Palazzo Madama - Senate of the Republic of Italy

"Palazzo Madama - Senate of the Republic of Italy" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 8th June 2011

The palace was built for the Medici in the beginning of the 16th century, but it took the name of Madama Margherita di Parma (d'Austria), a daughter of Charles V and a wife of Alessandro dei Medici (from who she obtained the palace) and afterwords of Ottavio Farnese. She lived here in 1541-1550. Among the famous personalities who had Palazzo Madama as their residence were cardinals-future popes Leo X and Clement VIII, and Caterina de'Medici (future Queen of France). From the Medici it passed to the Lorena, great dukes of Tuscany, and from them it became property of Benedict XIV who placed here Governors of Rome in 1760.

Palazzo Madama - Senate of the Republic of Italy, Rome
When in 1850 the Governorate was suppressed, and the Pontifical Ministry of Finance moved here. For a short period it was also a seat of Central Post Office (till 1870).

For the construction of the palace were pulled down the rests of the ancient Baths of Nero and Alexander, and medieval houses of the Crescenzi. The architect of Palazzo Madama is unknown. But the facade on Piazza Madama was realized in the 17th century by Cigoli with the decorations of P.Marucelli (1649). The palace has three floors and a great central courtyard.

Since 1871 it hosts the Senato Della Repubblica (Senate of the Republic of Italy), that is why it was notably changed to adapt it for the new use. Enlarging of the back part of the palace took place in 1931. In this sector existed till the end of the last century Chiesa di S.Salvatore in Thermis. It was an ancient church of not precise origins with the name taken from the Baths of Alexander inside of which it was erected.
Senato Della Repubblica (Senate of the Republic of Italy), Rome
On the right of the palace is Palazzo Carpegna, built by cardinal Gaspare Carpegna, vicar of Rome in the 17th century. This palace was also largely reconstructed to house the supplementary offices of the Senate.

The facade onto Corso Rinascimento has a door supported by columns and surmounted by a balcony and a heavly decorated frame with a frieze of angels. Inside the palazzo are worth mentioning the Senate Chamber painted by Cesare Maccari (1880). Palazzo Madama has a valuable library, with more than 500 000 volumes.

Piazza Madama took the name after the palace, but before it was called "Piazza Lombarda" with the reference to the vast possessions that in the Middle Ages the monks of Farfa (who's Abbey belonged to the Lombards) held here.

Palazzo Madama - Senate of the Republic of Italy
Piazza Madama, Corso del Rinascimento
Piazza dei Caprettari No 79
00186, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione S. Eustachio (Senato-Corso Rinascimento) (Roma centro)
Palazzo Madama - Senate of the Republic of Italy is Shown By "Map H Zone" As "45"
Bus: 30, 70, 81, 87, 116, 492, 628 to Corso del Rinascimento
Telephone: 0039 06 67061, 0039 06 6706 2430

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