The name Umbria comes from the name of the ancient people Umbrians who before the Roman epoch lived on the territory of the region. The modern Umbria was formed immediately after the unification of Italy in 1860 from the division and distribution of the ex-pontifical state territory. In 1923 the region lost Sabina which was assigned to the province of Rieti in Latium.
The name Marche comes from the term marka which in ancient Germanic language meant "borderline". When this territory became the border of Holy Roman Empire (circa XI century), some of its zones became the feudal lands called Marche (sing. Marca, pl. Marche (it.)): marca of Fermo, marca of Camerino, marca of Ancona. So the whole region took the name meaning the land compound of...
The name Latium comes from the name of ancient people of Latins, ancestors of Romans.
Area: 17 205 sq.km (6640 sq.miles) (5.7%), population 5 241 000 inhabitants (8.8%), density 305 inhab./sq.km.
Lazio (Latin: Latium) is classified as being in the Centre territorial unit of Italy by the European Union, with a code of ITE. The modern descendant, the Italian Regione of Lazio,...
Southern Regions of Italy - Provinces and Main Towns
inhabitants of main town
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In the ancient times the region was called Samnium, in the Middle Ages it was denominated Aprutium. The origins of the modern name, Abruzzi, come from the devision of the territory by the French Buorbon administration in Closer Abruzzo and Further Abruzzo ("abruzzo"- sing., "abruzzi"-pl. (it.)). The region that we know now was born only in 1963, because from 1860 till this...
The name Molise (Mulhouse) was born in times of Frederick II (1194-1250). But only since 1963 the region became autonomous being before it the part of the territory called Abruzzi-Molise.
Area: 4 438 sq.km (1713 sq.miles) (1.5%), population: 330 000 inhabitants (0.6%), density of population: 75 inhab./sq.km.
Only in the second half of the XX century on the territory of...
The name Campania was given to this territory by Romans (campus = plain land) which indicated the plain zone of the region and later was spread on the whole of it.
Area: 13 595 sq.km (5248 sq.miles) (4.5%), population: 5 800 000 inhabitants (10.1%), density of population: 425 inhab./sq.km.
The main interventions of the human beings in the territory of the region took place...
The name Apulia was given to the region by Romans in times when it made a part of the Roman empire.
Area: 19 360 sq.km (7468 sq.miles) (6.4%), population 4 090 000 inhabitants (7.1%), density 210 inhab./sq.km.
From the very beginning of its history this region was a favourable place for human settlements inhabited already in the Palaeolithic ages. The Greeks were the first...
The ancient name of the region was Lucania coming from the name of ancient people Lucanians (lucus = forest). The modern name Basilicata was given to this region by Byzantines (basilikos = prince, governor). Area: 9 992 sq.km (3857 sq.miles) (3.3%), population: 610 000 inhabitants (1%), density of population: 61 inhab./sq.km.
The territory of Basilicata is not a place well...
The first name of the region was Brutium as it was occupied by the people named Brutians. Under the Byzantines the region was nominated Calabria. Should also be noticed that this was a birth place of the name Italia given first to the little part of the region.
Area: 15 080 sq.km (5821 sq.miles) (5.0%), population: 2 071 000 inhabitants (3.6%), density of population: 137...
Region of Sicily (Palermo) of Southern Regions.
Surface 3042 sq.km.; 43 communes; mostly mountainous and hilly relief (mountain Cammarata, 1580m high); agriculture, breeding and fishing.
Main centers: Canicatti', Licata, Menfi, Porto Empedocle, Sciacca, Casteltermini, Bivona.
Region of Piedmont (Turin) of Northern Regions.
Surface 3560 sq.km; 190 communes; mostly mountainous and hilly relief; agriculture, cattle breeding; industrial centers (Casale Monferrato, Novi Ligure, Ovada, Tortona, Valenza, Acqui).
Region of Marche (Ancona) In Central Regions.
Surface 1938 sq.km.; 49 communes; mostly hilly relief; agriculture, breeding fishing, industry (paper, shoes, cement, ceramics, oil-refineries.
Main centers: Senigallia, Loreto, Iesi, Fabriano, Osimo, Falconara Marittima, Castelfidardo.
Valle d'Aosta (Aosta) region of Northern Regions.
Valle d'Aosta is the smallest Italian region, situated on the Italian border with France and Switzerland.
The territory is mostly mountainous with the highest peaks in Europe (Monte Bianco, Cervino, Monte Rosa, Gran Paradiso) with beautiful green valleys on the sides of the long Dora Baltea river, a tributary of the largest...
Abruzzi (L'Aquila) region in Southern Italy.
Surface 5034 sq.km.; 108 communes; mountainous relief; agriculture, breeding, sweets' industry, marble caves.
Main centers: Avezzano, Sulmona, Scanno, Tagliacozzo, Celano, Roccaraso.