Parks, Castles and Monasteries

Porta (Gate) Asinaria

This is the most impressive of the ancient Roman gates as for the height and length of defense system, as for the two rectangular and two semi-circular towers. It was originally a simple gate, but Honorius added two semi-cylindrical towers to increase its resistance to the probable attacks of enemies. The name derives from Via Asinaria which took its beginning from here and...

Mausoleum (Tomb) of Caecilia Metella/ Mausoleo di Cecilia Metella

Mausoleum (Tomb) of Caecilia Metella/ Mausoleo di Cecilia Metella The Mausoleum (Tomb) of Caecilia Metella/ Mausoleo di Cecilia Metella is one of the most famous monuments situated on the Via Appia. The mausoleum was built at the third mile of the Appian Way in the years 30-20 BCE, on a dominant position overlooking the road, just at the point of arrestation of a leucite lava flow ejected 260,000 years ago from the Alban Hills volcanic...

Catacombs of San Callisto (Saint Callistus/ Callixtus), Via Appia Antica

Catacombs of San Callisto (Saint Callistus/ Callixtus), Via Appia Antica Catacombs of San Callisto (Saint Callistus/ Callixtus) [Italian: Le Catacombe di San Callisto] is the biggest underground burial site in Rome, it is formed of several separate areas joined together by tunnels on four different levels, over a distance of 16 km. The Catacombs of San Callisto are the best known of the Roman catacombs and the first official underground burial site...

Villa Circus Maxentius and Romulus Mausoleum (Tomb) or Circus of Caracalla at Via Appia Antica

Along the Appian Way you find the Catacombs of St. Sebastian and also of St. Callistus. One mile after you find the Circus of Maxentius, the Mauseoleum and the house of Romulus (Tomba di Romolo/ Mausoleo di Romolo) - the founder of Rome, and just after it, the Tomb of Cecilia Metella, daughter of a Roman patrician family. The first circus in Rome was the Circus Maximus, in the...

The Aqueduct Park, Rome

The Aqueduct Park, Rome, Italy The picturesque park on Via del Quadraro gives the visitor the opportunity of walking along the imposing arches of the Claudio aqueduct and of the Felice aqueduct up to the archaeological site of Villa delle Vignacce, one of the major Roman villas in the suburb.

Villa Torlonia Museum, Park and The Casino dei Principi (The House of the Princes) In Rome

Villa Torlonia Museum, Park In Rome, Italy The Torlonia Museum is located in one of the numerous new-built or adapted palaces of 19th century belonged to this noble family of bankers. Since the 17th century the building and adjoining to it were occupied by the water-mill and factories, using the energy of the Acqua Paola. In this palace were disposed 620 pieces of Greek and Roman statues collected by the founder of...

Castellamonte, Carlo di (1560-1641)

Carlo di Castellamonte, Italian architect, was born and died in Turin in 1560-1641. He was a pupil and collaborator of Ascanio Vitozzi (sanctuary of Vicoforte (Mondovi, 1589)), whom he succeeded as a chief duke's engineer of Turin in 1615: Via Nuova (Via Roma, 1621), Piazza S.Carlo with two symmetrical churches of S.Carlo and of S.Cristina, Castello del Valentino (1633),...

Palazzo Pignatelli & Torre Colonna Tower

Palazzo Pignatelli & Torre Colonna Tower Palazzo Pignatelli was built in the 17th century for the family of pope Innocent XII Pignatelli and transformed in 1880 due to construction of Via Nazionale. In front of the palace is a Torre Colonna, a tower which made part of a fortification system of the Colonna. It has six floors with the elements in travertine and sculptural bas-relieves from the Imperial Fora decorating...

Templi di Apollo Sosiano e di Bellona (Temple of Apollo Sosiano & Temple of Bellona)

Templi di Apollo Sosiano (Temple of Apollo Sosiano) On the right of Portico di Ottavia, in the Hebrew district, the remains of a temple dedicated to God Apollo, built between 433 and 431 BC, can be found. The temple is called of Apollo Sosiano from the name of the consul C. Sosia who in 32 BC rebuilt completely the building enriching it with many works of art. The temple was...

Basilica di San Marco (Saint Mark's Cathedral/ Basilica) evangelista al campidoglio

Basilica di San Marco (Saint Mark's Cathedral/ Basilica), rome, italy The original church was built by order of pope St Mark in 336 in honour of the saint with the same name. In the 9th century it was reconstructed with the creation of apse mosaics, that survived till our days. The church was totally recnostructed by Paul II, who built adjoining to it Palazzo Venezia; he made it the "national" church of Venetians. The architects were G.d.Maiano...

Foro di Cesare (Forum of Caesar)

Foro di Cesare (Forum of Caesar) This Foro di Cesare (Forum of Caesar) was the first one of the five Imprial Fora, built in 51-41 b.C. by Julius Caesar after the conquering of Gaul, which supplied this construction with the needed financial resources. It was located on a square of circa 160m x 75m. On the short northern side of it was erected a Tempio di Venere Genitrice (Temple of Venus Genetrix), from whom...

Foro di Augusto (Forum of Augustus)

Foro di Augusto (Forum of Augustus) Emperor Augustus built another forum close to the one of Caesar. It was larger and was protected by a high wall. In the center was a Temple of Mars Ultor (the Avenger), which Augustus promised to erect during a battle with Philipps in 42 b.C. revenging the death of Caesar. It stood on a basement 3.5meters high with the steps preceding it. The temple had eight Corinthian...

Foro di Nerva or Transient Forum

Foro di Nerva or Transient Forum Emperor Nerva finished construction of this Forum in 96-98 A.D., which was begun by Domitian on the area between Forum of Augustus and Forum of Vespasian. It was also named Forum Transitorium due to a street that crossed it, Argiletum, which lead from the Roman Forum to the Esquiline Hill. The Foro di Nerva or Transient Forum is one of fori imperiali of Rome, the penultimate...

Basilica Ulpia (Moved from Roman Forum to Forum of Traian)

This was the most important basilica after two ancient ones: Emilia and Giulia. With its construction the political life moved from the Roman Forum to this Foro di Traiano (Forum of Trajan). It was dedicated to the administration of justice and presence of emperor; and it was the largest in Rome (120m by 60m).The Basilica Ulpia was compound of a great central nave with the...

Colonna Traiana (Trajan's Column)

Colonna Traiana (Trajan's Column) This column was erected in 113 A.D. and illustrates the course of war with the Dacians on the territory of modern Romania. The column is made of a series of 18 marble drums ending with the Doric capital. Inside of it are 185 steps leading to the top. The Column stands in front of the Churches of the Madonna del Loreto and of the SS. Nome di Maria, next to the ruins of the...