Guarini, Guarino (1624-1683)

"Guarini, Guarino (1624-1683) " submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 27th April 2011

Guarino Guarini, Italian architect, treatise writer, philosopher and mathematician, was born in Modena in 1624 and died in Milan in 1683. Being a brother of a religious order of Teatins he spent the period of noviceship in Rome (1639-1647), where studied the works of Borromini. After a sojourn in Modena he began a long series of travels serving his order and dedicating himself to teaching of math and philosophy, and to projecting of religious buildings (Santissima Annunziata; casa dei Teatini and church of San Filippo in Messina (1660-1662) (destroyed by earthquake of 1908); project of the church dei Padri Somaschi in Messina (1660-1662); project for Sainte-Annela-Royale in Paris (1662-1665)). In 1666 the architect was called to Turin where stayed till 1681 as an engineer and mathematician of Charles Emanuel II of Savoy.

This was the time when the treatise about geometry and mathematics "Euclides adauctus et methodicus" (1671, 1676) was written, as well as some works dedicated to astronomy; here was created a fundamental architectural construction of the church San Lorenzo belonging to his order (1668-1680) (see the internal part of the dome on the left); the chapel of Sacra Sindone in the Cathedral, initiated by Amedeo di Castellamonte, of which Guarini executed since 1668 the halls, the stairs and the cover with the dome; the church of Immacolata Concezione in Turin (began in 1673); the project for Santa Maria Ettinga in Praga (1679); church Santa Maria della Provvidenza in Lisbon (1680) destroyed now; project for the Palazzo Carignano (1679) executed in baroque style (see below).

The works created by Guarini had a great importance for the evolution of baroque architecture between the 17th and 18th centuries, not only in Piedmont (where in 1737 four treatises dedicated to "Civic Architecture" were published), but in all over the Europe, where his method was adapted and developed especially by the German and Bohemian architects (Dientzenhofer). Charged with obscure and difficult symbolic meanings his style is based on a simple method of combination and organization of the space cells and is characterized by experimentation and use of multiply models of Gothic and Spanish-Arabic architecture.
guarini palazzo guarini cupola

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