Church/ Chiesa di San Pietro in Montorio

"Church/ Chiesa di San Pietro in Montorio" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Monday 30th May 2011

Church/ Chiesa di San Pietro in Montorio

This church was built on a site wrongly considered to be the place of St Peter's crucifixion. This 16th-century church is a beautiful example of Renaissance architecture. Mentioned in the 9th century, the church was rebuilt in 1481-1500 at the expense of King Ferdinand V of Aragon and his wife Queen Isabella I of Castile. In 1626 monks built the monastery adjoining to the church. The apse and campanile, damaged in the siege of 1849, were restored in 1851. Here over the High Altar in 1523- 1809 was exposed the Transfiguration by Raphael (now in the Vatican's Picture Gallery).

The facade is very simple and is attributed to the school of A.Bregno. Interior: one nave and 4 chapels on each side, 2 bigger chapels forming the transept. The decorations were executed by S.del Piombo, Pomarancio, B.Peruzzi, Pinturicchio, A.Romano and M.Cerruti. In the architecture of the chapels could be recognized the contributes of C.Maderno and G.L.Bernini.
Inside interior of the church San Pietro in Montorio
It rises on two floors with angular pilaster strips, which close up a gothic rose-window and the portal that is accessible via a stairway with a double-ramp. The interior has a single nave, with four chapels per side, all originally shaped like an apse, and two wider chapels that make up the transept. In the first chapel to the right one finds the "Flagellazione" by Sebastiano del Piombo and dated 1518 on a drawing by Michelangelo.

The second chapel on the left side is an early work by Bernini, with a relief of the Ecstasy of St Francis (pictured below), executed by his pupils Fr.Baratta and A.Bolgi.
Ecstasy of St Francis at San Pietro in Montorio
The church is the burial place of Beatrice Cenci, beheaded as a parricide at Ponte Sant'Angelo in 1599, and Hugh O'Neill of Tyrone and Roderick O'Donnell of Tyrconnel (1608), leaders in the Irish revolt against James I.

The word "montorio" derives from "mons aureus", given to the Gianicolo (or Janiculum) Hill because of its golden sands.

On the right of the church is a courtyard with the famous Tempietto (pictured below) by Bramante (1500-1502) erected on the supposed exact place of St. Peter's martyrdom. Bramante was requested to create a temple by Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain in 1500. This jewel of the Renaissance, a miniature circular building with 16 Doric columns of granite, combines all the grace of the 16th century. One of Bramante's earliest commissions, the "Tempietto" is one of the most harmonious buildings of the Renaissance. It is meant to mark the traditional spot of St. Peter's martyrdom.
famous Tempietto On the right of the church San Pietro in Montorio
One of the wings of the monastery is occupied by the Spanish Academy of History, Archeology and Fine Arts.

Church/ Chiesa di San Pietro in Montorio
Piazza di San Pietro in Montorio, 2
Office: via Garibaldi No. - 33-b (Hours 9 / 12)
00153, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Trastevere (Gianicolo) (Roma centro)
Church/ Chiesa di San Pietro in Montorio is Shown By "Map G Zone" As "23"
Bus No.: 44, 75, 710, 870, 115.
Hours: Monday - Friday: 8.30 am - 12.00 pm and 3.00 pm - 4.00 pm. Saturday, Sunday and Holidays: 8.30 am - 12.00 pm. Mass Schedule: Holidays: 8.00 am and 12.00 pm. Sightseeing by appointment. Hours For Wedding Celebrations: 10,12,16,18. Guided Tours must be booked in advance by phone. Visits are not allowed during Masses.
Telephone: 0039 06 5813940

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