Palazzo & Piazza (Historic Buildings, Squares and Streets)

Palazzo Venezia (Venice Palace)

entrance of Palazzo Venezia, rome, italy Its construction was begun in 1455 by Venetian cardinal Pietro Barbo, future pope Paul II, and finished in 1467 by his nephew, cardinal Marco. Palazzo Venezia is the first example of Renaissance architecture in Rome. The idea of cardinal to erect here his palace was determined by the fact that the new center of Rome and its life had a tendency to concentrate around Via Lata (...

Palazzetto Venezia

Palazzetto Venezia It is a copy of the original palace (1467) that was moved from Piazza Venezia in 1911 because it obstructed the view of the Monument of Victor Emmanuel II. It adjoins Palazzo Venezia and faces Via and Piazza di S.Marco. The palace was erected by order of Paul II Barbo. At present it is a seat of some International Institutions. At the angle between the Palazzetto and the...

Piazza Venezia (Venice Square)

Monument of Victor Emanuel II ('Il Vittoriano') at Piazza Venezia The present busy square of rectangular form 130m x 75m, junction of the main city arteries: Via del Corso, Via del Plebescito, Via Battisti, Via dei Fori Imperiali and Via del Tatro di Marcello, was quite different in the past. It was a modest little square where Via del Corso arrived and then went in different directions along narrow streets. On the four of its sides were...

Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali (Building of Insurance Company) di Venezia (of Venice)

On the Piazza Venezia (Venice Square), opposite to the Palazzo Venezia (Venice Palace) we can observe the building of Assicurazioni Generali (insurance company) that replaced old structures. On the square, where the Palazzo delle Assicurazioni stands today, faced Michelangelo’s workshop. The decision to built on the flanks of the Capitoline hill the monument to Victor Emanuel...

Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II (Victor Emmanuel II)/ Vittoriano/ Museo della Patria

statue of Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II, rome, italy In 1878 the Italian Parliament decided to build a national monument in honor of the recently deceased sovereign Victor Emmanuel II. The Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II (National Monument of Victor Emmanuel II) or Altare della Patria (Altar of the Fatherland) or "Il Vittoriano" is a monument to honor Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy, located in Rome...

Via dei Fori Imperiali and Fontana dei Fori Imperiali (Fountain of Imperial Fora)

Via dei Fori Imperiali and Fontana dei Fori Imperiali, rome This street was laid out in 1932 by B.Mussolini as the Via dell'Impero, through the destruction of entire district and cut of a slope of the Velia altitude, for connection of Piazza Venezia with the Colosseum. The opening of this road wiped out one of the most extraordinary zones of the city where various strata of Renaissance and medieval buildings lay above the ruins of the...

Domus Romane di (Roman Domus at) Palazzo Valentini (Seat of the Province of Rome)

Palazzo Valentini, seat of the Province of Rome since 1873, was commissioned to be built in 1585 by Cardinal Michele Bonelli, a nephew of Pope Pius V. In the seventeenth century it underwent renovation and a series of extensions were added by Cardinal Carlo Bonelli and Michele Ferdinando Bonelli. This harmonious simple palace was built on the remains of a temple, dedicated by...

Torre e Palazzo Del Grillo Robilant (Palazzo Robilant)

Torre e Palazzo Del Grillo Robilant (Palazzo Robilant) Palazzo del Grillo, a famous building built in 1223. This 17th century aristocratic building featuring the art of the Baroque of Bernini and Borromini in the very heart of Old Rome overlooking the archaeological area called the IMPERIAL FORUMS between the Colosseum and Piazza Venezia (the Capitol and “Altare della Patria”). It is decorated by artists of the Bernini School, is...

Colonna Traiana (Trajan's Column)

Colonna Traiana (Trajan's Column) This column was erected in 113 A.D. and illustrates the course of war with the Dacians on the territory of modern Romania. The column is made of a series of 18 marble drums ending with the Doric capital. Inside of it are 185 steps leading to the top. The Column stands in front of the Churches of the Madonna del Loreto and of the SS. Nome di Maria, next to the ruins of the...

Piazza degli Zingari

Piazza degli Zingari The name of this square derives from the presence of the gipsy (zingari), who made it their permanent camp for a long period of time. It was distinguished by its own customs and feasts. Photo Credit: panoramio It is one of the oldest part of Rome, walking distance to the Colosseum, Imperial Forums, The Opera, the Santa Maria Church, Vatican, the Spanish Steps, Trevi Fountain...

Via Nomentana

Via Nomentana This is an ancient road which was straightened for the needs of the traffic under Pius IV, who also destroyed the ancient gate located in the beginning of the street Porta Nomentana and built the new one Porta Pia. Via Nomentana had been widen and hemmed by the four rows of plane-trees in 1909. The street reaches the neighborhood Monte Sacro, ex Citta' Giardino (City-garden),...

Porta (Gate) Salaria/ Salara

Porta (Gate) Salaria/ Salara The Porta (Gate) Salaria/ Salara was built before the 5th century and existed till the 20th century. It was notably damaged by the shelling of September 20, 1870 and then reconstructed by V.Vespignani. But in 1921 it was definitely destroyed together with a long tract of the city walls to open the square Piazza Fiume. Incorporated in the towers of the gate were found various...

Breccia di Porta (Gate) Pia

Breccia di Porta (Gate) Pia This was the place where the battle for Rome on September 20, 1870 occurred, the place from where the first "bersaglieri" entered the city, a few steps away from the Spanish steps. The War Memorial (architect Adolfo Apolloni, 1920) with the tablets containing the names of the died here soldiers, and a Victory Column erected in 1895 (architect Cesare Aureli, sculptor Guastalla...

Porta (Gate) Pia and Museum of the Bersaglieri

Porta (Gate) Pia and Museum of the Bersaglieri After the ancient gate Porta Nomentana was closed with the goal to straighten the tract of the new road penetrating the city Via Pia (from the name of pope who wanted all this work done Pius IV Medici), the construction of the new gate was ordered to Michelangelo. It was erected in 1561-1564. The decorations contain the symbols of two professions: barbers and surgeons, who...

Villa Paolina Bonaparte (Residence of Napoleon’s sister), Now French Embassy

Villa Paolina Bonaparte (Residence of Napoleon’s sister), Now French Embassy This villa was bought by the Borghese family for the young sister of Napoleon, Pauline Bonaparte, who entered the family and held here a splendid court in 1816-1824. Originally the villa belonged to the Cicciaporci family and was documented since the 16th century. In the middle of the 18th century it was purchased by cardinal Silvio Valenti Gonzaga who had a house built in the...