Geography - Map, Altimetrical zones of Region, Mountain, Hill, Plain Land, Islands, Lakes, Rivers, Climate..

"Geography - Map, Altimetrical zones of Region, Mountain, Hill, Plain Land, Islands, Lakes, Rivers, Climate.." submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Tuesday 10th January 2012

Italy map

Italy is a mountainous country, with the Alps as the northern boundary and the Apennine Mountains forming the backbone of the peninsula, but in between the two lies a large plain in the valley of the Po, the largest river in Italy, which flows 652 km (405 mi) eastward from the Cottian Alps to the Adriatic. Worldwide-known mountains in Italy are Matterhorn (Cervino), Monte Rosa, Gran Paradiso in the West Alps, and Bernina, Stelvio and Dolomites along the eastern side of the Alps.

The Apulia and the Southeastern Plains is the fifth land region. It is located in the heel of the boot-shaped Italian peninsula. This region has a lot of plateaus that end as cliffs at the Mediterranean Sea. It has a lot of farming room. Fishing is important along the coast of Italy. Bari and Taranto are the chief industrial centers.

Most of Italy's rivers drain either into the Adriatic Sea (like Po, Piave, Adige, Reno) or into the Thyrrenian (like Arno, Tiber and Volturno), though the waters from some border municipalities (Livigno in Lombardy, Innichen and Sexten in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol) drain into the Black Sea through the basin of the Drava, a tributary of the Danube, and the waters from the Lago di Lei in Lombardy drain into the North Sea through the basin of the Rhine.

Mountain Ranges: There are two major mountain ranges in Italy, the Alps and the Appennino or Apennines. The Alps, divided into regions called, from west to east the Occidentali, the Centrali, and the Orientali, border with France, Austria and Switzerland. The backbone of Italy is formed by the north-south trending Appennino chain. You may hear of the Dolomites, which are really part of the Alps, located in the regions of South Tyrol, Trentino and Belluno The highest point in Italy is Mont Blanc, in the alps at 15,770 feet.

Italy Geographical Map

Italy Geographical Map
Fig: Italy Geographical Map
(Click to view large)

Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia
Geographic coordinates: 42 50 N, 12 50 E
Map references: Europe
Land: 294,020 sq km
Water: 7,210 sq km
note: includes Sardinia and Sicily
Area Comparative: Slightly larger than Arizona

To help you with measures:

1 meter (m) = 39.37 inches = 3.2808 feet
1 kilometer (km) = 0.621 mile = 3280.8 feet
1 square meter (sq.m) = 1549.9 square inches = 1.196 square yards
1 square kilometer (sq.km) = 0.386 square mile = 247.1 acres

Territory 301 277 sq.km, population 60,221,211, density of the population 191 inh./sq.km Area: 301,225 sq. km. (116,303 sq. mi.); about the size of Georgia and Florida combined. Cities: Capital--Rome (pop. 2.8 million, 3.7 million metro). Other cities--Milan (1.3 million, 3.9 metro), Naples (975,000, 3 million metro), Turin (900,000, 2.1 million metro).

Altimetrical zones (sq.kms) (A subdivision of the national territory in homogeneous zones deriving from the aggregation of neighboring municipalities, normally built on the base of altimetric threshold values. Mountain, hill and plain altimetric zones are distinguished.)

Region Mountain Hill Plain Total
Piedmont 10 990 7 700 6 710 25 400
Valle d'Aosta 3 260 - - 3 260
Lombardy 9 670 2 970 11 220 23 860
Liguria 3 530 1 890 - 542
Trentino-Alto Adige 13 610 - - 13 610
Veneto 5 340 2 660 10 360 18 360
Emilia-Romagna 5 560 5 990 10 57 22 120
Tuscany 5 740 15 320 1 930 22 990
Umbria 2 480 5 980 - 8 460
Marche 3 020 6 670 - 9 690
Latium 4 490 9 280 3 430 17 200
Abruzzi 7 020 3 770 - 10 790
Molise 2 460 1 980 - 4 440
Campania 4 200 6 910 1 990 13 600
Apulia 2 90 8 760 10 300 19 350
Basilicata 4 680 4 510 800 9 990
Calabria 6 310 7 410 1 360 15 080
Sicily 6 250 15 820 3 640 25 710
Sardinia 3 290 16 350 4 450 24 090
Italia 106 030 125 490 69 750 301 270
The highest mountains (m)
M.Bianco (western Alps) 4 810
M.Rosa (central Alps) 4 633
M.Palla Bianca (eastern Alps) 3 736
M.Cimone (northern Apennines) 2 163
Gran Sasso d'Italia (central Apennines) 2 914
M.Pollino (southern Apennines) 2 248
Etna (Sicily) 3 340
P.ta La Marmora (Sardinia) 2 834
The greatest islands
(surface in sq.km)
The greatest lakes
Name Surface (km) Depth max (m)
Sicily 25 426 Garda 370 346
Sardinia 23 812 Maggiore 212.2 372
Elba
223
elba Como 145.9 410
Trasimento 128 6
Bolsena 114.5 146
S.Antioco
109
santioco Iseo 65.3 251
Varano 60.5 6
Pantelleria
83
pantelleria Bracciano 57.5 160
Lesina 51.4 2
S.Pietro
51
spietro Lugano 50.5 288
Omodeo 22 61
Asinara 51 asinara Orta 18.2 143
Ischia 46 ischia Varese 15 26
Lipari 37 lipari Vico 12.1 50
Salina 26 salina Idro 10.9 122
Giglio 21 giglio Santa Croce 7.8 44
Vulcano 21 vulcano Massaciuccoli 6.9 3
Lampedusa 20 Albano 6 170
La Maddalena 20 Mezzola 5.9 69
Favignana 20 Viverone 5.8 50
Capraia 19
Caprera 16
The greatest rivers (length in km)
Po 652 Tirso 150 riveres
Adige 410 Basento 149
Tevere 405 Panaro 148
Adda 313 Aterno-Pescara 145
Oglio 280 Imera-Salso 144
Tanaro 276 Sesia 138
Ticino 248 Isonzo 136
Arno 241 Ofanto 134
Piave 220 Flumendosa 127
Reno 211 Mannu-Coghinas 123
Sacra-Mincio 194 Bacchiglione 118
Volturno 175 Sangro 117
Secchia 172 Bradano 116
Tagliamento 170 Tronto 115
Ombrone 161 Simeto 113
Brenta 160 Livenza 112
Dora Baltea 160 Sinni 101
Liri-Carigliano 158 Cervaro 93

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