Famous Ancient Romans

Aristotle

(384-322 b.C.) Greek philosopher; pupil of Plato, tutor of Alexander the Great, and founder of the Peripatetic school at Athens; author of works on logic, ethic, politics, rhetoric, biology, zoology, and metaphysics. His works influenced Muslim philosophy and science and medieval scholastic philosophy.

Arnaldo da Brescia

He was a religious reformator who lived in 11-12th centuries. Arnaldo was in conflict with the Ortodox beliefs, but admited his mistakes infront of the pope Eugenius III, who sent him in pilgrimage from Viterbo to Rome. Here he met the support of the antipapal Senate and organized the commune, in which he was preaching the reform of the ecclesiastic customs. The other pope...

G.Alberoni

Giulio Alberoni (Piacenza, May 21, 1664- Piacenza, June 16, 1752), Italian statesman, cardinal and Prime Minister of Spain, who was one of the main characters in the revival of that nation after the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). He was a son of gardener, and received a religious Jesuit education in his hometown. In 1698 he was appointed a canon at Parma. In 1702...

M.V.Agrippa

M.V.Agrippa Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius (63-12 b.C.) Roman general and politician, friend and chief adviser of Augustus. His was originally from a simple family, and from the very arrival of Octavian (Augustus) in Rome, was his supporter. He was one of the main characters in construction of the new regime, especially in the military sphere. Agrippa's wise decisions brought Romans to...

St Agnes

The name of this saint means "lamb" from Greek. According to the legend a son of the Roman prefect tried to seduce this girl at the age of 12 but without success; for this reason he denounced her as the one belonging to the Christian community. Christianity was persecuted in those times (rule or of emperor Detius, or Valerian, or Diocletian), so Agnes was automatically...

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "B"

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "B" Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons Started with "B" Baccelli, Guido (Rome 1832-1916) Italian medical doctor; professor of legal medicine and ... Barbaro, Daniele (Venice 1514-1570) Italian historian and scientist. Official historian and ambassador in England of Venetian Republic. Barberini, Antonio (Florence 1569-Rome 1646) brother of Maffeo (pope Urban...

Antonio Barberini

(Florence 1569-Rome 1646) brother of Maffeo (pope Urban VIII). He was brought to Rome nearly by force from the Capuchins convent, and here was made a cardinal. But Antonio continued to live almost as a poor, helping churches and other religious institution.

Bernis

(Saint-Marcel-d'Ardeche, 1715 - Rome 1794) French minister and diplomate. At the age of 29 years he was elected an academician of France for some galant poesy; later he became a diplomate and was nominated an ambassador in Vienna in 1752-1755....

Bocconi

Ferdinando (Milan 1836-1908), Luigi (...-1900) Italian industrialists, founders of super stores Brothers Bocconi and a fashionable market Alle citta' d'Italia in Rome. In 1902 Ferdinando founded in Milan the University of commerce named after his son Luigi Bocconi (1869-1896) died at military service. In 1906 Ferdinando was nominated senator. The sons who continued his work...

Camillo Borghese

(1775-1832) a son of Marcantonio IV, an officer of Nepoleon's army; married in 1803 Pauline Bonaparte, a sister of Napoleon and widow of general Leclerc. In 1804 he received a royal title and in 1806 received a dukedome and a prince possessions of Guastalla, that later were incorporated in Italian kingdom. In 1807-1814 he was a governor of trans-alpine departments with a...

Cesare Baronio

(Sora, Frosinone, 1538-Rome 1607) Italian cardinal and historian. His real name was Barone, but was litinazide and became Baronius, and later was transformed into Baronio. He became a priests against the will of his father and was a pupil of St Philip Neri, of who he was a successor as a head of Roman Oratory in 1593...

Charles III Bourbon

(1490-1527), count of Montpensier, of Forez, of Mercoeur and of Clermont, Dauphin of Alvernia, named the constable of Bourbon (1501-1527); the duke of Bourbon and of Alvernia (1503-1527), constable of France, the 2nd child of Gilbert of Bourbon and Chiara Gonzaga.

Francesco Barberini

(Rome 1662-1738), great grandson of Urban VIII, cardinal (1690), legate in Ravenna, bishop of Ostia (1726) and prefect of the bishops' congregation. He was the last famous member of the family Barberini which went out to the family of Colonna in the beginning of XVIII century.

George Gordon Byron

(1788-1824) British Romantic poet, noted also for his passionate and disastrous love affairs. His major works include Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (1812-1818), and Don Juan (1819-1824). He spent much of his life abroad and died while fighting for Greek independence.

Giacomo Boni

(Venice 1859-Rome1925) Italian archeologist. After studies of architecture in the Academy of Fine Arts in Venice, he dedicated himself to exploration and studies of the ancient world. Boni conducted successful excavations, based on the analysis of the ground levels; among them the most important and rich was excavation of the Roman Forum begun in 1898 and directed till his...