Farnese Gardens on the Palatine Hill (Orti Farnesiani sul Monte Palatino)

"Farnese Gardens on the Palatine Hill (Orti Farnesiani sul Monte Palatino)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 29th June 2011

In the 16th century on the initiative of the Cardinal Alessandro Farnese a grand villa (Orti Farnesiani) was built on the Domus Tiberiana. The villa was almost completely destroyed later. These Farnese Gardens were realized by Vignola for the cardinal Alessandro Farnese, grandson of pope Paul III in 1520-1589, as a reconstruction in form of a garden, of the plan of the Palazzo di Tiberio, which territory is occupied by them.

Farnese Gardens on the Palatine Hill
Paul III had them decorated with the statues transferred from the surrounding area. Being "gardens", but not a "villa", there was now an appropriate residence palace; nevertheless, some time later, it was created by joining of two previous aviaries. In 1860 the gardens were acquired by Napoleon III who ordered excavation works here.

The gardens, designed by Vignola were among the earliest botanical gardens in Europe, featuring many rare plants. He was also commissioned to design part of the Chiesa del Gesu displaying the Farnese Cardinal’s name on the façade. The garden was connected to the Roman Forum via several flights of stairs.

The Farnese Gardens on the Palatine Hill (Orti Farnesiani sul Monte Palatino), overlooking the Forum and near the Arch of Titus was divided into the classic style of quadrants with a well or a fountain at its centre, deriving from the design of the Roman peristilium palaces of the area, as re-created by the noted architect Vignola.

Systematic excavations were started in the 18th century in the area and are still in progress today. Part of the findings are visible to the public in the Museo Palatino (Palatine Museum).

Address:
Farnese Gardens on the Palatine Hill (Orti Farnesiani sul Monte Palatino)
Via di San Gregorio, 30
00186 , Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Campitelli (Foro Romano- Campidoglio-P.Venezia) (Roma centro)
Farnese Gardens on the Palatine Hill (Orti Farnesiani sul Monte Palatino) is Shown By "Map K Zone" As "27"

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