"Mausoleo di Augusto (Mausoleum of Augustus), Rome" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 11th January 2012
The mausoleum was erected by Augustus for himself and members of his family in the middle of the ancient Campus Martius, which in that epoch was covered by gardens. The monument was represented by an ample square with a circular construction in the center with a diameter of 87m and height of 44m. On the top of it was a planted with cypresses and crowned by a statue of Augustus. Inside was a hall where the urns of the members of the imperial family were preserved. The last Roman emperor to be buried here was Nerva in 98 A.D.
On the sides of entrance to the mausoleum were two obelisks that were brought to Rome by Domitian and now are in Piazza del Quirinale and Piazza del Esquilino. Here were also some bronze tablets with the autobiography of Augustus, which copy was found in Ancara and the test was reproduced on the basement of Ara Pacis.
After a long period of abandon the ancient ruins of the monument were fortified in the 12th century by the Colonna and were given name of "Agosta". Gregory IX had the castle demolished and since then mausoleum became a cave of building material. In 1354 Cola di Rienzo was cremated here. Nearly all destroyed the construction was used as a vine-yard and a garden till the 16th century, when the Soderini family adapted it for the corridas of bulls, tourneys and performances of fireworks. Later it became a property of the Correa and later still of the Vivaldi-Armentieri. Under Pius VII the mausoleum passed to the pope's state and after it to the Italian state. Till 1888 it was used as a scene of performances, but was closed because of the danger of fire.
Afterwards it was used as a store and as a studio of a sculptor Chiaradia, where he sculptured the great equestrian statue of Victor Emmanuel II for his monument on Piazza Venezia.
Finally the mausoleum passed to the Commune of Rome, which used it as a concert hall until 1936. It was excavated and restored in 1926-1930. The inhabited zone around it was cleaned from houses by creation of a big Piazza Augusto Imperatore with the goal to isolate this important archeological monument.
Mausoleo di Augusto (Mausoleum of Augustus)
Piazza Augusto Imperatore
00186, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Campo Marzio (P.Spagna-P.Popolo-Pincio) (Roma centro)
Mausoleo di Augusto (Mausoleum of Augustus) is Shown By "Map E Zone" As "15"
Telephone: 0039 06 060608
NOTE: The site is closed for maintenance until further notice.
You can reach Piazza Augusto Imperatore By the following Bus Station:
(Know before you go: Rome Bus stops, Bus Lines, Signs, Color, etc.)
224 (l.go sperlonga)
913F (gattorno rosa/paladini)
913 (staz.ne monte mario)
Closest Railway stations near Piazza Augusto Imperatore:
STAZIONE FLAMINIO, Di Villa Ruffo (via), 1, 596 mt. away
ROMAVITERBO EUCLIDE, Filippo Civinini (via), 883 mt. away
STAZIONE SAN PIETRO, Della Stazione Di San Pietro (piazza), 1, 973 mt. away
STAZIONE TERMINI, Dei Cinquecento (piazza), 1 974 mt. away
ROMAPANTANO TERMINI LAZIALI, Giovanni Giolitti (via), 64, 1.2 km away
Closest Tourist Information Points near Piazza Augusto Imperatore:
Navona, Piazza delle Cinque Lune, 335 mt. away
Fontana di Trevi, Via Minghetti, 345 mt. away
Castel Sant'Angelo, Piazza Pia, 427 mt. away
Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Via Nazionale 194, 723 mt. away
Visitor Center Fori Imperiali, Via dei Fori Imperiali, 724 mt. away
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Getting To Mausoleo di Augusto (Mausoleum of Augustus) From Via Ripetta:
Departure from roma via di ripetta , 1
walk 350 meters
to roma piazza augusto imperatore , 1
distance covered (metres) 350 meters