Molise (Campobasso) - Southern Regions

"Molise (Campobasso) - Southern Regions" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Thursday 28th April 2011

Molise (Campobasso) - Southern Regions, italy

The name Molise (Mulhouse) was born in times of Frederick II (1194-1250). But only since 1963 the region became autonomous being before it the part of the territory called Abruzzi-Molise.

Area: 4 438 (1713 sq.miles) (1.5%), population: 330 000 inhabitants (0.6%), density of population: 75 inhab./

Only in the second half of the XX century on the territory of Molise were brought some real changes in life organization. The natural isolation created by mountains protected the peoples living here and their land.

Only in 1864, when along the sea coast territory of the region was built the railway, Molise started more intensive communications with the outer world. Even if the natural conditions for agriculture are not the best in Italy, this region has the greatest number of employed in agricultural sector.

Recently were built some industrial plants and touristic structures especially in mountain parts. Because of poor economy and little perspectives for the future this region was abandoned by its inhabitants for nearly all of its history and especially in the XX century.



Man and Territory Economy and Resources

Archeology and Art


Molise was inhabited by Sunnits. . .

Roman Epoch
(from II century b.C.)

Conquest and colonization by Romans. Modest transformations of the territory due to clayey nature of the soil and limited resources. The main activity of the human beings is sheep-breeding. The Roman city of Sepinum, Roman theatre in Pietrabbondante.

Middle Ages
(V - XV centuries)

Invasions and domination of Lombards and Saracens; in 1053 the Norman count Ugo di Mulhouse became the feudal governer of Molise. . Abbey of San Vincenzo in Volturno (beginning of VIII century); cathedral in Termoli (XII century).

(XV - XVI centuries)

Domination of the Aragons. Settlement of Albanian tradesmen. . Blooming silver production in Agnone. Construction of fortified castles and palaces.

Modern Epoch (XVII-XVIII)

After short domination of Austrians, Molise was included into Bourbon's kingdom of the south of Italy till 1861. . .

XIX - XX centuries

From 1861 till 1963 Molise is a part of Italian state united in one region with Abruzzi. The principal economic activities remained agriculture and sheep-breeding. After the WWII the waters of Biferno started to be used for local needs of energy resources.  

Molise (Campobasso) Map:

Molise (Campobasso) Map


The region is closed between the Adriatic sea and the Apennines; borders on Abruzzi (north), Latium (west), Campania (south), Puglia (east) and the Adriatic (north-east).


January: 0.2 C

July: 20.2 C


The climate in Molise is rigid in the mountains that remain covered by snow for many months during the winter. In the hill, coast and valley del Volturno zones the climate is milder.


The territory of the region is compound of mountains and hills now nearly abandoned by the population; impoverished forest is no longer in use; the rivers have very little importance for agriculture as well as for energy production.


plain: 0%

hill: 45%

mountain: 55%


Total: 350 000




The region remained untouched by the principal ways of connection between south and north of country and Tyrrhenian and Adriatic seas. The only important railway goes along the sea coast. The highway network is poor due to high relieves of the landscape.

Agriculture and breeding.

Agriculture is one of the principal economical resources of the region, but its production is very limited. The obstacles to the growth in this sector are: geographical position, climate and landscape, poor organization and traditional mentality, not fertile lands, scarce irrigation and mechanization, excessive fragmentation of the agricultural property and too much little tendency of land owners to unite their forces. The most important products of this sector are maize and wheat, vegetables, fruits, olive, wine, tabacco; very modest production of cattle and decreasing breeding of sheep.


agriculture: 15%

industry: 28%


other: 57%



44 000 000 kWh


180 000 kWh



128 000 000 kWh


50 000 kWh


Molise is one of the less industrialized regions of Italy. The exception is only the zone of Termoli with not big Fiat automobile factory. The new industrial center is created in the province of Isernia. The little private artisan businesses are specialized in food, metallic, mechanic, clothing and construction productions.
The other activities spread in the region are commerce and tourism, but only the northern part of Molise is supplied with the necessary infrastructure for the latter.


Poor of economical resources the region has very little number of inhabitants reduced by emigration. 45% of the population live in 13 communes of the region. Should also be noted that for ages on this territory live some little not Italian ethnic groups of Slav (San Felice del Molise, Montemitro) and Albanian origins (Portocannone, Ururi).

Births (per 1000)

Italy: 9.9

Molise: 10.5

Deaths (per 1000)

Italy: 9.3

Molise: 9.5


Italy: 0.6

Molise: 1.0

Inhabitants per car

Italy: 2.0

Molise: 2.3

Expenses for sport/recreation

(It.Liras per inhabitant)

Italy: 48 500

Molise: 19 000


The inhabitants of Molise conduct one of the most modest ways of life in Italy. The recent times didn't change this situation. The quantity of young people is much exceeded by the quantity of pensioners. The regional life is characterized by strong traditions and low level of criminality.

Provinces and communes.

The territory of the region is divided into two provinces: Campobasso and Isernia with 136 communes.

Monthly income

per inhabitant

1 020 000 It.Liras 

(510 US Dollars)

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