Index of Places

Tower of Little Mill/ Monkey Tower (Torre dei Frangipane/ Scimmia/ Moletta)

This tower was also named Torre della Moletta (Tower of little Mill) because of a water mill existed here in the Middle Ages, which used the Acqua Mariana, which came from the Porta Metronia through the Circus Maximus in direction of Tiber. The tower made part of the system of fortifications of the powerful medieval Frangipane family, which possessed other fortresses built on...

Valle Murcia (Via di Valle Murcia)

Valle Murcia (Via di Valle Murcia) Valley Murcia is entire zone between the Palatine and Aventine Hill, one part of which, on the slopes of Aventine, was named Roseto di Roma (Garden of Roses). It was built on the site of the old Jewish cemetery, that was begun here in 1645 by initiative of Israel Organization of Death and Charity, to substitute the cemetery in zone of Porta Portese, suppressed because of the...

Church of Santa Prisca

The Church of Santa Prisca (Chiesa di S.Prisca) was erected in the end of the 4th century-beginning of the 5th century on the site of the House of Aquila and Prisca, celebrated husband and wife, who hosted St Peter in their "ecclesia domestica" where apostle baptized different people. The dedication to S.Prisca could be attributed to two personalities: the owner of the house...

Skanderbeg Monument at Piazza Albania

The monument was erected in 1940, by Romanelli, in course of particular political relations between Italy and Albania. It represents a national hero of Albania Giorgio Castriota, named Scanderbeg, i.e. Alexander the Great, who sojourned in Rome for a period of time with the aim to ask for help to Paul II against the Turks. The Equestrian horseman statue portraying the...

Church of San Saba

According to a legend the Chiesa di San Saba (Chiesa di S.Saba) grew on the site of cenoby in which the mother of St Gregory I Magno, St Silvia, lived and from where she would daily send to her son living on Celio Hill, the vegetable dishes picked and prepared by herself. But according to historical and archeological proves the church was founded in the 7th century by oriental...

Church of Santa Balbina

The Church of Santa Balbina (Chiesa di S.Balbina) was built in the 4th century over the other ancient constructions. The convent of the church was fortified and served as a fortress protecting the territory around it. One tower still exists dominating the building of the convent, which is now used as a Hospice of S.Margherita for old people. The church was returned to its...

Palazzo della FAO - Food and Agriculture Organisation

This is a big white modern palace which starting from 1950 houses the F.A.O (Food and Agriculture Organization), an international organization of United Nations, and somehow an inheritor of the International Institute of Agriculture, founded by David Lubin in Rome in 1905. Entrusted by Mussolini to house the Ministry of Italian Africa, the palace was planned in 1938 by the...

Axum Obelisk and Piazza di Porta Capena (Porta Capena Square)

Axum Obelisk and Piazza di Porta Capena This Axum Obelisk (Obelisco di Axum) was moved here from a saint Ethiopian city (Axum) in 1937 as a trophy of the colonial company of Italy in Eastern Africa. It dates from the 4th century and is 24 meters high. Piazza di Porta Capena is a vast flat area among the offshoots of the Caelian, the Palatine and the Aventine hills. It owes its name to the ancient door that lead to...

Casina "La Vignola" at Porta Capena

Porta Capena was a gate in the Servian Wall near Caelian Hill, in Rome, formerly a sacred forest where Numa Pompilius and Egeria met. Porta Capena square (Piazza di Porta Capena) also hosts the FAO headquarters and the Casino La Vignola Boccapaduli. Casina "La Vignola" is a gracious construction built in the 15th century for the Vigna Boccapaduli. It was transferred here as...

Via di San Gregorio (San Gregorio Street)

This street was laid out over the tract of ancient Via Triumphalis, between Celian hill (Celio) and Palatine Hills. The Palatine hill (Palatino) overlooking the Roman Forum is home to a number of palaces dating from the 1st century AD. Passing the gigantic Arch of Constantine across Via di San Gregorio you will find the "back exit" to the Roman Forum. Its present look was...

Arch of Constantine (Arco di Costantino) across Via di San Gregorio

This is the largest and best conserved of all triumphal arches in Rome. It was built in 315 by Senate and Roman people in honour of emperor Constantine and his victory over Maxentius in the battle at Saxa Rubra on October 28, 312. The arch is compound of the elements taken from the other ancient monuments. The Corinthian columns of ancient yellow stone come from the monument...

Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre (Anfiteatro Flavio o Colosseo)

It took only eight years to erect the greatest monument of ancient Rome. Its original name is Flavian Amphitheatre, because of the form of the construction as an amphitheatre and because it was built by emperors of the Flavian dynasty: Vespasian, Titus and Domitian. Vespasian begun it in 72 A.D., Titus completed the works in 80 A.D. and Domitian added the higher steps and some...

Nymphaeum (Monumental Fountain) And Tower of Annibaldi

Nymphaeum (Monumental Fountain) of Annibaldi A nymphaeum (monumental fountain) of Annibaldi [Ninfeo degli degli Annibaldi] dated back to the end of the first century BC and the beginning of the first century AD was discovered in 1895 during the works for the realization of Via degli Annibaldi. It was part of a house that was destroyed later to make room for the construction of the Domus Aurea by Nero. The monument today...

Domus Aurea - Nero’s Golden House

This enormous complex construction (50 hectares) compound of palaces, gardens and lake was erected by two architects of emperor Nero, Severus and Celerus, after the fire of Rome in 64 A.D. and expanded from the slopes of the Celian and Palatine till the Oppian and Esquiline Hills. The main part of the palace was on the site of the Palace of Tiberius and Caligula (Palazzo di...

Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano)

The Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano) were executed by Apollodorus of Damascus in only five years and built by Traiano (Trajan) in 109 AD on the project of Apollodoro di Damasco, the most famous architect of that era. The huge complex of the Baths of Trajan required the construction of a massive cistern known since the Middle Ages as “Seven Rooms” which, almost perfectly...