Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain), Rome

"Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain), Rome" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 11th January 2012

Trevi Fountain at Piazza di Trevi, Rome

Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain) is one of the most famous sights of Rome, and of the most successful monuments built in Rome in the 18th century. The fountain was built under Clement XII in 1732-1762 by the project of N.Salvi (finished after Salvi's death by Giuseppe Pannini), who's project was chosen among other 16. The statue of the Ocean is by P.Bracci (1762), the rest of the sculptures and decorative elements were executed by various sculptors. The fountain occupies entire side of Palazzo Poli and is 20m wide and 26m high.

Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain) building
Fig: Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain) building

Earlier it was the setting for the award-winning "Three Coins in the Fountain" motion picture, ensuring its popularity worldwide. Designed by Nicola Salvi for Pope Clemente XII, it was completed in the second half of the 1700s. The statues in the centre represent Neptune supported by Tritons on either side while rococo-style Poli Palace provides the perfect backdrop. You can already hear its presence from the nearby streets. Indeed, as you get nearer the sound of its gushing waters grows constantly more intense, reaching a crescendo in the square, where you will find the most breathtaking sight. Suddenly, the space seems to open out and you stand before a symbolic representation of this great force of nature, a tumultuous spring that seems to flow out of the ground.

gathering in front of Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain)
Fig: gathering in front of Fontana
di Trevi (Trevi Fountain)

Two giant tritons conduct the winged chariot of Neptune-Ocean. In the side niches are figures of Health (right) and Abundance (left), both by F.Della Valle; the bas-reliefs above represent the virgin of the legend pointing out the spring to the soldiers, and Agrippa, approving the plans for the aqueduct. The four statues above represent the Seasons with their gifts. At the summit is the coat-of-arms of the Corsini family, with two allegorical figures.

The light and shade effects on the marble make the wind seem to bellow through the drapes and locks of the statues, agitating the waves, creating an extraordinarily intense and spectacular scene. In this Baroque creation, the architecture itself seems to come alive with the current of the revitalizing waters. In the year 19 BC a virgin located a source of pure water just outside the city of Rome. The Roman technicians marked this spot as the terminal point of the Aqua Virgo that led its waters to the Baths of Agrippa. Known two thousand years later as the Trevi Fountain, it is the largest baroque fountain in the extensive city of Rome today. This impressive monument dominates the small Trevi square located in the Quirinale district.

Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain) - night view, light and shade effects on the marble
Fig: Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain) -
night view, light and shade effects on the marble

Even the palace in the background blends perfectly with the composition and the game of space and mass gives an air of movement to the entire statue. The central feature of the monument is a chariot in the shape of a shell, drawn by seahorses with Triton as their guide. Standing 25.9 meters (85 feet) high and 19.8 meters (65 feet) wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world.

The fountain constitutes the terminal fountain of the Acqua Vergine, the aqueduct built by Agrippa – general, son in law and collaborator of Augustus – to feed his thermae at the Pantheon, inaugurated in 19 BC. According to a legend handed on by Plinius the Elder and by Frontinus, the name of the aqueduct comes from a young girl (virgo), who indicated the location of the spring to Agrippa’s soldiers. Seriously damaged by the Goths in 537 and restored a first time in 790, the restoration of the aqueduct was commissioned in 1453 by Nicholas the Fifth Parentucelli (1447-1455) to Leon Battista Alberti and BernardoRossellino. On this occasion a new fountain was built and restored by Giacomo della Porta in 1563. It consisted of a rectangular pond leaning against a supporting wall that bore an inscription with the coats of arms of Nicholas the Fifth and of the Municipality. A new fountain was commissioned to Gian Lorenzo Bernini in 1640 by Urban the Eighth Barberini (1623-1644). The projects presented by Bernini were not carried out, probably due to the high costs, but it was decided all the same to change the orientation of the fountain that was turned towards Piazza dei Crociferi. Bernini built two concentric circular ponds, leaning against a concave exedra. A long wash-tub that was next to the fountain was moved later to Piazza del Lavatore. At this point the works were interrupted due to the high costs incurred by the papacy for the war against Castro. After various projects that were never carried out, the fountain was finally rebuilt in 1732 under Clement the Twelfth Corsini (1730-1740) according to a project by Nicola Salvi. The works were continued by Giuseppe Pannini after Salvi’s death (1751) and lasted until 1762, when the fountain was finally inaugurated by Clement the Thirteenth Rezzonico (1758-1769). Pannini made changes to Salvi’s original project, the most important of which consists of the three basins below the statue of Ocean sculpted by Pietro Bracci.

sorrounding the Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain)
Fig: sorrounding the Fontana
di Trevi (Trevi Fountain)

Previously here was a simple fountain by L.B.Alberti placed by Nicolas V to celebrate the realization of his project which consisted in reactivation of ancient aqueduct of Agrippa, Acqua Vergine, 20km long and bringing to Rome one of the purest waters in the world. The name "Vergine" (Virgin) derives from the history of its discovering by a little girl in 19 b.C., who showed the water source to the Roman soldiers. The Acqua Vergine also feeds the fountains of Piazza Navona, Piazza di Spagna and Piazza Farnese.

Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain) statue
Fig: Fontana di Trevi
(Trevi Fountain) statue

The name "Trevi" may come from "tre vie", i.e. "three streets", referring to the three roads converging here.

There is a tradition that every visitor has to through a coin to the fountain (standing with the back facing the fountain) if they want to return to Rome one more time. This cute superstition comes from an ancient custom when pilgrims were leaving the coins on the tomb of St Peter. The money from the fountain is collected periodically and donated to the Italian Red Cross.

Address:
Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain)
Piazza di Trevi
00187, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Trevi (Quirinale-Tritone-Barberini) (Roma centro)
Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain) is Shown By "Map E Zone" As "58"

You can reach Piazza di Trevi By the following Bus Station:
(Know before you go: Rome Bus stops, Bus Lines, Signs, Color, etc.)
Bus: 52 - 53 - 61- 62 - 71 - 80 - 95 - 116 - 116T - 119 - 175 - 204 fest - 492 - 590 - 630

Closest Underground Metro stations near Piazza di Trevi: (Get an idea of : Rome Underground METRO Lines System and Trains)
METRO A BARBERINI, Barberini (piazza), 10, 217 mt. away
METRO A REPUBBLICA, Della Repubblica (piazza), 55, 397 mt. away
METRO A SPAGNA, Della Trinita' Dei Monti (piazza), 3, 409 mt. away
METRO B CAVOUR, Visconti Venosta (largo), 228, 520 mt. away
METRO B TERMINI, dei cinquecento (piazza), 84, 531 mt. away
METRO B COLOSSEO, Del Colosseo (piazza), 1, 542 mt. away
METRO A TERMINI, piazza dei cinquecento, 1, 637 mt. away
METRO A LEPANTO, Lepanto (via), 1, 899 mt. away
METRO A FLAMINIO, Piazzale Flaminio (Piazzale), 901 mt. away

Closest Railway stations near Piazza di Trevi:
STAZIONE TERMINI, Dei Cinquecento (piazza), 1, 637 mt. away
ROMAPANTANO TERMINI LAZIALI, Giovanni Giolitti (via), 64, 898 mt. away
STAZIONE FLAMINIO, Di Villa Ruffo (via), 1, 962 mt. away
ROMALIDO PORTA SAN PAOLO, piazzale ostiense, 1, 1.0 km. away
STAZIONE TRASTEVERE, Flavio Biondo (piazza), 1, 1.1 km. away
ROMAPANTANO S.BIBIANA, Giovanni Giolitti (via), 160, 1.1 km. away

Closest Tourist Information Points near Piazza di Trevi:
Fontana di Trevi, Via Minghetti, 54 mt. away
Navona, Piazza delle Cinque Lune, 340 mt. away
Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Via Nazionale 194, 378 mt. away
Visitor Center Fori Imperiali, Via dei Fori Imperiali, 426 mt. away
Trastevere, Piazza Sonnino, 604 mt. away
Stazione Termini, Piazza dei Cinquecento, 607 mt. away
Santa Maria Maggiore, Via dell'Olmata, 611 mt. away
Castel Sant'Angelo, Piazza Pia, 690 mt. away

Getting To Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain) at Piazza di Trevi From Church/ Chiesa dei Crociferi (Santa Maria in Trivio) - Madonna del Pozzo at Piazza dei Crociferi:
Departure from roma piazza dei crociferi , 1
walk 50 meters
to roma piazza di trevi , 1
distance covered (metres) 50 meters.

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