"Mausoleo di Santa Costanza (Santa Costanza Church), Rome" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 11th January 2012
It is a mausoleum of two daughters of emperor Constantine: Constantia and Helena, annexed to the Basilica of St Agnes outside the Walls. It was built by Constantia before 354 as a mausoleum for herself and her sister. Quite soon it was used as a baptistery, and from 1254 as a church. Afterwards it was considered to be an ancient Temple of Bacchus, because of its mosaics representing the grape-harvest. For this reason it was chosen as a meeting point for the artists in the 18th-19th century, and from here the carnivals took their beginning in direction to the city center.
The mausoleum is a splendid example of palaeo-Christian architecture on a central plan, preceded by a narthex. Interior is divided by 24 Corinthian granite columns in an ambulatory with beautiful 4th century mosaics, and a central zone with altar. The dome has a diameter of 22.5m, the abundant light enters the church from 12 large windows beneath the dome. The mausoleum preserves a reproduction of a porphyry sarcophagus of Constantia, which original is in the Vatican Museums.
Santa Costanza is a church in Rome, built under Emperor Constantine I and place of burial (mausoleum) of his daughters Constantina and Helena. Later, Constantina was venerated as saint, with the Italian name of Costanza, and the church was dedicated to her.
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Mausoleo di Santa Costanza (Santa Costanza Church),
Via Nomentana, 349, 00198 Roma, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Subway: Campi Sportivi
Shown By "Map C Zone" As "8"
Tel: +39 06 861 0840