Museums, Monuments and Archaeological Areas

Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major) and Its Museum

Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major) and Its Museum This is one of the four major patriarchal basilicas in Rome. The basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major) is the most important of the Roman churches dedicated to the Madonna. It rises on top of the Cispio (the highest of the three ramifications that make the Esquiline Hill) on the ruins of a complex founded in the Augustan age and successively enlarged and...

Palazzo Brancaccio (Home of National Museum of Oriental Art and IsIAO)

Palazzo Brancaccio (Home of National Museum of Oriental Art and IsIAO) Brancaccio Palace is the last Roman Patrician Palace built in 1880 in the heart of the eternal city, Rome. Located on Colle Oppio, near Emperor Nero's,"Domus Aurea" and the seven hills, between Colosseum and the famous Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. The palace was built in 1892-1895 for the noble Neapolitan Brancaccio family, which wanted to move to the new capital of...

Roman Aquarium Architecture House (Casa dell'Architettura all'Acquario Romano)

Roman Aquarium Architecture House (Casa dell'Architettura all'Acquario Romano) This typical construction of the Umbertine's epoch was unveiled in 1885, but after a short time the aquarium was closed and its building was adapted for different needs. This rather grand building was designed as Rome's aquarium (and its name is still the Acquario Romano, Roman Aquarium). Located close to Stazione Termini, Now it serves as a store for the scene decorations of...

National Central Library of Rome (Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale)

logo of National Central Library of Rome (Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale) The National Library Vittorio Emanuele II, was founded in 1873, it contains the funds of circa 70 suppressed convents and was transferred here from the old seat in Palazzo del Collegio Romano. The new seat was opened on January 31, 1975 and occupies the territory of 56,000 sq.m.. It consists of three buildings. The book store's capacity is 6 million volumes; the reading halls...

Sapienza University City (Città Universitaria) and Its 21 Museums

Sapienza University City (Città Universitaria) and Its 21 Museums Citta Unisersitaria is one of the northern areas of Rome, sitting of Roman’s universities, such as Universita' Degli Studi Di Roma 'La Sapienza', Centro Universitario Sportivo. This University City (Città Universitaria) was built in 1932-1935 according to a project of M.Piacentini and, later, of other architects, to house the ancient "Studium Urbis", which had its traditional...

Sant'Onofrio al Gianicolo Church (Tasso Monument & Tassian Museum)

Sant'Onofrio al Gianicolo Church (Tasso Monument & Tassian Museum) The Chiesa di Sant'Onofrio al Gianicolo (Church of Sant'Onofrio al Gianicolo)/ Convento e chiostro di Sant'Onofrio (Monastery and cloister of Sant'Onofrio) were founded by Blessed Nicolas da Forca Palena in 1419 and restored by Pius IX in 1857. A L-shaped Renaissance portico (pictured below) connects the church and monastery. By the convent entrance is the tomb of the founder...

Palazzo Corsini - National Gallery of Ancient Art

Anton Van Dyck at Palazzo Corsini - National Gallery of Ancient Art The palace was built in 15th century by cardinal Girolamo Riario. After it was enlarged by Julius II, the palace came in the phase of its prosperity , as here made the residences in 1668-1689, the queen Christina of Sweden, who transformed the palace in the center of Roman cultural life. The Palazzo Corsini, formerly known as Palazzo Riario, is a 15th century palace that was...

San Pancrazio Gate (Porta) In The Janiculum

San Pancrazio Gate (Porta) In The Janiculum This gate stands on the highest point of Janiculum Hill and takes the name from the near by basilica of S.Pancrazio. It was built by Urban VIII, and rebuilt by V.Vespignani in 1857 after the decisive battle here between the French forces and Garibaldi in 1849. This gate, once known as the Porta Aurelia was the starting-point of the Via Aurelia which is atop the Gianicolo (or...

Former Teatro di Pompeo (Pompey Theatre) is Now Teatro Dei Satiri (Satiric Theatre)

Teatro Dei Satiri (Satiric Theatre), rome The semicircular street Via di Grottapinta corresponds the to the auditorium of the first and the greatest stone theatre in ancient Rome, Teatro di Pompeo or Theatre of Pompey, built in 61 and 55 b.C.. The diameter of the auditorium reached 150m, the scene was 90m wide, and on the top was erected a Temple of Venice. Behind the scene of the theatre a rectangular portico 180m x...

Palace of Chancellery/ Palazzo della Cancelleria - Extraterritorial Property Of The Holy See

Palace of Chancellery/ Palazzo della Cancelleria of the Holy See In the past the palace was attributed to Bramante, but for chronological stylistic motives this opinion was changed and now Palazzo della Cancelleria is attributed to A.Bregno, leaving to Bramante the merit of a perfect courtyard and a church incorporated in construction. The palace is considered to be the masterpiece of patronage of the family of pope Sixtus IV della Rovere,...

Criminology Museum (Museo Criminologico) - Former Juvenile Prison (Carcere Minorile)

Criminology Museum, Former Juvenile Prison (Carcere Minorile) The Museum of Criminology was founded in 1931 by the Minister of Justice Alfredo Rocco and was initially set up in the seventeenth century building of the Palazzo delle Carceri Nuove (New Prisons) in Via Giulia and moved to the adjacent former juvenile prison (Palazzo del Carcere Minorile) in Palazzo del Gonfalone in 1975. At present it is a seat of Museo Criminologico (...

Borromini’s Oratory of Saint Phillip Neri (Oratorio dei Filippini del Borromini)/ Sala Borromini

Sala Borromini/ Borromini’s Oratory of Saint Phillip Neri The great architectural complex created by Borromini on the side of Chiesa Nuova includes Oratory and a convent with the library. The Borromini’s Oratory of Saint Phillip Neri (Oratorio dei Filippini del Borromini) is a building located in Rome and erected between 1637 and 1650 by Francesco Borromini. He belonged to the Congregation of the Oratory, founded by Philip Neri in...

Palazzo della Sapienza - State Archive of Rome

Palazzo della Sapienza - State Archive of Rome The first palace on this site was built in 1244, but the palace in its modern forms was begun in epoch of Julius II and Leo X in the beginning of the 16th century, with participation of Michelangelo in course of project creation. The definite remodeling is work of G.Della Porta (1575). In particular, he executed the facade and a courtyard. After some time Sixtus V had the...

Palazzo Braschi - Seat of Museo di Roma (Museum of Rome)

This was the last palace in Rome erected for the papal family, and is one of the most imposing constructions of the pontifical Rome. Palazzo Braschi was built by C.Morelli for the duke Luigi Braschi-Onesti, nephew of Pius VI, on the site of Palazzo Orsini, which was built by Francesco Orsini in the beginning of the 15th century. A magnificent great staircase is work of G....

Museo di Roma (Museum of Rome) at Palazzo Braschi

The museum was founded in 1930 to illustrate the history and life of Rome from the Middle Ages to the present day. It was first located in the building of ex-pasta factory in Piazza Bocca della Verita', and was transferred in Palazzo Braschi in 1952 when it was restored. Many of the works of art come from demolished buildings. The collection included detached frescoes by...