Index of Places

Via Venti Settembre (Via 20 Settembre)

Via Venti Settembre (Via 20 Settembre) Via Venti Settembre (Via 20 Settembre) street is located in the historical heart of Rome, between Porta Pia and Via Veneto, not far walking from central Termini Station, Spanish Steps, Villa Borghese and from the main tourist sites. Before the famous event happened on September 20, 1870 when Rome was adjoined to Italy and became its capital, all the tract of the street was...

Piazza della Repubblica (dell'Esedra) and Fontana dei Naiadi (Naiads)

Piazza della Repubblica (dell'Esedra) and Fontana dei Naiadi (Naiads) This beautiful 19th century square till the WWII was an official entrance to the city and its principal center of representation. Starting from the middle of the 17th century in the zone of Terme di Diocleziano (Baths of Diocletian), popularly denominated "Termini", a meat market took place every Thursday and Friday, transferred here from Campo Vaccino, and in the month of May...

Terme di Diocleziano (Diocletian Bath)

Terme di Diocleziano (Diocletian Bath) Terme di Diocleziano/ The Baths of Diocletian were the biggest in Rome and had the same scheme as the Baths of Trajan and Baths of Caracalla; they could accommodate 3000 people at once. They were built in 298-306 by emperor Diocletian who widely used the work of condemned for political crimes and especially those who practiced the new Christian religion. The Terme di...

Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri (St. Mary of the Angels and the Martyrs)

inside interior of Santa Maria degli Angeli The hall of Tepidarium of the Baths of Diocletian (Terme di Diocleziano) was adapted for the Basilica di S.Maria degli Angeli by Michelangelo in 1560 according to a wish of Pius IV. But it had to be built much earlier in 1378 when two benefactors, Niccolo' da Nola and Napoleone Orsino, left to the pope Urban V the sum of 3000 golden florins to construct a Carthusian church...

National Roman Museum of Diocletian Bath (Museo Nazionale Romano delle Terme di Diocleziano)

National Roman Museum of Diocletian Bath, rome Museo Nazionale Romano delle Terme di Diocleziano (National Roman Museum of Diocletian Bath) was unveiled in 1889 and could be considered as one of the most important collections of ancient sculpture in the world. The museum contains the works of art found during the excavations executed after 1870. This museum was founded to collect the antiquities of Rome and was recently...

Octagonal Hall (ex Planetarium) of Diocletian Bath/ Aula Ottagona delle Terme di Diocleziano

The Octagonal Hall (ex Planetarium) of the Baths of Diocletian provides a splendid setting for some works from the Museo Nazionale Romano. The rectangular exterior hides a domed octagonal interior, which starting from the 20's of the 20th century served as a Planetarium. The hall is thought to have connected the open-air gymnasium and gardens of the Baths of Diocletian with...

Obelisco di Dogali (Egyptian Obelisk) on the Baths of Diocletian

Obelisco di Dogali (Egyptian Obelisk) on the Baths of Diocletian This is a little Egyptian Obelisk of the epoch of the pharaoh Ramses II, discovered in 1883 at the tribune of the church of S.Maria sopra Minerva. Obelisco di Dogali is small spire, crowned by a star, is situated on the ancient site of the Terme di Diocleziano (Diocletian Bath). In 1887 it was incorporated in a monument by F.Azzurri dedicated to 548 Italian soldiers ambushed...

Teatro dell'Opera di Roma (Rome Opera House)

Teatro dell'Opera di Roma (Rome Opera House) This is one of the most important lyric theatres in Italy. It was born in 1880 in course of development of the new city neighbourhood in direction to the Railway station, which in that epoch was called the neighborhood De Merode. It occupied a part of the territory of the old Villa Strozzi-Albani. The theatre was in the beginning called "Teatro Costanzi" after Domenico...

National Roman Museum - Palazzo Massimo

The palace was built in 1887 by architect Camillo Pistrucci according to the wish of Jesuit Massimiliano Massimo (1849-1911) who destined it for the seat of Jesuit scholastic institute which was conducted before 1870 in Collegio Romano. National Roman Museum - Palazzo Massimo (Museo Nazionale Romano - Palazzo Massimo) was restored as the new seat of the Museo Nazionale Romano...

Piazza dell'Esquilino (Esquilino Square) & Obelisco (Obelisk) Esquilino

Obelisco (Obelisk) Esquilino, Rome In the middle of piazza dell'Esquilino, one of the seven hills, an obelisk stands out. The square is located behind the apse of basilica Santa Maria Maggiore, one of the most solemn buildings of Roman Baroque and has in its center an granite obelisk which is nearly 15m high and is at the centre of Piazza dell'Esquilino. The two obelisks were found in the 16th century near the...

Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major) and Its Museum

Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major) and Its Museum This is one of the four major patriarchal basilicas in Rome. The basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major) is the most important of the Roman churches dedicated to the Madonna. It rises on top of the Cispio (the highest of the three ramifications that make the Esquiline Hill) on the ruins of a complex founded in the Augustan age and successively enlarged and...

Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major Square) and Its Fountain (Fontana)

Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major Square), rome The Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major Square) in front of basilica of S.Maria Maggiore was projected by Sixtus V as a cross point of three streets, but now only two of them left and serve mostly for the traffic directed to Railways station. The column in the center of it named Colonna della Pace (Column of Peace) was erected by Paul V in 1614. It is made of...

Collegio Russicum (Russian College) with Church S. Antonio Abate/ Sant'Andrea Catabarbara

Russian National Church (Chiesa Nazionale Russa) In Rome Pontificio Collegio Russo (Russicum) was created by Pius XI in the moment of the hardest religious persecution in Soviet Russia, to prepare, by formation of the clergy specialized in Orthodox studies, the possibility to make contacts with that world when it will be possible. The College 'Russicum' was built near St. Mary Major in Rome, and the Church of St. Antony the Great...

Villa Sforza at Via dei Quattro Cantoni

Villa Sforza at Via dei Quattro Cantoni This is an example of the constructions (villas, summer houses, etc.) erected step by step in the vineyards of the zone. This villa was built in the first half of the 16th century for the Sforza family. Then it belonged to the sisters-Philippines who used its territory for the convent. Finally the ex-villa was appropriated by the Italian state and a recruiting center (which...

Church/ Chiesa di Santa Prassede all'Esquilino

entrance of Church/ Chiesa di Santa Prassede all'Esquilino History The church was built by St Paschal I in 822 in occasion of transfer of the rests of 2300 martyrs from the Catacombs to the "Campagna romana" to protect them from the Saracens. The oratory from which the primitive church grew later had been erected here in 140-155 by St Pius I. The church was restored in 1450, 1564, 1832 and 1869, and was dedicated to martyr St...