Palladio (1508-1580) (Andrea di Pietro della Gondola)

"Palladio (1508-1580) (Andrea di Pietro della Gondola)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Thursday 28th April 2011

Andrea di Pietro della Gondola, named Palladio, Italian architect, was born in Padua in 1508 and died in Maser, Treviso in 1580. He was a son of miller and being very young moved to Vicenza where worked as a lapidary. Venetian writer and humanist Gian Giorgio Trissino gave to the young architect the nickname under which he became known, en-charged him construction of his own villa in Cricoli (1537) and introduced Palladio in cultural venetian circles.
palladio chiericati
His artistic formation passed under the influence of G.Falconetto, M.Sanmicheli, Sansovino, Giulio Romano, Sebastiano Serlio. The trips with G.G.Trissino in Rome (1541, 1545, 1547 and 1549) permitted Andrea to study the works of the great architects. In 1549 the Counsil of 100 in Vicenza entrusted Palladio the construction of ready to fall Palazzo della Ragione, here the old gothic monument was combined with the neo-classic forms and was finished only in 1614. This work brought success and fame to the architect and he received numerous orders for construction of aristocratic villas and palaces.
palladio sangiorgio
After the death of G.G.Trissino in 1550 Palladio executed illustrations of the edition of De Architectura by Vitruvio (1556) ordered by the Venetian prelate Daniele Barbaro with who the architect went for the last time to Rome in 1554 and wrote the treatise L'antichita' di Roma destined to a big success.

In the following years he was working on important projects for Venice and in 1570 became an official architect of the city. In the same year he published I quattro libri dell'architettura (Four books about architecture). His last work was the Teatro Olimpico in Vicenza began in the year of his death and completed by V.Scamozzi. Here are some works created by Palladio: Palazzo Chiericati (Vicenza, 1550) (the 1st photo); Palazzo Valmarana (Vicenza, 1565-1566); loggia del Capitaniato (1571, Vicenza); Villa Almerico-Capra ("la Rotonda") close to Vicenza; Villas in Montagnana, Foscari (la Malcontenta) close to Mira, Barbaro in Maser, Emo Capodilista in Fonzolo, etc. Other than the surroundings of Venice and the city of Vicenza where he changed the urbanistic look of the city, Palladio was also very active in Venice where realized the great churches of San Giorgio Maggiore (the 2nd photo) (1566) and of Redentore (the 3rd photo) (1577-1592).
palladio chiesa

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