"Palazzo Sessoriano (Sessorium): Infantry & Tankers Museum, Grenadiers Museum, S.Croce in Gerusalemme" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Monday 11th July 2011
In the beginning of the 3rd century in this zone on the south-eastern end of the city was formed a new Imperial residence, better adapted for living than the one on the Palatine Hill. It was called "Sessorium" or "Palace of Sessorium", and was compound of ample gardens, amphitheater, circus, baths and a basilica for negotiation of public affairs. To protect all this the city walls of Aurelian had to incorporate the walls of amphitheater, but still left unprotected some part of the imperial property.
Only few fragments remained after this complex construction: Sessorium was transformed into the church S.Croce in Gerusalemme, amphitheatre and imposing rests of the basilica could be found on the territory of barracks located in the monastery zone of noted above church.
The basilica of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme (Holy Cross in Jerusalem) is also called Heleniana or Sessoriana. It rises on the area previously occupied by the Sessorium, a residential complex owned by the Emperor, started in the first half of the third century AD, which included the real palace, a circus and an amphitheater (currently called Anfiteatro Castrense) successively englobed within the Aurelian Walls.
Now the ex- barracks Principe di Piemonte do not serve for military goals anymore and in 1964 were transformed in an interesting Museo degli Strumenti musicali (Museum of musical instruments) with a remarkably representative display of more than 3000 instruments dating from Roman times to the 19th century, most of it collected by the tenor Evangelista Gorga.
The former barracks contain also two military museums: Museo storico della Fanteria (Historical museum of infantry) and Museo storico dei Granatieri di Sardegna (1659-1945) (Historical museum of Sardinian grenadiers) built in 1924.
The Historical Museum of Infantry was inaugurated in 1959. It is located in an Art Nouveau three-story building. The material is exhibited in chronological order in 35 halls and 5 galleries. Museo Carristi (Tankers Museum) is hosted inside the Museo Storico della Fanteria (Historical Infantry Museum), an arrangement that is officially temporary but has been in place for some 30 years.
It consists of arms, uniforms, flags, relics, documents, plastic models, sculptures, and paintings related to Infantry and to its specializations, from the Ancient times to the Union of Italy, from the two World Wars to the War of Liberation. The plastic model of the battle of Zama that took place in 202 BC between the Romans and the Carthaginians, and the natural-scale reproduction of a trench of the First World War are of particular interest. The War Memorial is located on the first floor.
The Historical Museum of the Grenadiers of Sardinia was designed by the Lieutenant Francesco Leoni and built by voluntary Grenadiers with the financial contribution of the Grenadiers throughout Italy. It was inaugurated at the presence of the reigning Savoy family on June 3 1924 on the 265th anniversary of the foundation of the Corps.
The Museum is very rich in historical relics of every age and source. It consists of 15 halls containing Italian and foreign arms, photographs of the Great War, plans of the main places where the various detachments fought, flags and personal objects donated by the soldiers themselves. The Memorial to the Grenadiers has been set up in one of the halls. The 8500 names of the soldiers belonging to the Corps fallen in all the wars are listed on the walls of the Memorial.
In addition to the Museum of the Grenadiers and Tankers Museum, you can visit the Basilica of St. Croce in Gerusalemme, in the square.
Palazzo Sessoriano (Sessorium): Infantry & Tankers Museum, Grenadiers Museum, S.Croce in Gerusalemme
Piazza di Santa Croce in Gerusalemme
00185, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Esquilino (Termini - Via Nazionale) (Roma centro)
Palazzo Sessoriano (Sessorium): Infantry & Tankers Museum, Grenadiers Museum, S.Croce in Gerusalemme is Shown By "Map L Zone" As "3"
Italian Army official Web Site: http://www.difesa.it/
Contact - Historical Museum of Infantry & Tankers Museum (Museo Storico della Fanteria e Museo Storico dei Carristi):
Piazza di Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, 9
Hours: Mon-Sat 9am-1pm, Closed Sunday, 1 May, 1 November, 25 December, 1 January.
Telephone: +39 06 7027971
Fax: 0039 06 7027971
Historical Museum of Infantry(Museo Storico della Fanteria): http://www.esercito.difesa.it/Comunicazione/Musei/Fanteria/Pagine/defaul...
Historical Tankers Museum (Museo Storico dei Carristi): http://www.esercito.difesa.it/Comunicazione/Musei/Carristi/Pagine/defaul...
Contact - Historical Museum of the Grenadiers of Sardinia (Museo Storico dei Granatieri di Sardegna):
Piazza di Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, 7
Hours: It can be visited on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday from 10.00 to 12.00.
Telephone: 0039 06 7028287
Fax: 0039 06 7028287