Museums, Monuments and Archaeological Areas

Palazzo del Quirinale (Quirinal Palace)

Palazzo del Quirinale (Quirinal Palace) Before the palace was built here this site was occupied by a villa created by Ippolito II d'Este, who was a great specialist in villas and had a famous Villa d'Este in Tivoli built. His Roman villa was located on the territory which belonged to the Carafa and rented to him. In 1583-1585 Gregory XIII had the works over the new palace begun by O.Mascherino and M.Longhi. The...

Piazza del Quirinale (Quirinale Square)

Caster & Pollux obelisk in the middle of Piazza del Quirinale It occupies the summit of the Quirinal (60m), one of the Seven Hills of Rome. The square's creation was begun by Gregory XIII in the end of the 16th century. Previously this space was occupied by a Convent of Benedictines of St Paul, destroyed by Paul V, and by constructions of the Colonna, who's property arrived nearly to the facade of the Palazzo del Quirinale. Pope Urban...

Palazzo delle Scuderie/ Scuderie del Quirinale/ Quirinal or Papal Stables

Palazzo delle Scuderie/ Scuderie del Quirinale/ Quirinal or Papal Stables After the Palazzo del Quirinale was finished the necessity to create the square in front of it appeared. In 1722 Innocent XIII ordered A.Specchi construction of a palace in that part of the square where it bordered Giardino Colonna. It was adapted for the guard barracks and horse stables. The new palace was completed under Clement XII by F.Fuga. A part of it was destroyed in...

Universita' Gregoriana Pontificia (Pontifical Gregorian University)/ Pontificio Istituto Biblico (Biblical Institute)

It was built by Giulio Barluzzi in 1930 by the initiative of Pius XI. For its construction an old convent of the 16th century, used in the 19th century as the barracks of the pontifical troops, was destroyed. It is a seat of Pontifical Gregorian University, inheritor of Collegio Romano, which was founded by Gregory XIII. At present it is a research center in the fields of...

Area Sacra (Sacred Holy Area) In Largo di Torre Argentina, Rome

Area Sacra (Sacred Holy Area) In Largo di Torre Argentina, Rome This archeological area was discovered in 1926-1930 during the works for construction of a new building. The name Torre Argenitna (Tower Argentina) derives from a nearby house of a 16th century bishop Hans Burckhardt from Strasburg (in Latin Argentorum), who called his residence Torre Argentina. The Area Sacra (Sacred Area) complex in Largo Argentina is delimited by Via...

Casa del Burcardo/ Raccolta teatrale del Burcardo (Burckhardt Theatrical Museum)

Casa del Burcardo/ Raccolta teatrale del Burcardo (Burckhardt Theatrical Museum) This house was built in 1503 in German style with Gothic elements and a tower, by a papal ceremony-maker, bishop and author of famous epoch reviews, Hans Burckhardt (in Italian - Giovanni Burcardo). It took the name of Torre Argentina from the Latin name of bishop's native town, Strasbourg (Argentoratum). This name of the house became the name of the zone. The House at...

Teatro Argentina (Argentina Theatre) In Largo di Torre Argentina

Teatro Argentina (Argentina Theatre) In Largo di Torre Argentina The Teatro Argentina, owned by the noble Sforza Cesarini family, was opened on 13th January 1732 with Domenico Sarro's opera Berenice. The spot on which the Teatro Argentina stands, however, has a much more ancient history. Indeed, it was once the site of the great senate hall, known as the Curia Pompeii, where Julius Caesar was assassinated and which his adopted son, Augustus...

Circo Flaminio/ Circus of Flaminius (Cortile del Tempio di Apollo in Circo)

An archaeological site very important for ancient Rome that comprises the area between the temple of Apollo and the temple of Bellona. In the court and in the portico of the building are now displayed stones that, in ancient times, occupied, together with the theatre of Marcello, the southern part of the so called "Circo Flaminio". The area between Piazza Cairoli, Teatro di...

Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II (Victor Emmanuel II)/ Vittoriano/ Museo della Patria

statue of Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II, rome, italy In 1878 the Italian Parliament decided to build a national monument in honor of the recently deceased sovereign Victor Emmanuel II. The Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II (National Monument of Victor Emmanuel II) or Altare della Patria (Altar of the Fatherland) or "Il Vittoriano" is a monument to honor Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy, located in Rome...

Fori Imperiali di Roma (Imperial Fora of Rome/ Roman Imperial Forums)

Fori Imperiali di Roma (Imperial Fora of Rome/ Roman Imperial Forums) Construction of Imperial Fora continued for a period of a century and a half, beginning from Julius Caesar and finishing with Traian. With the birth of Roman Empire the old Roman Forum revealed to be too little and not appropriate for the ever-increasing population of Rome and its new role as the capital of nearly all the know world of the epoch. The treasures brought here...

Foro di Cesare (Forum of Caesar)

Foro di Cesare (Forum of Caesar) This Foro di Cesare (Forum of Caesar) was the first one of the five Imprial Fora, built in 51-41 b.C. by Julius Caesar after the conquering of Gaul, which supplied this construction with the needed financial resources. It was located on a square of circa 160m x 75m. On the short northern side of it was erected a Tempio di Venere Genitrice (Temple of Venus Genetrix), from whom...

Domus Romane di (Roman Domus at) Palazzo Valentini (Seat of the Province of Rome)

Palazzo Valentini, seat of the Province of Rome since 1873, was commissioned to be built in 1585 by Cardinal Michele Bonelli, a nephew of Pope Pius V. In the seventeenth century it underwent renovation and a series of extensions were added by Cardinal Carlo Bonelli and Michele Ferdinando Bonelli. This harmonious simple palace was built on the remains of a temple, dedicated by...

Foro di Traiano (Forum of Trajan)

Foro di Traiano (Forum of Trajan) It is the most recent and most grandiose of five Imperial Fora. The big part of it is covered by different modern constructions and streets built over in the centures. While the Fora of other emperors had supplimentary functions, the Forum of Traian became the real center of political and administrative life of Rome, moved here from the old Roman Forum. Here for the first time...

Mercati di Traiano (Trajan's Market) - Imperial Forum Museum (Museo dei Fori Imperiali)

Imperial Forum Museum (Museo dei Fori Imperiali), rome, italy Mercati di Traiano (Trajan's Market) is part of the Forum of Traian was also projected by A.of Damascus, as a complex of nearly 150 individual shops. Here all the goods exported from other regions of Roman empire were brought and sold. The market was erected in the end of the 1st century A.D. - 117 A.D. The six storeyed construction is subdivided in two by a street Via...

Casa dei Cavalieri di Rodi (House of the Knights of Rhodes)

Casa dei Cavalieri di Rodi (House of the Knights of Rhodes) Casa dei Cavalieri di Rodi (House of the Knights of Rhodes) is an ancient seat of the Roman priorate of the Order of the Knights of Malta/ Rhodes (ancient name: Cavalieri di Rodi). The house was built over a Roman construction at the end of the 12th century, and restored by prior of the Order, cardinal Marco Barbo in 1467-70. It has a well-preserved colonnaded atrium, dating...