Index of Places

Via Sacra (Sacred Road)

This is the oldest street in Rome, and it crosses the whole of the Forum. This Via Sacra (Sacred Road) in the Roman Forum/ Forum Romanum (Foro Romano) was the path followed by the victorious leader (dux) through the Forum towards the Capitol. It was called Sacra because according to the legend it was covered by Romolus and Titus Tatius after entering the pact of alliance at...

Basilica of Maxentius or (of Constantine)/ Basilica di Massenzio (o di Costantino)

Basilica of Maxentius or (of Constantine)/ Basilica di Massenzio (o di Costantino) in the Roman Forum/ Forum Romanum (Foro Romano) was begun by Maxentius in 306-312 and finished by Constantine. It was set on the Velia, i.e. the hill on the east limit of the Roman Forum, over the previous constructions served for living. Basilica was entirely made of bricks and tiles; its...

Church of Santa Francesca Romana (Former Santa Maria Nova)

After the earthquake in the middle of the 9th century which destroyed S.Maria Antiqua in the Forum, it was abandoned and its diaconate moved to the Oratory of St peter and St Paul, built in 757-767 by pope St.Paul I. Thus, the oratory became the church Santa Maria Nova; In the 12th century it was enlarged, there were added an apse mosaic and 42m high bell-tower. The new...

Temple of Venus and Rome (Tempio di Venere e Roma)

This is the greatest temple of the ancient Rome; its dimensions are 145m x 100m. It was erected by Hadrian and, as the legend says, by his own project strongly influenced by Greek architecture, in 121 A.D., to honor the main divinities of the empire: Venus (the mother of Aeneas, ancestor of the Gens Julia, founder of Empire) and Roma (deified idea of the city of Rome and its...

Arch of Titus (Arco di Tito)

Arch of Titus (Arco di Tito) in the Roman Forum/ Forum Romanum (Foro Romano) was erected by Domitian in honor of his father Vespasian and brother Titus, starting from 81 A.D. He wanted particularly celebrate their victories in the Judaean War and conquering of Jerusalem by Titus in 70 A.D. Thus this monument could be considered as an exceptional historical proof of the...

Roman Forum or Forum Romanum (Foro Romano)

The Roman Forum/ Forum Romanum (Foro Romano) occupies the plain zone between three hills: Palatine, Capitoline and Quirinal. Its birth corresponds to aggregation of the new hills and villages around it, which made necessary creation of the place of commercial, political and cultural exchange. They have chosen this site after it was reclaimed by construction of the Cloaca...

Farnese Gardens on the Palatine Hill (Orti Farnesiani sul Monte Palatino)

In the 16th century on the initiative of the Cardinal Alessandro Farnese a grand villa (Orti Farnesiani) was built on the Domus Tiberiana. The villa was almost completely destroyed later. These Farnese Gardens were realized by Vignola for the cardinal Alessandro Farnese, grandson of pope Paul III in 1520-1589, as a reconstruction in form of a garden, of the plan of the Palazzo...

Palace of Tiberius and Caligula (Palazzo di Tiberio e di Caligola)

At the north-west end of the Palatine Hill are the ruins of the Palace of Tiberius and Caligula (Palazzo di Tiberio e di Caligola), built in the 1st century AD. These impressive imperial constructions once occupied the greatest part of Germalo, i.e. one of three summits of the Palatine Hill. The gardens of Farnese are spread over the underground territories of these palaces,...

The complex of Palazzo di Domiziano (Domitian Palace) on the Palatine Hill

In the last years of the 1st century after Christ, the south eastern area of the Palatino hill sees the construction of the large quarter of the Domizianei palaces with the complexes of the "Stadium of Domiziano", of the "Domus Flavia" and of the "Domus Augustana". It occupies nearly the whole of the Palatine Hill and consists of a number of buildings that were planned by...

House of Livia (Casa di Livia) on the Palatine Hill

It was a simple house in which emperor Augustus lived for 40 years with the modesty that his successors never knew. The Palatine hill was a residence zone preferred by the rich and noble representative of Roman society. Augustus enlarged his house and decorated its walls with the paintings. It bears the name of Livia, wife of Augustus. The House of Livia (Casa di Livia) at...

House of Romulus (Capanne di Romolo/ Casa di Romolo)

A number of excavations conducted in this zone of Palatine Hill revealed an inhabited area compound of huts, which existed here since 9th-8th centuries b.C., the time of foundation of Rome and legend about Romulus and Remus, its founders. Not far from this primitive village were discovered the ruins of some wells and two archaic cisterns (6th century b.C.). (Photo Credit:...

Church of San Teodoro at the bottom of the Palatino

This small round domed construction is supposed to be built during the period of Byzantine influence in Rome, according to a dedication to the saint soldierTeodoro from the Eastern Empire. The church was built over the Horrea Agrippiana, the great granary warehouse. From the original construction remained the apse with mosaic dating from the 7th century, which is very similar...

Church of San Sebastiano (Saint Sebastian) on the Palatine Hill

Church of San Sebastiano (Saint Sebastian) on the Palatine Hill The Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino (Church of San Sebastiano on the Palatine Hill) was founded in the 10th century and was also called in the past S.Maria in Pallara. Nevertheless, the present name of the church was given to it in honour of the martyr Sabastiano, imperial officer, died in not far Ippodromo. A monastery annexed to the church was occupied by Benedictines...

Palace of Septimius Severus (Settimio Severo/ Domus Severiana) on the Palatine Hill

On entering the complex from Via di San Gregorio, head uphill on the Palatine Hill until you come to the first recognizable construction, the Stadium of Domitian (Stadio di Domiziano). Adjoining the stadium are the scant remains of the complex built by Septimius Severus, comprising baths (Terme di Settimio Severo) and a palace (Domus Severiana ). Palace of Septimius Severus/...

Basilica/ Church of Santa Anastasia al Palatino (Palatine Hill)

The Basilica/ Church of Santa Anastasia al Palatino (Palatine Hill) was built in the 4th century, was decorated with mosaics in the 5th century and restored by Theodoric and by popes of the 8th century. During the Byzantine domination in Rome, it served as an official church of the representatives of the Eastern Roman Empire, who's residence was on the Palatine Hill. Further...