List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "P"

"List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "P"" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Tuesday 26th April 2011

List of Great Italian Historical Personalities Started With "P"

Alphabetically Listing "P" - Fact Sheets and Figures on Roman History of Persons

Pacioli, Luca (Borgo San Sepolcro circa 1445-Rome circa 1510), Italian mathematician and treatise-writer. He went to Venice in 1464 and after 1470 entered the Franciscan order and teaches math in various Italian cities. He is famous for his work Summa de arithmetica, geometria, proportioni et proportionalita' (1494) which was the first published treatise about arithmetic and algebra: here he assumed all the contemporaneous knowledge without any particular contribute from his part. In the other work De divina proportione published in Venice in 1509 was created partly thanks to participation of the greatest artists and architects of his time like L.B.Alberti, Piero della Francesca and Leonardo da Vinci (the latter was an author of one part of illustration figures. Here Pacioli wanted to give the basis of architecture and structure of human body explained in the language of geometry.
Pamphili, Camillo (Naples 1622-Rome 1666) in the beginning he was a cardinal-nephew of Innocent X, but against the wish of his mother, Olimpia, he abandoned the cardinal's carrier to marry Olimpia Aldobrandini in 1647, a princess of Rossano, who gave him in dowry her feudal possessions.
Pamphili, Olimpia (Viterbo 1594-San Martino al Cimino 1657) originally from the Maidalchini family, she married Pamfilio Pamphili, a brother of pope Innocent X, who she influenced a lot for all of the period of his rule. In 1655 she was "exciled" from Rome by new pope Alexander VII.
Pancrazio (Saint) (Frigia 254/260-Rome 304) martyr. According to a Passio which is not proved he died as a martyr under the emperor Diocletian. His cult is very ancient especially in Rome, in France and England. On the place of his tomb on Via Aurelia was erected a church dedicated to him. His holiday is on the 12th of May.
Perseus a son of Zeus and Danae, who with Athena's help slew the Gorgon Medusa and rescued Andromeda from a sea monster
Petrarch (1304-1374) (Francesco Petrarca) Italian lyric poet and scholar, who greatly influenced the values of the Renaissance. His collection of poems Canzoniere, inspired by his ideal love for Laura, was written in the Tuscan dialect. He also wrote much in Latin, esp. the epic poem Africa (1341) and the Secretum (1342), a spiritual self-analysis.
Philip II (1527-1598) king of Spain in 1556-1598 and, as Philip I, king of Portugal in 1580-1598; the husband of Mary I of England in 1554-1558. He championed the Counter-Reformation, sending the Armada against England in 1588.
Philip IV (Valladolid 1605-Madrid 1665) king of Spain, Naples, Sicily, duke of Milan in 1621-1665 and of Portugal in 1621-1640. He was the firts son of Philip IIII and Margherita d'Austria, and was successor of father......
Philip V (1683-1746) king of Spain in 1700-46 and founder of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. His accession began the War of Spanish Succession in 1701-1713.
Pindar (518-438 b.C.) Greek lyric poet, noted for his Epinikia, odes commemorating victories in the Greek games
Plato (427-347) Greek philosopher: with his teacher Socrates and his pupil Aristotle, he is regarded as the initiator of western philosophy. His influential theory of ideas, which makes a distinction between objects of sense perception and the universal ideas of forms of which they are an expression, is pormulated in such dialogues as Phaedo, Symposium, and The Republic. Other works include The Apology and Laws.
Pliny 1. (23-79 a.C.) known as Pliny the Elder. Latin name Gaius Plinius Secundus. Roman writer, the author of the encyclopedic Natural History (77). 2. (62-113 a.C.) his nephew, known as Pliny the Younger. Latin name Gaius Plinius Caesilius Secundus. Roman writer and administrator, noted for his letters.
Pole, Reginald (1500-1558) English cardinal; last Roman Catholic archbishop of Canterbury in 1556-1558.
Poliziano (Montepulciano 1454-Florence 1494) (Angelo Ambrogini, named il Poliziano). Italian poet and humanist.
Polyhymnia Greek myth. the Muse of singing, mime, and sacred dance
Pompey (106-48 b.C.) called Pompey the Great; Latin name Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus; Roman general and statesman; a member with Caesar and Crassus of the first triumvirate in 60 b.C.. He later quarreled with Caesar, who defeated him at Pharsalus in 48. He fled to Egypt and was murdered.
Praxiteles (4th century b.C.) Greek sculptor: his works include statues of Hermes at Olympia, which survives, and of Aphrodite at Cnidus.
Praz, Mario (Rome 1896-1982) Italian literature critic. After work in universities of Liverpool in 1924-1932 and Manchester in 1932-1934 as a professor, he continued his activity as a professor of English literature in the University of Rome.
Primoli, Joseph (count) (Rome 1851-1929) Italian scholar and photographer, founder of the Napoleonic Museum in Rome; being a friend of Italian and French scholars Juseppe had his quite famous drawing room.
Propertius, Sextus (50-15 b.C.) Roman elegiac poet
Prussia a former German state in northern and central Germany, extending from France and the Low Countries to the Baltic Sea and Poland: developes as the chief military power of the Continent, leading the North German Confederation from 1867-1871, when the German Empire was established; dissolved in 1947 and divided between East and West Germany, Poland, and the former Soviet Union. Area: (in 1939) 294,100 sq.km (113,545 sq.miles). German name: Preussen.
Ptolemy (Claudius Prolemaeus) (2nd century a.C.) Greek astronomer, mathematician and geograoher. His Geography was the standard geographical textbook until the discoveries of the 15th century. His system of astronomy, as expounded in the Almagest, remained undisputed until the Copernican system was evolved.
Pythagoras (580-500 b.C.) Greek philosopher and mathematician. He founded a religious brotherhood, which followed a life of strict asceticism and greatly influenced the development of mathematics and its application to music and astronomy.
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