Museums, Monuments and Archaeological Areas

Latina Gate (Porta Latina) of the Aurelian Wall

The original gate of the Aurelian Wall was enlarged by Honorius, who built on its sides two cylindrical towers and put over it a travertine construction and gives its name to the church of San Giovanni a Porta Latina. From outside the gate has a monogram of Christ and from inside a Greek cross. The name derives from the Via Latina which takes its beginning from here. Also...

Colombarium of Pomponius Hylas Within The Park On Via Latina

Colombarium of Pomponius Hylas (Colombario di Pomponio Hylas) This monument, discovered in 1831 by the erudite antiquarian and collector of artifacts, stands a short distance from the Aurelian Walls, in the public gardens behind the Scipio family sepulchre, access is via number 10 via Latina along a side road that originally connected via Appia and via Latina . It is a laterite built columbarium belonging to Pomponio Hylas and his wife...

Maggiore or Prenestina Gate (Porta Maggiore/ Prenestina)

Maggiore or Prenestina Gate (Porta Maggiore/ Prenestina) The site on which this gate stands is the highest point of the Esquiline Hill, this could explain why eight of eleven aqueducts bringing water to Rome were reaching this point from where could send it in different directions of the city. The Porta Maggiore or Porta Prenestina (Maggiore or Prenestina Gate) was a part of aqueduct crossing in this point two roads via...

Palazzo Sessoriano (Sessorium): Infantry & Tankers Museum, Grenadiers Museum, S.Croce in Gerusalemme

museum of Italian Army at Piazza S. Croce in Gerusalemme, rome In the beginning of the 3rd century in this zone on the south-eastern end of the city was formed a new Imperial residence, better adapted for living than the one on the Palatine Hill. It was called "Sessorium" or "Palace of Sessorium", and was compound of ample gardens, amphitheater, circus, baths and a basilica for negotiation of public affairs. To protect all this the city...

Amphitheater Castrense (Anfiteatro Castrense/ Amphitheatrum Castrense)

Amphitheater Castrense (Anfiteatro Castrense/ Amphitheatrum Castrense) This elliptic construction of not big dimensions (diameters 88m and 76m) served for the performances staged privately by the Imperial family and court. The name of the construction comes from Latin word "castrum" which means "court" and constructed entirely of brick and brick-faced concrete on three orders of arcades, it can be at the present time reconstructed only by antique...

Church and Catacomb of Saints Marcellinus and Peter (SS.Marcellino e Pietro)

Church of Saints Marcellinus and Peter [Chiesa dei SS.Marcellino e Pietro (al Laterano)] The Chiesa dei SS.Marcellino e Pietro (Church of Saints Marcellinus and Peter, sometimes called Petrus Exorcista) is a very old church which origins come from the 4th century. It should have probably been at much lower level in comparison with the present construction. Here close to it...

Scala Santa, Chapel of Sancta Sanctorum and Triclinium of old Lateran Palace

From the old Lateran Palace (Palazzo Laterano/ Palazzo Lateranense) constructions remained after imperial Rome there are three survived and located in one building built by D.Fontana in 1589. These monuments are: Scala Santa, Chapel of the Sancta Sanctorum and Triclinium. Starting from the middle of the 15th century the staircase from the old Lateran Palace was identified...

Mausoleum (Tomb) of Caecilia Metella/ Mausoleo di Cecilia Metella

Mausoleum (Tomb) of Caecilia Metella/ Mausoleo di Cecilia Metella The Mausoleum (Tomb) of Caecilia Metella/ Mausoleo di Cecilia Metella is one of the most famous monuments situated on the Via Appia. The mausoleum was built at the third mile of the Appian Way in the years 30-20 BCE, on a dominant position overlooking the road, just at the point of arrestation of a leucite lava flow ejected 260,000 years ago from the Alban Hills volcanic...

Catacombs of San Callisto (Saint Callistus/ Callixtus), Via Appia Antica

Catacombs of San Callisto (Saint Callistus/ Callixtus), Via Appia Antica Catacombs of San Callisto (Saint Callistus/ Callixtus) [Italian: Le Catacombe di San Callisto] is the biggest underground burial site in Rome, it is formed of several separate areas joined together by tunnels on four different levels, over a distance of 16 km. The Catacombs of San Callisto are the best known of the Roman catacombs and the first official underground burial site...

Villa Circus Maxentius and Romulus Mausoleum (Tomb) or Circus of Caracalla at Via Appia Antica

Along the Appian Way you find the Catacombs of St. Sebastian and also of St. Callistus. One mile after you find the Circus of Maxentius, the Mauseoleum and the house of Romulus (Tomba di Romolo/ Mausoleo di Romolo) - the founder of Rome, and just after it, the Tomb of Cecilia Metella, daughter of a Roman patrician family. The first circus in Rome was the Circus Maximus, in the...

Jewish Catacombs Under Villa Torlonia at Vigna Randanini on Via Appia Antica

Jewish Catacombs Under Villa Torlonia at Vigna Randanini on Via Appia Antica There are 6 known Jewish catacombs (Catacombe Ebraiche) in Rome, two of which are open to the public: Vigna Randanini and Villa Torlonia. Two-thirds of the known Jewish inscriptions from Ancient Rome come from two catacombs. The catacomb at the Vigna Randanini on the Via Appia, excavated in 1859-62 and still surviving, has produced about 200 epitaphs (JIWE ii 204-401, 609-611...

National Museum of Castel Sant'Angelo Summer Entertainment

The National Museum of Castel Sant'Angelo inside retraces its history. The castle has various exhibits ranging from Renaissance paintings and pottery to antique military weapons. A huge spiral ramp ascends upwards the Castel Sant Angelo for about 400 feet. This Fortress was built as a mausoleum for the Emperor Hadrian (AD130-139), but it has also been a prison and a papal...

Patriarcal Basilica of St. Peter in Vatican

Patriarcal Basilica of St. Peter in Vatican, Italy Round 320 Costantino commissioned the Basilica of St. Peter, a huge building made of aisles and naves, preceded by a big atrium, in the place where, according to the tradition, St. Peter Apostle was found. Only during 15th century a long planning leading to the complete restoration of Costantino's basilica, started with the help of several artists and ended about 200 hundred...

Rome Campo de' Fiori

Rome Campo de' Fiori, Italy Where does this nice name, Campo dei Fiori - "Field of Flowers" of the square placed at the borders of the two Roman districts of Parione and Regola come from? According to an ancient but uncertain tradition the name should remind Flora, a woman that Pompeo, a Roman military leader who lived during the 1st century b.c., used to love. More probably instead, it was just the fact...

Arch Architectural Elements in Rome

Navona square - Architectural Element in Rome, Italy An architectural element that was born in Rome, the honorary or triumphal arch was the greatest homage the city could pay to its victors. At the end of a victorious campaign, they had to pass underneath a sacred gate to celebrate their undertakings and, according to a more religious meaning, depose their potential destroyer. Already existing in the 2nd century B.C., the arches...