Museums, Monuments and Archaeological Areas

Vatican Museum's Pinacoteca (Picture/Painting Gallery), Vatican City, Rome

Vatican Museum's, Vatican City, Rome Vatican's Pinacoteca, Musei Vaticani / Vatican Museum's Pinacoteca (Picture/Painting Gallery) was founded by Pius VI. The present building in the Lombardic Renaissance style, by L.Beltrami, was unveiled in 1932. Under the Treaty of Tolentino (1797) the best works were transferred to France by Napoleon, but 77 were recovered in 1815. 460 Paintings The idea of an art gallery...

Hospital Ospedale Santo Spirito in Saxia (Sassia), Rome

Hospital Ospedale Santo Spirito in Saxia (Sassia), Rome The Hospital was founded by Innocent III in 1200. He enlarged the old hospice (Schola Saxonum) of the Saxon king Ine. The word "Sassia" derives from "Saxonum". Pope gave the institution in the hands of Guido di Montpellier, who established l'Ordine Ospedaliero di Santo Spirito taking care of orphans, abandoned and illegitimate children, giving them board and lodging, as well...

Borghese Gallery and Museum (Museo e Galleria Borghese), Rome

Raphael's Deposition at Borghese Gallery, Rome The palace of Villa Borghese houses worldly famous art gallery. It was projected by F.Ponzio and continued after his death by G.Vasanzio, who decorated the facade with stuccoes that bordered ancient sculptures, moved in Louvre under Napoleon. In the end of the 18th century internal decoration of the palace was notable changed under direction of A.Asprucci. The building was...

Mausoleo di Augusto (Mausoleum of Augustus), Rome

Mausoleo di Augusto (Mausoleum of Augustus), Rome The mausoleum was erected by Augustus for himself and members of his family in the middle of the ancient Campus Martius, which in that epoch was covered by gardens. The monument was represented by an ample square with a circular construction in the center with a diameter of 87m and height of 44m. On the top of it was a planted with cypresses and crowned by a statue of Augustus...

Museo/Museum dell'Ara Pacis (Ara Pacis Augustae), Rome

Museo/Museum dell'Ara Pacis (Ara Pacis Augustae), Rome This religious monument was erected in 13-9 b.C. to celebrate the peace established in the Roman empire by Augustus. Originally it was located on the site of present Palazzo Fiano. The altar was partly excavated beneath the palace in 1568 and in the 19th century, and its fragments went to different collections and museums of Europe. The basement and last pieces of Ara Pacis...

Piazza della Trinita' dei Monti, Rome

Piazza della Trinita' dei Monti, Rome This is one of the places offering a wonderful view on Rome and is located right in front of the Chiesa della Trinita' dei Monti. Usually it is all occupied by artists working here during the day. In the middle of the square is an obelisk, a Roman imitation of Imperial epoch of the Egyptian obelisks. It was erected here in 1789 by the wish of Pius VI. The obelisk is 13m high...

Palazzo del Parlamento (Palazzo di Montecitorio), Rome

Palazzo del Parlamento (Palazzo di Montecitorio), Rome It was built by E.Basile in 1908-1918 as a seat of Camera dei Deputati (Chamber of Deputies), adjoining to the Palazzo di Montecitorio. The Chamber is panelled in oak and brightly illuminated from above by a row of windows pierced in the cornice. Below the cornice is frieze by G.A.Sartorio (1908), representing the development of Italian civilization. The fine bas-relief in...

Piazza della Rotonda and Its Fountain (Fontana del Pantheon), Rome

Piazza della Rotonda, Rome This square in front of Pantheon was given its medieval name "della Rotonda" by Romans, which derives from the round form of Pantheon. For centuries it was a very animated place and a site of market, moved away from here only in 1847. After it the square was paved with the characteristic Roman stones "sampietrini", and in 1906 was covered by wooden panels in form of parquet,...

Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain), Rome

Trevi Fountain at Piazza di Trevi, Rome Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain) is one of the most famous sights of Rome, and of the most successful monuments built in Rome in the 18th century. The fountain was built under Clement XII in 1732-1762 by the project of N.Salvi (finished after Salvi's death by Giuseppe Pannini), who's project was chosen among other 16. The statue of the Ocean is by P.Bracci (1762), the rest of...

Villa Torlonia, Museums [Casino Nobile, Casina delle Civette (Owls), Casino dei Principi (Princes)]

granite obelisks, Villa Torlonia, Museums It could be considered as the last of the great princely villas because it was totally remade during the 19th century by Torlonia, rich family of bankers, to compete with the analogue property of the ancient Roman noble families. The last owner of the previous villa was the Bolognetti family from who Giovanni Torlonia bought it in 1806. The architects working on its...

Villa Doria Pamphili (Pamphilj): Museum, Casino, Theatre, Fountains, Chapel And Garden

Pamphili house Located on the Gianicolo (or Janiculum) Hill the park with its 180 hectares is the largest green area in the Italian capital by including in it a number of oak trees and fence to enclose this wonderful heritage. Better known under the name of Villa Doria Pamphili (Villa Doria Pamphilj) the only change made to its perimeter that was due to "cut" for the opening of the Olympic...

Baths of Caracalla (Terme di Caracalla) - Opera Theater - Caracalla Baths

These baths were begun by Septimius Severus in 206 and were finished by his son Antoninus Caracalla in 216. The model for it served the baths of Trajan. Nevertheless the works over this complex construction continued till Alexandrus Severus and restoration works till Theodorus. The baths were rich with the works of art and apart from the baths contained the gyms, libraries,...

Rome Summer Festival - A Hundred Days of Performance, Concerts and Cultural Events

Rome Summer Festival - Concerts and Cultural Events, Roman Summer Festival is a hundred days of performance, concerts, and cultural events involving the whole city, and stretches from the centre to the suburbs. The event encompasses theatre, music, performance, cinema and art. as well as the discovery of places and stimuli. The festival is an annual summer ritual in Rome. It is becoming increasingly important in the city's...

Via di Porta San Sebastiano and Burial Tomb of Scipio (Scipioni)

Before arriving at Porta San Sebastiano - the ancient Porta Appia in the city walls built in the second half of the third century A.D. by the Emperor Aurelian - there existed (and still exists under the names of Via delle Terme di Caracalla and Via di Porta San Sebastiano) the initial stretch of the road, almost a mile long that, starting off from Porta Capena in the walls of...

Gate/ Porta San Sebastiano (Ancient Appia Gate) & Museum of Walls (Museo Mura)

The ancient gate Porta Appia, better known as Porta San Sebastiano successively took the name of the nearby basilica of S.Sebastiano. It is the largest and best preserved gateway in the Aurelian Wall. The two medieval towers at the sides rest on basements of marble blocks. The gate was reconstructed by Honorius in the beginning of the 5th century and restored a century later....