List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "M"

"List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "M"" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Tuesday 26th April 2011

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "M"

Alphabetically Listing "M" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons

Mameli, Goffredo (Genoa 1827-Rome 1849) Italian poet and patriot, author of the national Italian hymn.
Marcus Antonius (83-30 b.C.) Roman general who served under Julius Caesar in the Gallic wars and became a member of the second triumvirate in 43 b.C. He defeated Brutus and Cassius at Philippi in 42 b.C. but having repudiated his wife for Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, he was defeated by his brother-in-law Octavian Augustus at Actium in 31.
Margherita di Parma (d'Austria) (Oudenaarde, Flander, 1522 - Ortona 1586) duchess of Parma and Piacenza, governor of Netherlands. She was a daughter of Carlo V, and married in 1536 Alessandro de' Medici and after he was murdered a year later, she married Ottavio Farnese in 1538, future duke of Parma and Piacenza. The king of Spain Filippo II nominated her the governor of Netherlands (1559-1567), where she went leaving her husband in Italy...
Margherita di Savoia (Turin 1851-Bordighera 1926) the queen of Italin in 1878-1900. She was the daughter of Ferdinando, duke of Genoa and a wife of (1868) of her cousin Umberto, future Umberto I, the king of Italy. She gave birth to Vittorio Emanuele III. She became the queen of Italy in 1878 and had a big influence on her family and the royal court in very rigid conservatory direction. Mostly after the tragic death of her husband killed in Monza on July 29, 1900, she dedicated herself to the charity work and aid to the arts and culture....
Marini, Luigi Gaetano (Sant'Arcangelo di Romagna, Forli', 1742-Paris 1815) scholar and epigraphist; keeper and prefect of Vatican archive, inventor and director of the Galleria lapidaria (Lapidary Gallery) in Vatican; he published Iscrizioni antiche delle Ville e dei Palazzi Albani (1785), Atti e monumenti dei fratelli Arvali (1795) and Papiri diplomatici (1805).
Marius, Gaius (155-86 b.C.) Roman general and consul. He defeated Jugurtha, the Cimbri, and the Teutons (107-101), but his rivalry with Sulla caused civil war in 88 b.C.. He was exiled but returned in 87 and took Rome.
Matteotti, Giacomo (Fratta Polesine 1885-Rome 1924). He grew in a well-off family, but from the very beginning was atracted by socialist ideas. After receiving of Diploma in the University of Bologna, he participated in political acitivity of socialists of the province of Rovigo. ...
Mazarini, Giulio (Pescina, L'Aquila, 1602 - Vincennes, Paris, 1661) a statesman and a French cardinal of Italian origin. He was born on Sicily from Pietro Mazzarino and of Ortensia Buffalini (probably parented with the Colonna family). He received the education in Roman College of Jesuits, and lived for many years in Rome. ....
Medici, Alessandro de' (1512-1537) he was a son or of Lorenzo II Medici or of Giulio de' Medici (future pope Clement VII); duke of Florence in 1532-1537; married in 1536 Margherita d'Austria (di Parma), a daughter of imperor Charles V. Alessandro was murdered.
Medici, Caterina de' (1519-1589) a daughter of Lorenzo II; wife of Henry di Valois (future King of France Henry II); mother of Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III kings of France; regent of France in 1560-1574. She was largely responsible for the massacre of Protestants on Saint Bartholomew's Day in 1572.
Medici, Cosimo I (1519-1574) the duke of Florence, great duke of Tuscany in 1569-1574
Medici, Lorenzo de' (Florence 1449-Careggi, Florence, 1492) known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, Italian statesman, poet and scholar; ruler of Florence in 1469-1492, son of Piero de Medici and Lucrezia Tornabuoni
Medici, Piero de' (1414-1469) also called Piero the Gouty, gonfalonier (chief magistrate) of Justice in 1461; the son of Cosimo de'Medici and father of Lorenzo the Magnificent
Melpomene Greek myth. one of the nine Muses. Originally the goddess of singing and later of a tragedy, it was represented by a figure crowned with vine-leaves and with a tragic mask in the hand
Merici, Angela (Desenzano 1474-Brescia 1540) (Saint) tertiary Franciscan, after pilgrimage to the Holy Land during which she lost and regained the sight, Angela founded with the aid of Clement VII a community of Sant'Orsola named "orsoline" (1535), who were teaching and looking after children, especially of the girls. She was canonized in 1807. Holidays on January 27 and June 1.
Mezzofanti, Giuseppe Gaspare (Bologna 1774-Rome 1849) Italian linguist and cardinal. He was a son of joiner, studied in religious schools of Bologna showing unbelievable skills in learning of foreign languages.
Milton, John (1608-1674) English poet. His early works, notably L'Allegro and Il Penseroso (1632), the masque Comus (1634), and the elegy Lycidas (1637), show the influence of his Christian humanist education and his love of Italian Renaissance poetry. A staunch Parliamentarian and opponent of episcopacy, he published many pamphlets during the Civil War period, including Areopagitica (1644), which advocated freedom of the press. His greatest works were epic poems Paradise Lost (1667, 1674), and Paradise Regained (1671) and the verse drama Samson Agonistes (1671).
Minerva Roman goddess of wisdom. Greek counterpart: Athena
Montefeltro, Federico (1422-1482) duke of Urbino (1474) who gave a notable splendour to the name and family of Montefeltro most of all because of his activity as a protector of culture and arts
Monti, Vincenzo (Alfonsine, Ravenna, 1754-Milan 1828) Italian poet. He studied in Fusignano, Faenza and Ferrara, where his parents wanted him to study law. He begun to write little poems when was still young...
Moro, Aldo (1916-1978) Italian Christian Democrat statesman; prime minister of Italy in 1963-68 and 1974-76, and minister of foreign affairs in 1965-66, 1969-72, and 1973-74. He negotiated the entry of the Italian Communist Party into coalition government before being kidnapped by the Red Brigades in 1978 and murdered.
Moses Old Testament. the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites out of Egypt to the Promised Land and gave them divinely revealed laws.
Mussolini, Benito (1883-1945) known as il Duce. Italian Fascist dictator. After the Fascist march on Rome, he was appointed prime minister by King Emmanuel III (1922) and assumed dictatorial powers. He annexed Abyssinia and allied Italy with Germany (1936), entering World War II in 1940. He was forced to resign following the Allied invasion of Sicily (1943) and was eventually shot by Italian partisans.
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