"Giardini Vaticani (Vatican Gardens), Vatican City, Rome" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 11th January 2012
Giardini Vaticani (Vatican Gardens) is an ample complex of gardens "alla italiana", where presents a combination of French gardens' rationalism and games of tree masses of English gardens.
(See on the picture above: Grotta della Madonna). It is a reproduction of Massabielle's cave, where in 1858 the Madonna appeared before B.Soubirous. The new made cave was unveiled in March 1905. Here there are two portraits in mosaic of Leo XIII and bishop of Tarbes (the city where this event took place) who proposed to the pope creation of the cave).
Limited groups of visitors can enjoy their eyes with the views of real baroque garden architecture and numerous fountains, such as Fontana Dell'Aquilone (Fountain of North Wind) by G.Vasanzio (above picture) and Fontana Della Galera (Fountain of Galley) by C.Maderno (Pictured below).
This picture is Casina di Pio IV (House of Pius IV). It is the most ancient and beautiful construction of the Vatican Gardens. It was built in 1558-1563 under Paul IV and Pius IV. The author of Casina is P.Ligorio; the facade and the decorations were made by F.Barocci, Santi di Tito and F.Zuccari. Casina was restored by Gregory XIII, who transformed it in a museum of busts and bas-reliefs. In 1870 Pius IX chosen it as a residence of the Pontificia Accademia delle Scienze (Pontificial Academy of Sciences)[pictured below]; the architect G.Momo enlarged and restored the building for the needs of the Academy. Its 70 members are the most eminent scientist of all the countries, races and religions.
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