"Foro di Cesare (Forum of Caesar)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 11th May 2011
This Foro di Cesare (Forum of Caesar) was the first one of the five Imprial Fora, built in 51-41 b.C. by Julius Caesar after the conquering of Gaul, which supplied this construction with the needed financial resources. It was located on a square of circa 160m x 75m. On the short northern side of it was erected a Tempio di Venere Genitrice (Temple of Venus Genetrix), from whom Julius Caesar claimed descent. It contained a statue of the Goddess and a collection of paintings in its portico. The base of the temple survived till our days, and three of its Corinthian columns were re-erected.
The temple was reconstructed under Traian, who added Basilica Argentaria, or exchange building, and five large shops over which was an extensive public lavatory (remains are still visible). In the center of Fortum was an imposing equestrian statue of Ceasar in gilded bronze.
The Forum wasn't used for commercial activity, but used as a meeting place for dealings in public affairs as well as the noblest activities that were before held in the Roman Forum. The choice of the Forum site is also significant: the future dictator didn't want to be far from the central power, represented in the Curia, seat of the Senate. In fact, not long before Caesar's death, the Senate agreed to reconstruct the Curia on the site.
The rich architectural decoration of the Temple of Venus Genetrix, re-erected by Trajan, was reconstructed based on both historical sources (over the ages this decoration has recorded magnificence) and recovered fragments found during the 1930's excavation- recently renovated and systematized inside the tabernae.
Foro di Cesare (Forum of Caesar)
Via dei Fori Imperiali (Clivo Argentario)
00186, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Campitelli (Foro Romano- Campidoglio-P.Venezia) (Roma centro)
Foro di Cesare (Forum of Caesar) is Shown By "Map E Zone" As "133"
Bus: H - 40 - 60 - 64 - 70 - 117 - 170/ 60 - 75 - 85 - 87 - 117 - 175 - 186 - 810 - 850
Underground Metro: Metro B Fermata Colosseo