Via Garibaldi [Roman Latrine (Latrina romana) & Garibaldi Mausoleum (Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino)]

"Via Garibaldi [Roman Latrine (Latrina romana) & Garibaldi Mausoleum (Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino)]" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Monday 30th May 2011

The modern via Garibaldi connects the ancient via delle Fornaci and via di S.Pietro in Montorio, which was open by Pius IX in 1867. Via Garibaldi arrives till the piazza di S.Cosimato.

Via Garibaldi, Rome

Roman Latrine (Latrina romana) at Via Garibaldi

When part of the supporting wall of the square opposite St. Pietro in Montorio collapsed in October of 1963, the ruins of an antique Roman latrine were exposed. Only two walls of the ruins in different styles, facing northwest-southeast, perpendicular to each other and broken at the ends, are preserved. The construction of the supporting wall, erected in 1605, when the entrance to the church was also restored, evidently caused the loss of the eastern side and damaged the other wall structures.

A canal, about 0.40m wide and 0.80m deep, runs along the remaining three sides. The plane where the canal flows is bipedal and the sides are covered in a type of earthen mixture (cocciopesto). The mosaic floor, geometrically patterned, is far from the walls to allow space for the canal. Another smaller channel used for cleaning once ran alongside and it can only be slightly discerned. Marble seats, called sellae pertusae, were usually placed above the water flow in the drainage canal, where holes were bored in the upper part for their use. No such objects however remain.

Therefore, it is therefore assumed that a series of movable tablets, set on supports and probably placed on jutting sections, of which two can still be seen on the western wall, were used as seats. The same explanation has been offered concerning the ancient lavatories, both public and private, at Pompei, the Italian agora at Delo, the villa delle Settefinestre (Grossetto) and in Brittany. On the left wall at the back, near the western wall, a lintel suggests the presence of a doorway, now closed off, leading to a second, not yet excavated, room. On this side, the painted plaster has been noticeably damaged by work done on the foundation of the supporting wall of the square above.

The northern part of the mosaic floor was thus demolished, damaging the drainage canal and created space for two large cement pilasters that were added to the northern wall. On the west side there is still a wide section of the walls still partly lined with plaster. The frescoed decorations have a regular pattern. Similar to the contemporary examples (like those that can be seen at the domus of via Eleniana and in the villa under the apse of the basilica at San Giovanni in Laterano), the painting style indicates that the latrine may have been built during the last decades of the second, or early third, century AD.

Garibaldi Mausoleum (Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino) at Via Garibaldi

Visible from the San Pietro in Montorio Church, just up the Gianicolo (or Janiculum) Hill, is Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino, a starkly fascist monument erected in 1941 to enclose the remains of Goffredo Mameli, the composer of the Italian national anthem.

In 1879 a mausoleum was built in Piazza San Pietro in Montorio to house the mortal remains of Garibaldi’s troops who fell while defending Rome against French forces in 1849, and during the insurrections of 1868 and 1870. The monument was demolished in 1941 when the one currently visible was built on Via Garibaldi by Giovanni Jacobucci. The architect later enlarged the structure to accommodate the fallen in the struggles against the Nazis in September 1943. The new mausoleum has a square plan with three arches on each side, and is enclosed by a transenna fence. In the centre there is a granite altar on which some Roman allegorical figures are depicted. The crypt contains slabs with the names of the fallen and a sarcophagus containing the mortal remains of Goffredo Mameli.

Museum of the Roman Republic and Garibaldi Memorial - monument complex of Porta San Pancrazio (Museo della Repubblica Romana e della memoria garibaldina)

For the 150th anniversary of the Unification of Italy, the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, the Department for Culture and Communication and the Superintendent of Cultural Heritage of Rome, have seen the opening of a new museum dedicated the 1849 Roman Republic.

Housed inside the San Pancrazio gateway in the Janiculum walls, the museum contains two collections documenting the historical continuity of the Risorgimento (the wars for the unification of Italy) with the Italian resistance of World War II. Besides the many relics of Giuseppe Garibaldi, of his wife Anita and of their children, there are also testimonies of the Italian soldiers of the Venezia and Taurinese divisions who, being in Yugoslavia at the time the armistice with the Allied forces was declared on 8 September 1943, did not surrender to the German troops there but created the “Divisione Italiana Partigiana Garibaldi”.
Museum of the Roman Republic and Garibaldi Memorial - monument complex of Porta San Pancrazio, Via Garibaldi
The project aims to create a place dedicated to this important historical event in Porta San Pancrazio, which, besides being an evocative place for its history and location, will become a privileged standpoint of the historical and monumental Janiculum (Busts of famous men; Monument to Giuseppe Garibaldi; Monument to Anita, Ossuary of Fallen Garibaldini, Faro) and a connection to the other sites dedicated to the history of the Risorgimento in Rome (Napoleonic Museum, Museo di Roma in Palazzo Braschi; Central Museum of the Risorgimento, Museo di Roma in Trastevere).

Here you will find collections of Busts, paintings, carvings and relics of the Garibaldini, as well as a scale model and a rich media unit, guide the visitor to discover the places, dates and the main protagonists of those years of great political ferment. It is possible to look back at the events that led, from the European uprisings of 1848 and through the liberal papacy of Pius IX, to the pope’s flight to Gaeta and the proclamation of the Roman Republic until its tragic end in July 1849. The tour ends by showing the legacy of Garibaldi and his tradition.

Address:
Via Garibaldi [Roman Latrine (Latrina romana) & Garibaldi Mausoleum (Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino)]
Largo di Porta San Pancrazio,
Via Garibaldi, Via Garibaldi, sotto piazza, San Pietro In Montorio [Roman Latrine (Latrina romana)]
Via Garibaldi, 29/e [Garibaldi Mausoleum (Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino)]
00153, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Trastevere (Gianicolo) (Roma centro)
Via Garibaldi [Roman Latrine (Latrina romana) & Garibaldi Mausoleum (Mausoleo Ossario Garibaldino)] is Shown By "Map G Zone" As "18"
Bus: Bus line n° 870; Shuttle bus from the Gianicolo (or Janiculum) every 15 minutes.
Garibaldi Mausoleum Hours and Contact: Tuesday-Sunday: 9.00 am - 1.00 pm; Closed: Monday and August. Notes: The monument is open also on February 9 (declaration of the Roman Republic) and July 6 (anniversary of Goffredo Mameli's death). Telephone: 06 67103407 - 67102967
Roman Latrine Hours and Contact: Visit upon request. Telephone booking from Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 1 pm. Tel. 06.6710.3819. Website: http://www.sovraintendenzaroma.it/i_luoghi/roma_antica/monumenti/latrina...

More details Contact:

Museum of the Roman Republic and Garibaldi Memorial - monument complex of Porta San Pancrazio (Museo della Repubblica Romana e della memoria garibaldina)
Largo di Porta San Pancrazio - 00153 Roma
Opening hours: Tuesday-Friday: 10.00 am – 2.00 pm (limited admission every 45 minutes; last admission 1 hour before closing time; Booking required for schools and groups; Saturday-Sunday and Holidays: 10.00 am – 6.00 pm (Last admission ½ hour before closing time;Booking required for groups only; December 24 and 31: 9.00 am – 2.00 pm; Closed Closed: Monday, January 1, May 1, December 25.
Tickets: Adults: € 5,50; Concessions: € 4,50; Roman Citizens only (by showing a valid ID): Adults: € 4,50; Concessions: € 3,50;
Telephone booking - Groups: tel. +39 060608 (daily from 9.00 am to 9.00 pm), booking fee: € 25,00. School groups: tel. +39 0642888888 (Monday-Friday: 9.00 am – 6.00 pm, Saturday: 9.00 am - 1.00 pm. Reserve and avoid the line. Buy ticket online: http://www.romapass.it/
Tel.: +39 060608 (daily from 9.00 am to 9.00 pm)
Website: http://en.museodellarepubblicaromana.it/

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