Palazzo & Piazza (Historic Buildings, Squares and Streets)

Palazzo Farnese - French Embassy Building in Rome

This is the most beautiful palace of Rome, an extreme masterpiece of Renaissance, a work of A.da Sangallo the Younger (the front and side facades), Michelangelo (cornice, balcony, loggia and the greater part of courtyard) and G.della Porta (back facade with a big loggia facing Via Giulia). A big part of the travertine for the construction of the palace was brought directly...

Piazza Farnese & Its Two Twin Fountains of Piazza Farnese

The Piazza Farnese (Farnese Square) was created after Palazzo Farnese was built and a street leading to Campo de'Fiori was laid out. In the epoch of imperial Rome, this site was a seat of one of the factions of the Circo Flaminio (a good mosaic representing a horse race was discovered beneath Palazzo Farnese). The square was also named "Piazza del Duca" and served, apart from...

Palazzo Spada & Its Spada Gallery

Palazzo Spada & Its Spada Gallery This is one of the most magnificent constructions of the Roman baroque, with a facade (1556-1560, by G.Mazzoni) and a courtyard in which the usual monochrome decorations were substituted by stucco relieves of exceptional taste and numerous niches with statues. The palace was built for cardinal Girolamo Capodiferro in 1540 by Giulio Merisi da Caravaggio. In 1632 it passed to...

Palazzo Ossoli

The entrance to the Palazzo Ossoli (Ossoli palace) is at Piazza della Quercia, #1. In the past it belonged, among others, to the Soderini, and its construction is attributed to B.Peruzzi (1525). In 1525 he built this Ossoli palace in Rome. On its side facade, viewable from Piazza Capo di Ferro, from the front of another famous palace, Palazzo Spada, the sundial is visible on...

Campo de' Fiori (Flora)

Piazza Capo di Ferro Before the 15th century it was a camp covered by green grass and flowers, which was used as a pasture land. This probably gave the name to the square: Campo dei Fiori (Campo di Flora). It became an important place due to the transfer of the traffic from the slopes of the Capitoline Hill to the new city which grew in direction to the new residence in Vatican after return of...

Via dei Giubbonari

Via dei Giubbonari This street was laid out by the order of Sixtus IV and was originally named Via Florea. It went through Campo dei Fiori (Campo di Flora) from the zone of Banchi to the market of S.Angelo in Pescheria. For all of its history this street was a seat of little shops, specialized mostly in clothes. Later a confraternity of coat vendors joined the confraternity of tailors and of...

Palazzo del Monte di Pieta

Chapel of the Palazzo del Monte di Pieta Monte di Pieta' is a religious organization founded for charity purpose by a minor brother Giovanni Maltei da Calvi in 1539. Monte's activity consisted of money lending on the lowest interests and often without obligation to return money at all. At present their functions had notably changed. Its first seat was in zone of Banchi Vecchi, from where they were transferred by...

Palazzo Tanlongo

This Palazzo Tanlongo (Palazzo Iacobilli Tanlongo) is a big construction of impressive, but modest architecture. It is noted for hosting one of the most prominent patriots of Italian Risorgimento, Benedetto Cairoli, which is remembered in a tablet on the wall; and for being a property of a senator Bernardo Tanlongo, the main hero of a huge "scandal of the Roman Bank" in 1891....

Palazzo Orsini Pio Righetti

This vast 17th-century Palazzo Orsini Pio Righetti (also called - Palazzo Pio Righetti/ Palazzo Orsini Pio/ Palazzo Pio) occupies a part of the territory of ancient ruined Theatre of Pompey (Teatro di Pompeo) and in particular is based on the Temple of Venice. The zone with the ruins of ancient constructions became a property of the Orsini family in 1150; they built here some...

Palace of Chancellery/ Palazzo della Cancelleria - Extraterritorial Property Of The Holy See

Palace of Chancellery/ Palazzo della Cancelleria of the Holy See In the past the palace was attributed to Bramante, but for chronological stylistic motives this opinion was changed and now Palazzo della Cancelleria is attributed to A.Bregno, leaving to Bramante the merit of a perfect courtyard and a church incorporated in construction. The palace is considered to be the masterpiece of patronage of the family of pope Sixtus IV della Rovere,...

Piazza della Cancelleria (Chancellery Square) and Its Fountain (Fontana)

Cardinal Francesco Barberini, vice-chancellor of the Church in 1632-1679, had a number of houses in front of the Palazzo della Cancelleria demolished to create an appropriate square in front of a Renaissance masterpiece. Next to Piazza Campo de’ Fiori which is the junction of Via dei Baullari, Via Giubbonari, Via del Pellegrino, and Piazza della Cancelleria. Sixteenth-...

Via del Pellegrino

Via del Pellegrino Originally it was a tract of an ancient Roman street which in the Middle Ages was connecting the zone of Isola Tiberina and its market of S.Angelo in Pescheria, with the bridge Ponte S.Angelo. This was not the only street used by pilgrims to reach Vatican, nevertheless it was probably the center of commercial activity attracting them and making this via more visited then the...

Criminology Museum (Museo Criminologico) - Former Juvenile Prison (Carcere Minorile)

Criminology Museum, Former Juvenile Prison (Carcere Minorile) The Museum of Criminology was founded in 1931 by the Minister of Justice Alfredo Rocco and was initially set up in the seventeenth century building of the Palazzo delle Carceri Nuove (New Prisons) in Via Giulia and moved to the adjacent former juvenile prison (Palazzo del Carcere Minorile) in Palazzo del Gonfalone in 1975. At present it is a seat of Museo Criminologico (...

Palazzo delle Carceri Nuove (Building of the New Prisons)

Palazzo delle Carceri Nuove (Building of the New Prisons) Innocent X decided to build a model prison to substitute a medieval jail Carcere di Tordinona and Corte Savella (prison of private administration) both providing extremely horrible conditions for prisoners. The functional solutions of the new prison were projected by a Philipinian priests Virginio Spada, while architecture belongs to A.Del Grande (1655). At present the palace...

Palazzo del Vescovo di Cervia (Palace of the Bishop of Cervia)

Palazzo del Vescovo di Cervia (Palace of the Bishop of Cervia) The palace was not finished and consists of only one angle between via dei Banchi Vecchi and via delle Carceri. The project belonged to A.da Sangallo the Younger, who began its construction for Pietro Fieschi, bishop of Cervia, governor of Rome in 1521-1523. It is not the only Renaissance building near the church: in the nearby alley named after Benvenuto Cellini, a house...