Osservatorio Astrofisico, Istituto Nazionale Di Astrofisica (INAF), Rome

"Osservatorio Astrofisico, Istituto Nazionale Di Astrofisica (INAF), Rome" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Friday 29th April 2011

Osservatorio Astrofisico, Istituto Nazionale Di Astrofisica (INAF), Rome

The Astronomical and Meteorological Observatory of the Roman University [The Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (National Institute for Astrophysics), or INAF] is located on the summit of the Monte Mario. It moved here in 1935 from the tower on the Capitoline Hill, and occupies the ex Villa Mellini, which was completely reconstructed for its new owner. The villa was built in the middle of the 15th century by Mario Mellini as a meeting place of the humanists of that epoch. The name of Mario Mellini was given to the hill: Monte Mario. Nearby is a tower signing the ideal point of the "first Italian meridian".

Copernican Museum, adjoining the Observatory and founded in 1873, contains mementoes of Copernicus, astrolabes, sextants, quadrants, telescopes, a large collection of globes, and a big library with more than 20,000 volumes. The Observatory is surrounded by a a great pine park: Parco della Vittoria created in 1925. Here is a splendid panoramic square, offering a wonderful view on Rome, especially on its northern part, Foro Italico and Tiber.

INAF is the most important Italian institution conducting scientific research in astronomy and astrophysics. Researches performed by the scientific staff of the Institute go from the study of the planets and minor bodies of the solar system up to researches of cosmological interest (e.g. large-scale structure of the Universe and systems of galaxies).

Address:
Osservatorio Astrofisico,
National Institute for Astrophysics/Istituto Nazionale Di Astrofisica (INAF)
Viale del Parco Mellini, 84
Rampa di Monte Mario, 00136, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Shown By Map A Zone As "10"
Tel: 06 35429711
More: http://www.inaf.it/

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