Palazzo & Piazza (Historic Buildings, Squares and Streets)

Major Squares and Fountains in Rome

Major Squares and Fountains in Rome, Italy Undoubtedly there is no city in the world that has more waters and fountains than Rome. It has been thus since ancient times, when 11 aqueducts supplied thousands and thousands of litres of water to the city each day, feeding the countless fountains and magnificent baths. The sacking of the Goths, resulting in the cutting of the aqueducts, ended this richness, and only at the...

Piazza del Campidoglio on the Capitoline Hill, Rome

Piazza del Campidoglio on the Capitoline Hill, Rome, Italy This itinerary can start from nowhere else but the Piazza del Campidoglio, situated on the Capitoline Hill, which has always been the privileged seat of divinity and power.Although it is the lowest and least extensive of the Seven Hills of Rome, in the early 6th century B.C. there stood the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus, by far the most important temple of...

Piazza (Square) Vittorio Emanuele II, Rome - Open Air Cinema And Food Market, Big Garden With Park

Piazza Vittorio Square In Rome , Italy Piazza Vittorio, as it is called more commonly, is a wide rectangular square completely surrounded by arcades in Piemontese style, unique in this type in Rome and with its dimensions of 316x147 side meters, is one of the biggest squares of the Capital. It is situated in Esquilino, an equally large area that stretches out to Piazza della Repubblica to the north, close the the...

The Stadium of Domitian - Piazza Navona In Rome

ancient Stadium of Domitian In Rome, Italy Piazza Navona preserves the shape and dimensions of the ancient Stadium built in Emperor Domitian's time, theatre of athletic games of the "Certamen Capitolino" consisting of athletic sports, musical competitions and horse-races which emperor Domitian started in 86 A.D. in Jove's honour. In the 1930's, part of the turn belonging to the Stadium and corresponding to the...

Doria Pamphilj (Pamphili) Museum Gallery In Palazzo Doria Pamphilj (Pamphili)

Doria Pamphilj Museum Gallery, Rome, Italy The Doria Pamphilj Gallery (also spelled Doria Pamphili Gallery) is a large art collection housed in the Palazzo Doria Pamphilj (also spelled Palazzo Doria Pamphili) in Rome, Italy. It is situated between the Via del Corso and Via della Gatta. The principal entrance is on the Via del Corso (until recently entrance to the gallery was from the Piazza del Collegio Romano). Like...

Piazza San Pietro, Saint Peter's Square, Rome & Vatican City

Piazza San Pietro, Saint Peter's Square, Rome St Peter's square was realized by G.L.Bernini in 1656-67. It is one of the superb examples of civic architecture and was designed to create an adequate entrance to the heart of Catholic religion and, from the functional side, cover the visible disproportion of St Peter'. Fig: St Peter's square It has the form of an ellipse 240m large and 340m long (from the stairs leading...

Sagrestia del Borromini (Borromini Sacristy), Piazza Navona, Rome & Vatican City

Sagrestia del Borromini, Piazza Navona, Rome Sagrestia del Borromini (Borromini Sacristy) is an architectural complex, built for Pius VI by C.Marchionni (1776-84). It is an octagonal hall with a cupola supported by pilasters of yellow sienna marble and gray marble columns from Hadrian's Villa near the city of Tivoli. Fig: sagrestia This Sacristy [about sacristy (secretarium or diaconicum)] is connected with St Peter's...

Palazzo di Nicolo V (Sistine Chapel), Vatican City, Rome

Palazzo di Nicolo V (Sistine Chapel/Cappella Sistina), Vatican City, Rome Before the migration to Avignon in 1309, the Pope and the Curia lived in Lateran palace. Eugenius III (1145-53) begun the construction of the first Vatican palace on the place of an ancient house, built close to St Peter's in 6th century and used for state occasions and for the accommodation of foreign sovereigns. In 1377 Gregory XI returned from Avignon and moved to the...

Palazzetto del Belvedere (The Palace of Belvedere), Vatican Gardens, Vatican City, Rome

Palazzetto del Belvedere, Vatican Gardens, Vatican City, Rome The Palace of Belvedere was built for Innocent VII by Pollaiolo on the hill called collina of S.Egidio or of Belvedere. In 18th century it was modified for the Museo Pio- Clementino by M.Simonetti and G.Camporese. Fig: schema p-zetto belvedere The Pio-Clementino Museum (Museo Pio-Clementino) Takes its name from the pope Clement XIV, who exposed here the first collections,...

Auditorium di palazzo Pio (Cortile Auditorium Palazzo Pio), Rome

Auditorium di palazzo Pio (Cortile Auditorium Palazzo Pio), Rome The Holy See made this big building constructed as a palace of Congresses and classical music concerts in 1950 and named it after Pius XII. The project of auditorium belongs to M.Piacentini. Before it this place was occupied by sepulchral pyramid, which existed till late Middle Ages and was called Meta Romuli, in honor of the first founder of Rome (Romulus). Fig: Auditorium...

Piazza di Ponte, Sant'Angelo, Rome

Piazza di Ponte Square, rome Centuries ago this square was a place of executions of the Castel Sant'Angelo prisoners; among the most famous figures who lost their lives here were Beatrice Cenci and her family members in 1599. One side of the square was occupied by Palazzo Altoviti, here was a famous loggia from which in 19th century the honorable guests could see the famous fireworks of Castel S.Angelo...

Piazza della Trinita' dei Monti, Rome

Piazza della Trinita' dei Monti, Rome This is one of the places offering a wonderful view on Rome and is located right in front of the Chiesa della Trinita' dei Monti. Usually it is all occupied by artists working here during the day. In the middle of the square is an obelisk, a Roman imitation of Imperial epoch of the Egyptian obelisks. It was erected here in 1789 by the wish of Pius VI. The obelisk is 13m high...

Palazzo del Parlamento (Palazzo di Montecitorio), Rome

Palazzo del Parlamento (Palazzo di Montecitorio), Rome It was built by E.Basile in 1908-1918 as a seat of Camera dei Deputati (Chamber of Deputies), adjoining to the Palazzo di Montecitorio. The Chamber is panelled in oak and brightly illuminated from above by a row of windows pierced in the cornice. Below the cornice is frieze by G.A.Sartorio (1908), representing the development of Italian civilization. The fine bas-relief in...

Palazzo Capranica, Piazza Capranica, Rome

Palazzo Capranica, Rome It was built in 1457 by cardinal Domenico Capranica, who wanted settle here a school. After his death, the brother of him enlarged the palace. One of the few surviving buildings of Rome dating back to the 15th century. The palace is an interesting example of the beginning of Renaissance architecture (1457). Fig: Palazzo Capranica (Piazza Capranica) At present one part of...

Piazza della Rotonda and Its Fountain (Fontana del Pantheon), Rome

Piazza della Rotonda, Rome This square in front of Pantheon was given its medieval name "della Rotonda" by Romans, which derives from the round form of Pantheon. For centuries it was a very animated place and a site of market, moved away from here only in 1847. After it the square was paved with the characteristic Roman stones "sampietrini", and in 1906 was covered by wooden panels in form of parquet,...