scenes from the Old and...

Church and Temple of San Giovanni in Oleo

At Porta Latina, within the enclosure of the Aurelian Walls, stands the octagonal Church and Temple of San Giovanni in Oleo (Tempietto di S.Giovanni in Oleo), whose current structures date back to 1509. This is a little octagonal construction erected by Bramante on the site where according to a legend St John Evangelist had to by martyred by emperor Domitian, but stepped out...

Palazzo Sessoriano (Sessorium): Infantry & Tankers Museum, Grenadiers Museum, S.Croce in Gerusalemme

museum of Italian Army at Piazza S. Croce in Gerusalemme, rome In the beginning of the 3rd century in this zone on the south-eastern end of the city was formed a new Imperial residence, better adapted for living than the one on the Palatine Hill. It was called "Sessorium" or "Palace of Sessorium", and was compound of ample gardens, amphitheater, circus, baths and a basilica for negotiation of public affairs. To protect all this the city...