"Foro di Traiano (Forum of Trajan)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Thursday 12th May 2011
It is the most recent and most grandiose of five Imperial Fora. The big part of it is covered by different modern constructions and streets built over in the centures. While the Fora of other emperors had supplimentary functions, the Forum of Traian became the real center of political and administrative life of Rome, moved here from the old Roman Forum. Here for the first time after the ancient basilicas Emilia and Giulia, was erected a basilica for negotiation of public affairs: Basilica Ulpia.
Construction of the Forum continued from 107 until 113 A.D. by design of A.of Damascus in the form of rectangle 118m by 89m. Here was the mentioned above Basilica Ulpia, two libraries (Greek and Latin) with the Traian's Column between them, a Temple of Traian, and a commercial zone named Mercati di Traiano. The Forum was bordered by a large rectangular portico and had in the middle of it a colossal equestrian statue of emperor Traian in gilded bronze, which was considered a wonder of the epoch. The entrance was from the south under the solemn arch with the gilded bronze triumphal quadriga of six horses on its top.
This Forum was one of the biggest in Rome. One of its symbols is the Traiano Column, a 1000 feet tall decorated monument to recall the emperor Traiano’s campaigns. On this same place there used to be a two floors Market, the Basilica Ulpia and two libraries. During the time of the construction, several other projects took place: The Markets of Trajan were constructed, Caesar's Forum (where the Basilica Argentaria was built), and the Temple of Venus Genetrix were renovated. The imperial visit and the landmarks of the forum were described by historian Ammianus Marcellinus.
In modern times only a section of the markets and the column of Trajan remain. A number of columns which historically formed the Basilica Ulpia remained on site, and have been re-erected. The construction of the Via dei Fori Imperiali in 1933 covered a number of these columns, which remain visible under the arches on which the road runs. In the mid-9th century, the marble cobble blocks of the piazza were systematically taken for re-use, because of the good quality of the lime. At the same time, the pavement was restored in wrought as a sign that the piazza was still in use as a public space.
Close to Santa Prassede, Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, Teatro dell'Opera di Roma, Colosseum and Roman Forum. The monument is partly visible from Via dei Fori Imperiali near Trajan's Column.
Foro di Traiano (Forum of Trajan)
Foro Traiano, 1
Via dei Fori Imperiali
00186, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Monti (Colosseo-S.Giovanni-S.Maria Maggiore) (Roma centro)
Foro di Traiano (Forum of Trajan) is Shown By "Map E Zone" As "136"