Museums, Monuments and Archaeological Areas

Temple of Romolus (Tempio di Romolo)

Temple of Romolus (Tempio di Romolo) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) is a little octagonal construction which should be recognized as the Temple of the Suffered, rather than the temple which emperor Maxentius dedicated to the memory of his son Romulus died in 309 and buried on Via Appia. The bronze door is original. Interior is made of round hall with the two cells in the...

Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)/ Tempio di Castore e Polluce (o dei Dioscuri)

Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri) Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)/ Tempio di Castore e Polluce (o dei Dioscuri) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) was built in 484 b.C. by the dictator Aulus Postumius in honour of the twin heroes Castor and Pollux, whose miraculous appearance at the battle of Lake Regillus in 496 b.C. brought victory to the Romans. The site for the temple was chosen close to the Basin...

House of Vestals (Vestal Virgins) and Temple of Vesta

House of Vestals (Vestal Virgins) and Temple of Vesta The beautiful large rectangular House of Vestals or Vestal Virgins (Casa delle Vestali/ Atrium Vestae) of virgin guards of the sacred fire, four or six privileged and venerated priestess, who were chosen by the head of the State between the six and ten years old girls from the patrician families, who served for 30 years keeping the vow of chastity, of which ten years she was...

Temple of Caesar (Divine Julius)/ Tempio di Cesare (o del Divo Giulio)

Close to the Temple of Vesta, on the site where the body of murdered Julius Caesar was cremated and where Marcus Antonius pronounced his famous funeral oration, the Senate erected an altar. In 29 b.C. Octavian (Augustus) dedicated a newly built temple (pictured). It was little construction on a podium, decorated with the rostra and containing a colossal statue of Caesar. In...

Basilica of Maxentius or (of Constantine)/ Basilica di Massenzio (o di Costantino)

Basilica of Maxentius or (of Constantine)/ Basilica di Massenzio (o di Costantino) in the Roman Forum/ Forum Romanum (Foro Romano) was begun by Maxentius in 306-312 and finished by Constantine. It was set on the Velia, i.e. the hill on the east limit of the Roman Forum, over the previous constructions served for living. Basilica was entirely made of bricks and tiles; its...

Temple of Venus and Rome (Tempio di Venere e Roma)

This is the greatest temple of the ancient Rome; its dimensions are 145m x 100m. It was erected by Hadrian and, as the legend says, by his own project strongly influenced by Greek architecture, in 121 A.D., to honor the main divinities of the empire: Venus (the mother of Aeneas, ancestor of the Gens Julia, founder of Empire) and Roma (deified idea of the city of Rome and its...

Arch of Titus (Arco di Tito)

Arch of Titus (Arco di Tito) in the Roman Forum/ Forum Romanum (Foro Romano) was erected by Domitian in honor of his father Vespasian and brother Titus, starting from 81 A.D. He wanted particularly celebrate their victories in the Judaean War and conquering of Jerusalem by Titus in 70 A.D. Thus this monument could be considered as an exceptional historical proof of the...

Roman Forum or Forum Romanum (Foro Romano)

The Roman Forum/ Forum Romanum (Foro Romano) occupies the plain zone between three hills: Palatine, Capitoline and Quirinal. Its birth corresponds to aggregation of the new hills and villages around it, which made necessary creation of the place of commercial, political and cultural exchange. They have chosen this site after it was reclaimed by construction of the Cloaca...

Palace of Tiberius and Caligula (Palazzo di Tiberio e di Caligola)

At the north-west end of the Palatine Hill are the ruins of the Palace of Tiberius and Caligula (Palazzo di Tiberio e di Caligola), built in the 1st century AD. These impressive imperial constructions once occupied the greatest part of Germalo, i.e. one of three summits of the Palatine Hill. The gardens of Farnese are spread over the underground territories of these palaces,...

The complex of Palazzo di Domiziano (Domitian Palace) on the Palatine Hill

In the last years of the 1st century after Christ, the south eastern area of the Palatino hill sees the construction of the large quarter of the Domizianei palaces with the complexes of the "Stadium of Domiziano", of the "Domus Flavia" and of the "Domus Augustana". It occupies nearly the whole of the Palatine Hill and consists of a number of buildings that were planned by...

House of Livia (Casa di Livia) on the Palatine Hill

It was a simple house in which emperor Augustus lived for 40 years with the modesty that his successors never knew. The Palatine hill was a residence zone preferred by the rich and noble representative of Roman society. Augustus enlarged his house and decorated its walls with the paintings. It bears the name of Livia, wife of Augustus. The House of Livia (Casa di Livia) at...

House of Romulus (Capanne di Romolo/ Casa di Romolo)

A number of excavations conducted in this zone of Palatine Hill revealed an inhabited area compound of huts, which existed here since 9th-8th centuries b.C., the time of foundation of Rome and legend about Romulus and Remus, its founders. Not far from this primitive village were discovered the ruins of some wells and two archaic cisterns (6th century b.C.). (Photo Credit:...

Palace of Septimius Severus (Settimio Severo/ Domus Severiana) on the Palatine Hill

On entering the complex from Via di San Gregorio, head uphill on the Palatine Hill until you come to the first recognizable construction, the Stadium of Domitian (Stadio di Domiziano). Adjoining the stadium are the scant remains of the complex built by Septimius Severus, comprising baths (Terme di Settimio Severo) and a palace (Domus Severiana ). Palace of Septimius Severus/...

Paedagogium or Boarding School on the Palatine Hill

The Alexamenos graffito (also known as the graffito blasfemo is an inscription carved in plaster on a wall near the Palatine Hill in Rome, now in the Palatine Antiquarium Museum. The graffito was discovered in 1857 when a building called the domus Gelotiana was unearthed on the Palatine Hill. The emperor Caligula had acquired the house for the imperial palace, which, after...

Sacred Area and Church of Sant'Omobono

The Church of Sant'Omobono was built over pre-existent San Salvatore in Portico. The church is located in the zone of very ancient sacred area previously occupied by temples dating from the Republican epoch (9th-8th centuries b.C.); and the traces of human life dating from 1500 b.C.. It was reconstructed by Corporation of Tailors in 1574 on the site of ancient church of...