List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "G"

"List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "G"" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Tuesday 26th April 2011

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "G"

Alphabetically Listing "G" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons

Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) Italian mathematician, astronomer, and physicist. He discovered the isochronism of the pendulum and demonstrated that falling bodies of different weights descens at the same rate. He perfected the refracting telescope, which led to his discovery of Jupiter's satellites, sunspots, and craters on the moon. He was forced by the Inquisition to recant his support of the Copernican system.
Garibaldi, Anita Anna Maria Ribeiro Da Silva (Morinhos, Santa Caterina in Brasil 1817- farm Guiccioli di Mandriole, close to Ravenna, 1849). the date of birth and the first events of her life are not documented; she was born in a family of fishermen and in 1835 married Manuel Duarte de Aguiar, a fisherman as well. In 1839 she got to know G.Garibaldi, left her husband and followed him on the ship Rio Pardo sharing from that time the adventurous life of G,garibaldi. After the death of her husband, on June 16, 1842 she married Garibaldi to who gave three children (Menotti, Ricciotti and Teresita), the 4th daughter born in 1843 died at the age of two years. Anita came to Italy in 1848 and settled in Nizza, and when G.Garibaldi went to defend Rome Anita joined him on June 26, 1849 and participated in a battle at the Porta San Pancrazio. After the fall of Republic, she accompanied her husband to the legendary retreat, till exhousted by difficulties didn't die on the farm Guiccioli where she remained dying after hard wandering in the valleys of Comacchio.
Garibaldi, Giuseppe (1807-1882) Italian patriot, a leader of Risorgimento. He fought against the Austrian and French in Italy (1848-1849; 1859) and, with 1000 volunteers, conquered Sicily and Naples for the emerging kingdom of Italy in 1860.
Gaspare del Bufalo (Saint) (Rome 1786-1836) Italian priest, canon of a basilica San Marco in Rome. He was imprisoned and exiled because of refuse to take an oath of fidelity to the government of Napoleon in 1810. He founded the missionary congregation of Preziosissimo Sangue (The most precious blood) in 1815. He was canonized in 1954. His holiday is on June 23.
Giraud, Bernardino (Rome 1721-1782) Italian cardinal; auditor in Rota (1763); archibishop in partibus in Damascus (1767) and pontificial ambassador in Paris; cardinal since 1773, archibishop of Ferrara; he helped the election on the pope's throne to Pius VI, who made Giraud his adviser and assistant.
Giustiniani, Vincenzo (Chio 1519-Rome 1582) a president of Dominican order since 1558, cardinal from 1570. He participated in the council of Trento and published the "Sermoni", by S.Tommaso d'Aquino.
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749-1832) German poet, novelist, and dramatist, who settles in Weimar in 1775. His early works of the Sturm and Drang period include the play Fotz von Berlichingen (1773) and the novel The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774). After a journey to Italy in 1786-1788 his writings, such as the epic play Iphigenie auf Tauris (1787) and the epic idyll Hermann und Dorothea (1797), shows the influence of classicism. Other works include the Wilhelm Meister novels (1796-1829) and his greatest masterpiece Faust (1808; 1832).
Gogol, Nikolai Vasilievich (1809-1852) the great Russian novelist, dramatist, and short-story writer. His best-known works are The Government Inspector (1836), a comedy satirizing bureaucracy, and the novel Dead Souls (1842).
Goldoni, Carlo (Venice 1707-Paris 1793) Italian comedy-writer. He was born on February 25 1707 in Ca'Zantani in San Toma', from Giulio and Margherita Savioni...
Gonzaga, Frederick II (1500-1540) marquise of Mantua (1519), duke of Mantua (1530), marquise of Monferrato (1536)
Gonzaga, Ludovico III (1414-1478) also called Ludovico the Turk, marquis of Mantua in 1444 and with his wife Barbara, daughter of John of Hohenzollern of Brandeburg had nine children
Guiscard, Robert (1015-1085) Norman conqueror in Southern Italy.
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