Lippi, Filippo (c1406-1469)

"Lippi, Filippo (c1406-1469)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 27th April 2011

Filippo Lippi, Italian painter, was born in Florence in circa 1406 and died in Spoleto in 1469. He was a son of a butcher, and remained orphan in the early age. In 1421 he became a monk of the Carmine's convent, where he could see Masaccio and Masolino frescoing Cappella Brancacci.

In this period he created Consegna della regola dei Carmelitani (1432, Florence, Chiesa del Carmine), and Madonna (1430-32, Milan, Museo del Castello Sforzesco).

In 1434-37 he stayed in Padova, where executed a number of works, that are lost now.

His documented activity began in Florence after 1437: Madonna di Tarquinia (1437, Rome, Gall.Naz. d'arte antica); Pala di Santo Spirito (1438, Paris, Louvre); Annunciation (Chiesa di S.Lorenzo, Florence); Crowning of the Virgin (pictured below) (1441-47, Florence, Uffizi); Madonna and saints (Paris, Louvre); Adoration of Magicians (1442-45, New York, Metropolitan Mus.); Madonna with the Child and stories of St Anna (1452, Florence, Gall.Palatina di Palazzo Pitti); Annunciation (pictured) (Monaco, Alte Pinakothek); three Adorations of the Child (two in Uffizi, the other in Gemaldegal of Berlin); Madonna with the Child (Florence, Galleria Pitti); Madonna with the Child and two angels (Uffizi, Florence).
lippi incoronazione lippi annunciation
In 1456 he kidnapped Lucrezia Buti from the convent of Prato, of which he was assigned a chaplain, and next year she gave birth to their son, Filippino Lippi. In 1461 this fact was revealed, but Cosimo de'Medici personally asked and obtained from pope Pius II that the lovers could be set free from the religious votes and live together as the legitimate husband and wife. This period is marked with execution of Lippi's masterpiece (in collaboration): Cappella Maggiore in Cathedral of Prato (1452-1464).

The last work of the artist (in collaboration) was Stories of the Virgin in the apse of the Cathedral of Spoleto.

F.Lippi was one of the characters of the artistic innovation in the 15th century Florence.

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