Collegio Russicum (Russian College) with Church S. Antonio Abate/ Sant'Andrea Catabarbara

"Collegio Russicum (Russian College) with Church S. Antonio Abate/ Sant'Andrea Catabarbara" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Friday 20th May 2011

Russian National Church (Chiesa Nazionale Russa) In Rome

Pontificio Collegio Russo (Russicum) was created by Pius XI in the moment of the hardest religious persecution in Soviet Russia, to prepare, by formation of the clergy specialized in Orthodox studies, the possibility to make contacts with that world when it will be possible.

The College 'Russicum' was built near St. Mary Major in Rome, and the Church of St. Antony the Great was given over to worship in the Russian Rite, with a college for seminarians built next door. (Today, the Pontifical Oriental Institute is on the other side of the Church from the Russicum College.)

The College itself known as the Russian College, or the 'Russicum', but its official title remains the 'College of St. Therese', and in the chapel used for the daily Liturgy there is a powerful icon of her on the Iconostasis in the place reserved for the patron of the place. It is a remarkable icon which conveys something quite extraordinary of her spiritual vision.

To the college is annexed an ancient Chiesa di S.Antonio Abate with the facade remade in 1933 and with the entrance door of 1269. Many centuries ago a hospice for pilgrims existed here, as always at every major basilica, it was called S.Andrea in Catabarbara. Some of the mosaics from the church belonging to the hospice are now conserved in "Russicum". This College 'Russicum/ Russian College is now Pontifical Oriental Institute (Collegio Russicum ora Pontificio Istituto Orientale).

S. Antonio Abate All’Esquilino was built in C.IV and later transformed in the church of “S. Andrea Cata Barbara”, it is situated on the area of the Roman basilica of Giunio Basso. The church of S. Antonio was founded in 1308 near its homonym hospital (1263-66), reconstructed in 1481 and changed many times until C.XVIII, when it finally obtained the actual neoclassic style. In 1928 the Holy See purchased the entire complex in order to build the Pontificio Collegio Russo (Russicum) (which later became the famous centre of soviet and oriental studies).

In 1932 Pio XI ordered works on the facade and the portal by Antonio Munoz, handing the church to the Jesuit fathers of the Russicum College. The facade keeps the majestic Romanesque portal (c. 1262-66), the sole testimony of the ancient hospital. The interior, with eight-century designs, has a three nave plan divided by pilasters. The church, modified in order to perform the orthodox rite, presents a partition with three doors. In the centre one finds the “Royal Door”, open only in the solemn moments of the celebrations. At the beginning of the right wing nave one meets with the chapel dedicated to S.Teresa (Domenico Fontana, 1583), with eighteenth-century stuccoes. The drum of the dome was frescoed by Nicolò Cirignani (1585). It is the Russian National Church (Chiesa Nazionale Russa) In Rome.

Collegio Russicum (Russian College) with Church S. Antonio Abate/ Sant'Andrea Catabarbara
Via Carlo Alberto, 2a (Piazza S. Maria Maggiore, 7)
00185, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Esquilino (Termini-Via Nazionale) (Roma centro)
Collegio Russicum (Russian College) with Church S. Antonio Abate/ Sant'Andrea Catabarbara is Shown By "Map F Zone" As "21"
Bus: 71
Underground Metro: Metro A - fermata Vittorio Emanuele
Contact - Russian College (Pontifical Oriental Institute (Collegio Russicum ora Pontificio Istituto Orientale)
Tel: +39-06.447.41.7109
Fax: +39-06.446.55.76

Contact - Church S. Antonio Abate/ Sant'Andrea Catabarbara
Hours: Saturday 18:30-20:00 Sunday 09:30-11:00
Telephone: 0039 06 4486981
Fax: 0039 06 4463050, 6-

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