Index of Places

Latina Gate (Porta Latina) of the Aurelian Wall

The original gate of the Aurelian Wall was enlarged by Honorius, who built on its sides two cylindrical towers and put over it a travertine construction and gives its name to the church of San Giovanni a Porta Latina. From outside the gate has a monogram of Christ and from inside a Greek cross. The name derives from the Via Latina which takes its beginning from here. Also...

Eleniane Bath (Terme Eleniane)

Eleniane Bath (Terme Eleniane) This zone was once occupied by baths that made part of Imperial residence.The baths were located to the north of the palaces and were separated from them by ample gardens. The rests of these construction were found during the works in a modern block of houses between via S.Croce in Gerusalemme and via Umberto Biancamano. These baths had a certain number of rooms and halls for...

Palazzo Sessoriano (Sessorium): Infantry & Tankers Museum, Grenadiers Museum, S.Croce in Gerusalemme

museum of Italian Army at Piazza S. Croce in Gerusalemme, rome In the beginning of the 3rd century in this zone on the south-eastern end of the city was formed a new Imperial residence, better adapted for living than the one on the Palatine Hill. It was called "Sessorium" or "Palace of Sessorium", and was compound of ample gardens, amphitheater, circus, baths and a basilica for negotiation of public affairs. To protect all this the city...

Church/ Basilica of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme (Holy Cross in Jerusalem)

It is of the "Seven Churches" of the Jubilee pilgrimage and is one of the most sacred places of the capital of the Christianity. It was probably Constantine who around 320 ordered the works of transformation of a great rectangular palace Palazzo Sessoriano, serving as an imperial residence before, into the place where the relics collected by his mother St Helena during her...

Amphitheater Castrense (Anfiteatro Castrense/ Amphitheatrum Castrense)

Amphitheater Castrense (Anfiteatro Castrense/ Amphitheatrum Castrense) This elliptic construction of not big dimensions (diameters 88m and 76m) served for the performances staged privately by the Imperial family and court. The name of the construction comes from Latin word "castrum" which means "court" and constructed entirely of brick and brick-faced concrete on three orders of arcades, it can be at the present time reconstructed only by antique...

Villa Wolkonsky - British Ambassador'S Residence

This villa takes name from the its owner Zenaida Wolkonskaja, who lived in Rome in 1829-1862 and organized international cultural meetings in Palazzo Poli at Trevi Fountain. The interior layout of the Villa Wolkonsky has changed little since the 1930s and provides a wonderful setting for receiving the Residence’s many guests. A recent tree and plant census listed around 200...

Palazzo delle Casse di Risparmio Postali (Palace of Post Office Savings Bank)

Palazzo delle Casse di Risparmio Postali (Palace of Post Office Savings Bank) This enormous palace serving as a seat of Post Saving Fund was projected by engineer Rolando and unveiled in 1914. It is located in Piazza Dante. Recently the gardens of the Piazza Dante square (Area 5.000 m²) was dedicated to immigrants. Address: Palazzo delle Casse di Risparmio Postali (Palace of Post Office Savings Bank) Piazza Dante 00185, Rome, Lazio, Italy Zone: Rione...

Church and Catacomb of Saints Marcellinus and Peter (SS.Marcellino e Pietro)

Church of Saints Marcellinus and Peter [Chiesa dei SS.Marcellino e Pietro (al Laterano)] The Chiesa dei SS.Marcellino e Pietro (Church of Saints Marcellinus and Peter, sometimes called Petrus Exorcista) is a very old church which origins come from the 4th century. It should have probably been at much lower level in comparison with the present construction. Here close to it...

Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua (Sant'Antonio da Padova)

This church or Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua (Sant'Antonio da Padova) was built on the part of the territory of Villa Giustiniani Massimo by architect Luca Carimini in 1884-1887. The façade rises on a stairway with a double ramp. The Neo-Renaissance eclecticism of the architect sided the fifteenth-century shapes with the typical ones of Sangallo of the porch with five...

Casino of Villa Giustiniani Massimo: Seat of Franciscans in the Holy Land

Villa Giustiniani Massimo is named after Marquis Vincenzo Giustiniani. Enclosed by Via Merulana, Via Manzoni, Via Tasso and Piazza St Giovanni, the park and structure were the work of architect Carlo Lombardi. This large villa was built in the beginning of the 17th century by the Giustiniani family and became a property of the Massimo family several decades later; after 1880...

Lateran Baptistery (Battistero lateranense) or San Giovanni in Fonte

The proper denomination should be its name: San Giovanni in Fonte(St John at the Font), also known as the Lateran Baptistery (Battistero Lateranense) or the Baptistery of Constantin. It was built in the fourth century by Constantine, together with the basilica of Saint John in Lateran, on top of a villa and a thermal building dating back to the second century. Later on it was...

Lateran Obelisk (Obelisco Lateranense) at Piazza San Giovanni

Lateran Obelisk (Obelisco Lateranense) at Piazza San Giovanni Lateran Obelisk (Obelisco Lateranense) is the oldest Egyptian obelisk in Rome, it is also the highest one: 32m without basement, 46m with the basement. It is made of red granite and was originally from the temple of Amon at Thebes, erected in the 15th century BC where it was dedicated to the Pharaoh Thutmose III. In 357 Constans II brought it to Rome from the valley of Nile...

Scala Santa, Chapel of Sancta Sanctorum and Triclinium of old Lateran Palace

From the old Lateran Palace (Palazzo Laterano/ Palazzo Lateranense) constructions remained after imperial Rome there are three survived and located in one building built by D.Fontana in 1589. These monuments are: Scala Santa, Chapel of the Sancta Sanctorum and Triclinium. Starting from the middle of the 15th century the staircase from the old Lateran Palace was identified...

Porta (Gate) San Giovanni

Pope Gregory XIII had this new city gate built in 1574 and named it after the close basilica of S.Giovanni in Laterano (St John Lateran). This gate was one of the points of the pope's plan about the new roads and traffic in this zone of the city. Its probable authors were G.della Porta or G.Del Duca. The seven archways were open in 1917 because of the increase of traffic from...

Porta (Gate) Asinaria

This is the most impressive of the ancient Roman gates as for the height and length of defense system, as for the two rectangular and two semi-circular towers. It was originally a simple gate, but Honorius added two semi-cylindrical towers to increase its resistance to the probable attacks of enemies. The name derives from Via Asinaria which took its beginning from here and...