Famous Ancient Romans

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "A"

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "A" List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "A" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons, Famous Ancient Romans in Rome (Roma) history Acquaviva, Francesco (Naples 1665-Rome-1725) he was consecrated bishop by Innocent XII in 1697, became a cardinal of San Bartolomeo all'Isola in 1706; Philip V nominated Acquaviva his representative at the Holy...

Great Italian Historical Personalities Listed Alphabetically - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons

Great Italian Historical Personalities Listed Alphabetically The list of Great Italian Historical Personalities and Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons are Listed Alphabetically (Given Names in Alphabetical Order)

A.Albani

Albani, Alessandro (Urbino 1692-Rome 1779) Italian cardinal, nephew of Clement XI, extraordinary ambassador of pope in Vienna in 1720. He became a cardinal under Innocent XIII. He was the main author of the concordat between the Holy See and Vittorio Amedeo II in 1727. He was a maecenas an protector of arts, collected a considerable number of artistic treasures, erected a...

Acquaviva, Francesco

(Naples 1665-Rome-1725) he was consecrated bishop by Innocent XII in 1697, became a cardinal of San Bartolomeo all'Isola in 1706; Philip V nominated Acquaviva his representative at the Holy See and cardinal-protector of Spain.

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

Scaurus, Marcus Aemilius (163-89 b.C.) Roman politician (a leader of conservative senatorial aristocrats) and general, a husband of Caecilia Metella. Scaurus was born into an impoverished patrician family and acquired wealth in business before entering public life. He became a consul in 115, and in the same year defeated Ligurians and Carnians (Alpine tribes), for which was...

Aeneas

Legend Classical myth. Trojan prince from the Royal family, the son of Anchises and Aphrodite (Venus). He escaped with his father and son Ascanius (Julus) the sack of Troy and sailed to Italy via Carthage and Sicily. After seven years of roaming in numerous countries, where he founded the new cities and temples dedicated to the cult of his mother, he and his followers...

Aeschines

Aeschines Biography (390- 314 b.C) Athenian orator and a bitter political opponent of the statesman Demosthenes. Aeschines was brought up in humble circumstances, and tried numerous professions (like tragic actor) before his political career had begun. In 346 b.C. he was a member of the embassies to Philip II that resulted in the peace of Philocrates between Athens and Macedonia. During...

Aesculapius

Greek ASKLEPIOS, Latin AESCULAPIUS, Greco-Roman god of medicine, son of Apollo (god of healing, truth, and prophecy) and the nymph Coronis. The Centaur Chiron taught him the art of healing. At length Zeus (the king of the gods), afraid that Asclepius might render all men immortal, slew him with a thunderbolt. Homer, in the Iliad, mentions him only as a skillful physician; in...

Alaric

Alaric (modern Romania, 370 - modern Cosenza, Italy, 410 A.D.) king of the Visigoths from 395, who served under the Roman emperor Theodosius I, but later invaded Greece and Italy, sacking Rome in 410, an event that symbolized the fall of the Western Roman Empire. A nobleman by birth, Alaric served for a time as commander of Gothic troops in the Roman army, but shortly after...

Alcaeus

Alcaeus (Mytilene, Lesbos, 620 b.C. - 580 b.C.) Greek lyric poet who wrote hymns, love songs, and political odes. His work was highly esteemed in the ancient world. A collection of Alcaeus' surviving poems in 10 books (only some 150 fragments survived until now) was made in the 2nd century b.C., and he was a favourite model of the Roman lyric poet Horace, who adapted from him...

Alcibiades

Alcibiades Alcibiades (Athens 450 b.C.- Phrygia, in modern Turkey, 404 b.C.), Athenian statesman, brilliant and courageous general. He provoked the sharp political antagonisms at Athens that was the main cause of Athens' defeat by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War in 431- 404 b.C.. He was born in a noble wealthy family, but at the age of 5 remained orphan, as his father, commander of the...

Aldobrandini, Pietro

(Rome 1571-1621) a son of the brother of the pope Clement VIII and his state secretary; he conducted the negotiations and abilitation of Henry IV and negotiated joining of the city of Ferrara to the Pontifical State; elected cardinal in 1593 and nominated archbishop of Ravenna in 1604. The famous poet Tasso dedicated to him "Discorsi del poema eroico".

Alexander III the Great

(Pella, Macedonia 356 b.C. - Babylon, June 13, 323 b.C.) king of Macedonia (336-323 b.C.), who conquered Greece in 336, Egypt in 331, and the Persian Empire in 328, and founded Alexandria. He is known as Alexander III, Alexander the Great, Alessandro Magno, or Alexander of Macedonia. Already in his lifetime he became the subject of fabulous stories, and later the hero of a...

Amadeus of Savoy

(Turin 1845-1890) 1st duke of Aosta and king of Spain; the 3rd son of Vittorio Emanuele II and Maria Adelaide d'Absburgo-Lorena. He took part in a battle of Custoza (1866) and received a military golden medal. In 1869 he became an Admiral and next year accepted the crown of Spain as a consequence of expulsion of Isabella II and Bourbon's dynasty in 1868.

Ancus Marcius

The 4th legendary king of Rome, who ruled probably since 640 until 616 b.C., dedicating himself mostly to maintainance of peace and religious education. According to a tradition he wrote the rules of religious rites and enlarged Rome by adjoining of little lating settlements located around it. He founded the port of Ostia, built ponte Sublicio (a bridge over Tiber), aqueduct...