Famous Ancient Romans

Giovanni Bessarione

(Trebisonda 1403-Ravenna 1472) Bizantine humanist and cardinal. He was a monk and arch-bishop of Nicea, in 1438 went to Ferrara and Florence for the council. He was participating in the attempt to unite the church of East and West. In 1439 became a cardinal and worked as a diplomat for Eugenius IV, Pius II and Paul II, especially occupied in organization of the Crusade against...

Giovanni Borgi

(Rome 1732-1798) Italian benefactor. He was named Tata Giovanni, i.e. Dad Giovanni, because being a simple old bricklayer he picked numerous children abandoned by their parents from the streets of Rome and taught them his profession. Thanks to he help of Pius VI he could found a hospice for orphans which took his name.

Guido Baccelli

(Rome 1832-1916) Italian medical doctor; professor of legal medicine and pathology, founder of the Polyclinic Umberto I in Rome and a specialized magazine; he was a depute, from 1874 was elected a minister of public education (1880-1884, 1893-1896, 1898-1900), and then a minister of agriculture, industry and trade (1901-1903)....

Hans Burckhardt

(Nieder-Haslach, near Strasbourg, circa 1450 - Rome 1506) German reviews' writer and liturgist. He was a specialist in ceremonies and liturgy and in 1483 became a maestro of papal ceremonies serving five popes: Sixtus IV, Innocent VIII, Alexander VI, Pius III and Julius II; he didn't leave this work even after he was nominated the bishop of Civita Castellana and of Orte in...

Luigi Braschi-Onesti

(Cesena 1745-Rome 1816) duke of Nemi, pontifical politician. He was a son of marquis Girolamo Onesti and nephew of Pius VI; negotiated in 1797 the Treaty of Tolentino with Napoleon, representing pontifical government; and in 1810 became a mayor of Rome. He had Palazzo Braschi (in Rome) built.

Maria Letizia Bonaparte

(Ajaccio 1750-Rome 1836) a mother of Napoelon I. She was of an ancient Corsican family and married Carlo Maria Bonaparte at the age of 14. In 1785 she became widow, and in 1793 run away to Marsiglia, but three years later settled in Paris. In 1814 she accompanied Napleon to the island of Elba, and after Waterloo moved to Rome for good. She always conducted modest style of life...

Maria Paola Bonaparte

(Ajaccio 1780-Florence 1825), princess Borghese, duchess of Guastalla, the 2nd sister of Napoleon I. In 1793 married a general Leclerc and followed him to San Domingo, from where returned as a widow (December 1802); in 1803 married a prince Camillo Borghese. Having received a duke-dome of Guastalla, she sold it to the kingdom of Italy in 1806, and after separation from her...

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "C"

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "C" Alphabetically Listing "C" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons Caesar Gaius Julius. 100-44 b.C., Roman general, statesman, and historian. He formed the first triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus (60), conquered Gaul (58-50), invaded Britain (55-54), mastered Italy (49), and defeated Pompey (46). As dictator of the Roman Empire (49-44) he destroyed the...

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "D"

Alphabetically Listing "D" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons Dali, Salvador (1904-1989) Spanish surrealist, panter Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) Italian poet famous for La Divina Commedia (1309-1320), an allegorical account of his journey through Hell, Purgatory and Paradise, guided by Virgil and his idealized love Beatrice. His other works include La...

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "E"

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "E" Alphabetically Listing "E" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons Elena, Queen of Italy (...-1952) Elena of Montenegro, married in 1896 Victor Emmanuel III, king of Italy Empedocles (490-430 b.C.) Greek philosopher and scientist, who held that the world is composed of four elements, air, fire, earth, and water, which are governed by the opposing...

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "F"

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "F" Alphabetically Listing "F" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons Farnese, Alessandro (Valentano, Viterbo, 1520-Rome 1589) he was nominated cardinal being very young; he ordered construction of splendid villa in Caprarola, finished construction of Palazzo Farnese in Rome and was a protector of artists and scholars (A.Caro, G.Della Casa, P.Bembo, G.Vassari...

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "G"

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "G" Alphabetically Listing "G" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) Italian mathematician, astronomer, and physicist. He discovered the isochronism of the pendulum and demonstrated that falling bodies of different weights descens at the same rate. He perfected the refracting telescope, which led to his discovery of Jupiter's...

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "H"

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "H" Alphabetically Listing "H" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons Hamilton, Gavin (Lanarkshire, Scotland, 1723 - Rome 1798) English painter active in Italy. Harvey, William (1578-1657) English physician who discovered the mechanism of blood circulation, expounded in "On the motion of the heart" (1628). Henry VII (1275-1313) Holy Roman Emperor in 1312-...

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "I"

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "I" Alphabetically Listing "I" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons Imperiali, Giuseppe Renato (Oria, Brindisi, 1651-Genoa 1737) a cardinal from 1690, a pontifical ambassador in Spain in 1711. He was not elected pope on the Conclave of 1730 due to Spanish opposition. He collected a rich library, lost at the auction in 1793. Inquisition a juducial...

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "J-K"

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "J-K" Alphabetically Listing "J-K" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons James I (1566-1625) king of England and Ireland in 1603-1625 and, as James VI, king of Scotland in 1567-1625, in succession to Elizabeth I of England and his mother, Mary Queen of Scots, respectively. He alienated Parliament by his assertion of the devine right of kings, his favourites, esp...