List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "H"

"List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "H"" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Tuesday 26th April 2011

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "H"

Alphabetically Listing "H" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons

Hamilton, Gavin (Lanarkshire, Scotland, 1723 - Rome 1798) English painter active in Italy.
Harvey, William (1578-1657) English physician who discovered the mechanism of blood circulation, expounded in "On the motion of the heart" (1628).
Henry VII (1275-1313) Holy Roman Emperor in 1312-1313 and, as Henry VI, count of Luxembourg in 1288-1313. He became king of Lombards in 1313.
Henry VIII (1491-1547) king of England in 1509-1547; second son of Henry VII. The declaration that his marriage to Catherine of Aragon was invalid and his marriage to Anne Boleyn (1533) precipitated the Act of Supremacy, making Henry supreme head of the Church in England. Anne Boleyn was executed in 1536 and Henry subsequently married Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr. His reign is also noted for the fame of his succession of advisers, Cardinal Wolsey, Sir Thomas More and Thomas Cromwell.
Heraclitus (535-475 b.C.) Greek philosopher, who held that fire is primordial substance of the universe and that all things are in perpetual flux
(Heracles, Herakles, Alcides) Classical myth.
a hero noted for his great strength, courage, and for the performance of 12 immense labours
Hermes Greek myth. the messenger and herald of the gods; the divinity of commerce, cunning, theft, travellers and rascals. He was represented as wearing winged sandals. Roman counterpart: Mercury.
Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945) Grandmother's maiden name and father's original surname Schicklgruber. German dictator, born in Austria. After becoming president of the National Socialist German Worker's Party (Nazi party), he attempted to overthrow the government of Bavaria in 1923. While in prison he wrote Mein Kampf, expressing his philosophy of the superiority of the Aryan race and the inferiority of the Jews. He was appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933, transforming it from a democratic republic into the totalitarian Third Reich, of which he became Fuhrer in 1934. He established concentration camps to exterminate the Jews, rearmed the Rhineland in 1936, annexed Austria in 1938 and Czechoslovakia, and invaded Poland in 1939, which precipitated World War II. He committed suicide.
Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1679) Rnglish political philosopher. His greatest work is the Leviathan (1651), which contains his defence of absolute sovereignty.
Holy Year
It is a year when the Catholic Church celebrates its Jubilee, i.e. redemption of sins through confession, Holy Communion and visit to the 4 patriarch basilicas of Rome. Boniface VIII begun this tradition in 1300 and ever since then there were 25 celebrated Jubilees, with different inervals between them. The first period was determined for 100 years and for visit of only 2 basilicas of St Peter and St Paul's. Clement VI cutted this time in two, so the next Holy Year was celebrated in 1350 and was also joined one more basilica of St John. Urban VI made another modification having stabilized the period of 33 years referring to the life of Christ. So the next Jubilee should have been celebrated in 1390. It took place under his succesor Boniface IX; but this latter returned the tradition to 50 years of period and for this reason celebrated the following Holy Year in 1400. Martin V celebrated the 5th Jubilee according to the decree about 33 years of Christ in 1423 and Nicolas V celebrated it according to that about 50 years-period in 1450. Paul II established the firm date of 25 years, which works till now. But were not celebrated the Jubilees of 1800 and 1850, first caused by the political cituation and domination of Napoleon in Rome, and second because of the excile of pope to Gaeta. The celebration of Holy 1875 year was done with the pope closed in Vatican, as he considered himself to be a prisoner of the Italian State.
Should be also mentioned 76 extraordinary Jubilees proclaimed by 31 popes for different reasons since 1560; all of them had a duration from severl days, weeks till one year. The pope who is responsible for the greatest number of the Holy Years is Urban VIII (9 extraordinary and 1 ordinary). The actual pope John Paul II had it rganized from 25.03.83 till 11.04.1984 to celebrate the 1950 anniversary of the death of Christ.
1. 1300 Boniface VIII 14. 1650 Innocent X
2. 1350 Clement VI 15. 1675 Clement X
3. 1390 Boniface IX 16. 1700 Innocent XII - Clement XI
4. 1400 Boniface IX 17. 1725 Benedict XIII
5. 1423 Martin V 18. 1750 Benedict XIV
6. 1450 Nicolas V 19. 1775 Pius VI
7. 1475 Sixtus IV 20. 1825 Leo XII
8. 1500 Alexander VI 21. 1875 Pius IX
9. 1525 Clement VII 22. 1900 Leo XIII
10.1550 Julius II 23. 1925 Pius XI
11. 1575 Gregory VIII 24. 1950 Pius XII
12. 1600 Clement VIII 25. 1975 Paul VI
13. 1625 Urban VIII 26. 2000
Homer (9th century b.C.) Greek poet to whom are attributed the Iliad and the Odyssey. Almost nothing is known of him, but it is thought that he was born on the island of Chios and was blind
Horace (65-8 b.C.) (Quintus Horatius Flaccus) Roman poet and satirist: his verse includes the lyrics in the Epodes and the Odes, the Epistles and Satires, and the Ars Poetica
Hunt, Leigh (James Henry) (1784-1859) British poet and essayist a founder of The Examiner (1808) in which he promoted the work of Keats and Shelley.
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