Palazzo & Piazza (Historic Buildings, Squares and Streets)

Palazzo delle Finanze/ Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF)

Palazzo delle Finanze/ Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) The Ministero dell’Economia e delle Finanze (Palazzo delle Finanze)/ Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) was the first major complex to be built in Rome after the city became the capital of Italy. Its design was to emphasise the solidity and efficiency of institutions of the newly formed Italian State; the result is the largest and most majestic complex in the capital second...

Via Venti Settembre (Via 20 Settembre)

Via Venti Settembre (Via 20 Settembre) Via Venti Settembre (Via 20 Settembre) street is located in the historical heart of Rome, between Porta Pia and Via Veneto, not far walking from central Termini Station, Spanish Steps, Villa Borghese and from the main tourist sites. Before the famous event happened on September 20, 1870 when Rome was adjoined to Italy and became its capital, all the tract of the street was...

Piazza della Repubblica (dell'Esedra) and Fontana dei Naiadi (Naiads)

Piazza della Repubblica (dell'Esedra) and Fontana dei Naiadi (Naiads) This beautiful 19th century square till the WWII was an official entrance to the city and its principal center of representation. Starting from the middle of the 17th century in the zone of Terme di Diocleziano (Baths of Diocletian), popularly denominated "Termini", a meat market took place every Thursday and Friday, transferred here from Campo Vaccino, and in the month of May...

National Roman Museum of Diocletian Bath (Museo Nazionale Romano delle Terme di Diocleziano)

National Roman Museum of Diocletian Bath, rome Museo Nazionale Romano delle Terme di Diocleziano (National Roman Museum of Diocletian Bath) was unveiled in 1889 and could be considered as one of the most important collections of ancient sculpture in the world. The museum contains the works of art found during the excavations executed after 1870. This museum was founded to collect the antiquities of Rome and was recently...

National Roman Museum - Palazzo Massimo

The palace was built in 1887 by architect Camillo Pistrucci according to the wish of Jesuit Massimiliano Massimo (1849-1911) who destined it for the seat of Jesuit scholastic institute which was conducted before 1870 in Collegio Romano. National Roman Museum - Palazzo Massimo (Museo Nazionale Romano - Palazzo Massimo) was restored as the new seat of the Museo Nazionale Romano...

Piazza dell'Esquilino (Esquilino Square) & Obelisco (Obelisk) Esquilino

Obelisco (Obelisk) Esquilino, Rome In the middle of piazza dell'Esquilino, one of the seven hills, an obelisk stands out. The square is located behind the apse of basilica Santa Maria Maggiore, one of the most solemn buildings of Roman Baroque and has in its center an granite obelisk which is nearly 15m high and is at the centre of Piazza dell'Esquilino. The two obelisks were found in the 16th century near the...

Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major Square) and Its Fountain (Fontana)

Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major Square), rome The Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major Square) in front of basilica of S.Maria Maggiore was projected by Sixtus V as a cross point of three streets, but now only two of them left and serve mostly for the traffic directed to Railways station. The column in the center of it named Colonna della Pace (Column of Peace) was erected by Paul V in 1614. It is made of...

Capocci and Graziani Tower (Torri dei Capocci e dei Graziani) at San Martino ai Monti

Capocci and Graziani Tower at San Martino ai Monti, rome These are two twin medieval towers, of which the highest (36m) one was built by the Arcionis and subsequently passed to the Capoccis, who erected around it a series of fortification. The other tower was constructed by the Cerronis, a family to which probably belonged a famous painter Pietro Cavallini; from Cerroni the tower passed to the Graziani's, a family of Sabin origins...

Cistern Baths of Trajan Called "Sette Sale" (Seven Halls)

Cistern Baths of Trajan Called "Sette Sale" (Seven Halls) "Sette Sale" (Seven Halls) are the rests of grandiose water reservoirs served for the Baths of Trajan (110). The baths were public and had some gyms and a library; they were very rich of decoration, furniture and sculptures. The water reservoir was exceptional and could contain more than 8500 cube meters of water; it was compound of nine rooms, seven of them were discovered...

Palazzo Brancaccio (Home of National Museum of Oriental Art and IsIAO)

Palazzo Brancaccio (Home of National Museum of Oriental Art and IsIAO) Brancaccio Palace is the last Roman Patrician Palace built in 1880 in the heart of the eternal city, Rome. Located on Colle Oppio, near Emperor Nero's,"Domus Aurea" and the seven hills, between Colosseum and the famous Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. The palace was built in 1892-1895 for the noble Neapolitan Brancaccio family, which wanted to move to the new capital of...

Piazza Indipendenza (Independence Square)

This is a vast square planted with the trees and serving as a stop for numerous bus lines. The square is dominated by two buildings: Palazzo dei Marescialli, erected in the end of the 30's and now the seat of Consiglio Superiore della Magistratura; and the big Palazzo della Federazione dei Consorzi Agrari, erected in the 50's. After 1870 the space around Piazza Indipendenza...

Policlinico (Polyclinic) Umberto I - A Architectural Hospital Insitute

Policlinico (Polyclinic) Umberto I Hospital, Rome The decision to built a Polyclinic was supported mostly by Guido Baccelli, to face the needs of the new Italian state in development of scientific education and research. But while the other faculties were arranged in the zone of Via Panisperna, the faculty of medicine could not find the place for its permanent seat. To resolve this problem was found a compromise between the...

Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital (Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù)

The modern children's hospital takes its origins from the hospital for children founded in 1869 by the dukes Salviati at Conservatorio dei SS.Clemente e Crescenino. Now the needs of the hospital brought to enlarging of its territory with the new construction blocks and destruction of the green area, so the old charming scenography of this part of Janiculum Hill was lost and...

Regina Coeli Prison (Carcere di Regina Coeli)

Regina Coeli Prison (Carcere di Regina Coeli) The name of the prison transferred in this buildings in 1881-1885 comes from the Chiesa conventuale di S.Maria Regina Coeli, i.e. the monastery church existed here before the prison. The prison was built under the direction of Carlo Morgini. The monastery was founded in 1654 by Anna Colonna, the wife of Taddeo Barberini. On the right side of the Carcere there is via delle...

Former Tobacco Factory (Vecchia Fabbrica del Tabacco)

In the building now occupied by the barracks of the Legione Lazio dei Carabinieri, was constructed in 1744-1758 by L.Vanvitelli as a seat of the first tobacco factory in Rome. When the pope's monopoly on tobacco was suspended, Pius VI established here in 1785 the "Conservatorio Pio" for the poor girls and connected it with the other Conservatorio dell"Assunta", founded by...