Museums, Monuments and Archaeological Areas

Foro di Augusto (Forum of Augustus)

Foro di Augusto (Forum of Augustus) Emperor Augustus built another forum close to the one of Caesar. It was larger and was protected by a high wall. In the center was a Temple of Mars Ultor (the Avenger), which Augustus promised to erect during a battle with Philipps in 42 b.C. revenging the death of Caesar. It stood on a basement 3.5meters high with the steps preceding it. The temple had eight Corinthian...

Foro di Nerva or Transient Forum

Foro di Nerva or Transient Forum Emperor Nerva finished construction of this Forum in 96-98 A.D., which was begun by Domitian on the area between Forum of Augustus and Forum of Vespasian. It was also named Forum Transitorium due to a street that crossed it, Argiletum, which lead from the Roman Forum to the Esquiline Hill. The Foro di Nerva or Transient Forum is one of fori imperiali of Rome, the penultimate...

Basilica Ulpia (Moved from Roman Forum to Forum of Traian)

This was the most important basilica after two ancient ones: Emilia and Giulia. With its construction the political life moved from the Roman Forum to this Foro di Traiano (Forum of Trajan). It was dedicated to the administration of justice and presence of emperor; and it was the largest in Rome (120m by 60m).The Basilica Ulpia was compound of a great central nave with the...

Colonna Traiana (Trajan's Column)

Colonna Traiana (Trajan's Column) This column was erected in 113 A.D. and illustrates the course of war with the Dacians on the territory of modern Romania. The column is made of a series of 18 marble drums ending with the Doric capital. Inside of it are 185 steps leading to the top. The Column stands in front of the Churches of the Madonna del Loreto and of the SS. Nome di Maria, next to the ruins of the...

Tempio (Temple) di Traiano

This temple was erected in 117 A.D. by emperor Hadrian in memory of his deified predecessor Traian and his wife Plotina. It occupied the part of the Forum of Traian where at present is Palazzo Valentini and Chiesa di S.Maria di Loreto. The temple was of the giant dimensions, which is proved by an immense granite column found here (now placed close to the Column of Traian). The...

Torre (Tower) delle Milizie in Via Quattro Novembre

Torre (Tower) delle Milizie in Via Quattro Novembre The origins of this tower are not known, as well as the origins of its name, but it could be supposed that it had something to do with some military functions or with a kind of ancient police called "milizie". The tower is in Via Quattro Novembre, in the area between the church of S. Caterina and the complex of the Mercati di Traiano. The legend says that emperor Nero watched...

Torre (Tower) de' Conti

It was built over a preceding fortification in the exedra of the Forum of Vespasian in the end of the 12th century by Innocent III Conti. It was not only a private construction, but the main stronghold of the Church, as it belonged to such a family as the Conti, which gave 12 popes and 25 cardinals, and was in the center of barons' wars in the Middle Ages. The tower is...

Villa Albani

Villa Albani There was not a place which could satisfy more the needs, inclinations and wishes of Cardinal Alessandro Albani. Anzio would have provided him with prestige, wealth and fame, since he found there the right humus to feed his profound passion: the archaeology. A fertile land was waiting for anyone able to raise the blanket of centuries and discover those incomparable treasures...

Porta (Gate) Pia and Museum of the Bersaglieri

Porta (Gate) Pia and Museum of the Bersaglieri After the ancient gate Porta Nomentana was closed with the goal to straighten the tract of the new road penetrating the city Via Pia (from the name of pope who wanted all this work done Pius IV Medici), the construction of the new gate was ordered to Michelangelo. It was erected in 1561-1564. The decorations contain the symbols of two professions: barbers and surgeons, who...

Monumento al Bersagliere (Monument to a Bersagliere)

Monumento al Bersagliere (Monument to a Bersagliere) Close to the Breccia di Porta (Gate) Pia [Opposite the gate, on the external side, at the centre of the Piazzale di Porta Pia] there is a marble and bronze monument monument where the breach was made and across from the gate, outside the city walls, stands the Monumento al Bersagliere. The Monumento al Bersagliere (Monument to a Bersagliere) was erected in 1932 by Italo...

Terme di Diocleziano (Diocletian Bath)

Terme di Diocleziano (Diocletian Bath) Terme di Diocleziano/ The Baths of Diocletian were the biggest in Rome and had the same scheme as the Baths of Trajan and Baths of Caracalla; they could accommodate 3000 people at once. They were built in 298-306 by emperor Diocletian who widely used the work of condemned for political crimes and especially those who practiced the new Christian religion. The Terme di...

National Roman Museum of Diocletian Bath (Museo Nazionale Romano delle Terme di Diocleziano)

National Roman Museum of Diocletian Bath, rome Museo Nazionale Romano delle Terme di Diocleziano (National Roman Museum of Diocletian Bath) was unveiled in 1889 and could be considered as one of the most important collections of ancient sculpture in the world. The museum contains the works of art found during the excavations executed after 1870. This museum was founded to collect the antiquities of Rome and was recently...

Octagonal Hall (ex Planetarium) of Diocletian Bath/ Aula Ottagona delle Terme di Diocleziano

The Octagonal Hall (ex Planetarium) of the Baths of Diocletian provides a splendid setting for some works from the Museo Nazionale Romano. The rectangular exterior hides a domed octagonal interior, which starting from the 20's of the 20th century served as a Planetarium. The hall is thought to have connected the open-air gymnasium and gardens of the Baths of Diocletian with...

Obelisco di Dogali (Egyptian Obelisk) on the Baths of Diocletian

Obelisco di Dogali (Egyptian Obelisk) on the Baths of Diocletian This is a little Egyptian Obelisk of the epoch of the pharaoh Ramses II, discovered in 1883 at the tribune of the church of S.Maria sopra Minerva. Obelisco di Dogali is small spire, crowned by a star, is situated on the ancient site of the Terme di Diocleziano (Diocletian Bath). In 1887 it was incorporated in a monument by F.Azzurri dedicated to 548 Italian soldiers ambushed...

National Roman Museum - Palazzo Massimo

The palace was built in 1887 by architect Camillo Pistrucci according to the wish of Jesuit Massimiliano Massimo (1849-1911) who destined it for the seat of Jesuit scholastic institute which was conducted before 1870 in Collegio Romano. National Roman Museum - Palazzo Massimo (Museo Nazionale Romano - Palazzo Massimo) was restored as the new seat of the Museo Nazionale Romano...